Monday 30 May 1664

Lay long, the bells ringing, it being holiday, and then up and all the day long in my study at home studying of shipmaking with great content till the evening, and then came Mr. Howe and sat and then supped with me. He is a little conceited, but will make a discreet man. He being gone, a little to my office, and then home to bed, being in much pain from yesterday’s being abroad, which is a consideration of mighty sorrow to me.

20 Annotations

Australian Susan   Link to this

Holiday - for the King's Birthday and restoration: only in the 19th century did this become a public holiday as one of the 4 introduced Bank Holidays - Whit Monday (now transmogrified in to the Late Spring Bank Holiday which sounds ever so bureaucratic).) The others were Easter Monday, August Bank Holiday Monday (rain a certainty on that day of course) and Boxing Day in England, New Year's Day in Scotland.

Michael Robinson   Link to this

"the bells ringing,"

Think Pepys probably heard English 'change ringing' - the "College Youths," who ring in the City still, were founded in 1637:-
http://www.ascy.org.uk/

For additional information about 'change ringing' and more recordings see:-
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Change_ringing

For full details of the church bells in the City:-
http://london.lovesguide.com/

cape henry   Link to this

The two things that seem to give Sam his most "content" are an increase in wealth at the end of the month and what he considers successful study of some sort.

Terry F   Link to this

Very nice and, yes, more appropriate sites, Michael. Would there were more recordings of change ringing, esp. London's, on the web than there seem to be.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

"...being in much pain from yesterday's being abroad, which is a consideration of mighty sorrow to me"

Poor fellow...The spectre of the stone's return looming. It must be terrifying for him and for Bess.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

Worst of all...To be checked and threatened with illness just at the time Sir William Penn is moving to assume a prominent role. It must be killing him.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

And yet, one of those quietly joyous days devoted to pleasant study...I will choose to think Bess came up with a nice drink for her ill boy and they spent a happy hour with Sam eagerly teaching his latest acquired craft.

Terry F   Link to this

"Sam eagerly teaching his latest acquired graft," read I. No, no, NO.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

Graft, craft..."All directions lead to greater increase and God doth expressly charge 'Be ye fruitful and multiply'."

"You're sure this is legitimate, Sam'l?"

"Bess?! You are addressing Samuel Pepys, Clerk of the Acts of His Royal Majesty's Navy. Besides, it's here in print." hands her his copy of Audley.

"Chapter Sixty-Two? 'The Upper More Side of War: Opportunity.'" Bess reads.

"See. It be enshrined in print."

Bradford   Link to this

"He is a little conceited, but will make a discreet man."

Delicious, these inadvertant self-portraits.

Were Sam only a few years older one could console him, saying, "What you are mistaking for permanent reminders of mortality are but the flitting pangs of middle age." But then of course---actuaries, have you your figures ready?---he may be, for his era, middle-aged already.

Bradford   Link to this

And speaking of the standardisation or standardization of English orthography, the correct spelling of the word, class, is "inadvertent." How can you memorize this and avoid embarrassing mistakes in the future? Simply remember that the word descends (through back-formation) from the Latin verb "advertere," to advert. After you've had to look it up three separate times, you will remember how to spell it.

Rex Gordon   Link to this

"the bells ringing ..."

From Peter Acktroyd, "London: The Biography," Chapter 5: "It might be surmised that the effect of the bells ended with the Reformation, when London ceased to be a notably pious Catholic city, but all the evidence suggests that the citizens continued to be addicted to them. A German duke entered London on the evening of 12 September 1602, and was astonished by the unique character of the city's sound. "On arriving in London we heard a great ringing of bells in almost all the churches going on very late in the evening, also on the following days until 7 or 8 o'clock in the evening. We were informed that the young people do that for the sake of exercise and amusement, and sometimes they lay considerable sums of money as a wager, who will pull a bell longest or ring it in the most approved fashion. Parishes spend much money in harmoniously-sounding bells, that one being preferred which has the best bells. The old Queen is said to have been pleased very much by this exercise, considering it as a sign of the health of the people." ... Another German traveller, of 1598, wrote that Londoners are "vastly fond of great noises that fill the ear, such as the firing of cannon, drums, and the ringing of bells, so that it is common for a number of them ... to go up into some belfry, and ring the bells for hours together for the sake of exercise." A chaplain to the Venetian ambassador similarly reported that London boys made bets "who can make the parish bells be heard at the greatest distance."

(Ackroyd recommends "The Acoustic World of Early Modern England," by Bruce R. Smith, from which this account is taken.)

No wonder that on a holiday the bells would be ringing all morning, all over the city, as Sam lay long in bed. It is a lovely image.

Cumsalisgrano   Link to this

If thee cannae remember thy amo amas, I loved a lass, then add a backgound pop up dictionary, that can be helpful to us that failed the gramm'e'r school test of rud'e'mentary words.

RE: middle age, be 45-53 if thy mean geometric mean or median, because there be many that obtained 90 plus i.e Hobbes 1588- 1679 or average that be close to mid to late 20's, in that half of the population of London town be under 24? thereby Sam is truly over the hill?

Cumsalisgrano   Link to this

re: middle age :Samuell be past the mid point of survival when past 16, as there be less people over 16 than under:
From gaunt statistics of Graunt

11. It follows also, that of all, which have been conceived, there are now alive 40 per Cent. above sixteen years old, 25 above twenty six years old, & sic deinceps, as in the above Table: there are therefore of Aged between 16, and 56, the number of 40, less by six, viz. 34; of between 26, and 66, the number of 25 less by three, viz. 22: sic deniceps.

Wherefore, supposing there be 199112 Males, and the number between 16, and 56, being 34. It follows, there are 34 per Cent. of all those Males fighting Men in London, that is 67694, viz. near 70000: the truth whereof I leave to examination, only the 1/5. of 67694, viz. 13539. is to be added for Westminster, Step

http://www.ac.wwu.edu/~stephan/Graunt/11-12.html

Carl in Boston   Link to this

the Bells ... the Bells ... the Bells .. says Quasimodo
The story of the bells was beautiful. I passed it on to the right thinking pipe organists North of Boston, some of whom are carilloneurs. It is true that people like loud and brave noises. I played pipe organ last night in a lodge, and they liked the music of Phil Kelsall and music from Star Wars best of all.

Paul Dyson   Link to this

the bells ringing

To see an extended version of the rhyme "Oranges and Lemons" about the bells of London churches, go to the link:
www.rhymes.org.uk/bells-bow.htm

A Cockney is traditionally someone born within the sound of Bow Bells (St Mary-le-Bow)

Andrew Hamilton   Link to this

Bells

Thanks, Rex Gordon, for that delightful account of the sounds of London's bells in the days of Elizabeth and James. At the Washington National Cathedral the bell pullers get together one evening a week (I lived within the sound of its bells) and I understand that visitors may be allowed in to watch.

Robert Gertz   Link to this

"Oranges and lemons say the bells of St. Clemens..."

Though after "1984" who can hear that innocent song without a little chill...

Michael Robinson   Link to this

Issued today,

By the King. A proclamation for recalling and prohibiting sea-men from the services of forreign princes and states.
London : printed by John Bill and Christopher Barker, printers to the Kings most excellent Majesty, 1664.

2 sheets (versos blank) ; obl. 1⁰.
At end of text: Given at our court at Whitehall the 30th day of May, 1664. in the sixteenth year of our reign.

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