Saturday 11 May 1661

This morning I went by water with Payne (Mr. Moore being with me) to my Lord Chamberlain at Whitehall, and there spoke with my Lord, and he did accept of Payne for his waterman, as I had lately endeavoured to get him to be. After that Mr. Cooling did give Payne an order to be entertained, and so I left him and Mr. Moore, and I went to Graye’s Inne, and there to a barber’s, where I was trimmed, and had my haire cut, in which I am lately become a little curious, finding that the length of it do become me very much.

So, calling at my father’s, I went home, and there staid and saw my workmen follow their work, which this night is brought to a very good condition.

This afternoon Mr. Shepley, Moore, and Creed came to me all about their several accounts with me, and we did something with them all, and so they went away. This evening Mr. Hater brought my last quarter’s salary, of which I was very glad, because I have lost my first bill for it, and so this morning was forced to get another signed by three of my fellow officers for it.

All this evening till late setting my accounts and papers in order, and so to bed.

28 Annotations

Bradford   Link to this

"to a barber's, where I was trimmed, and had my haire cut, in which I am lately become a little curious, finding that the length of it do become me very much.”

Curious: several possibilities for the meaning then: “painstaking, careful” or “discriminating” (from the L&M Companion, though citing passages from later years, not this one).

Hic retearius   Link to this

Haircut

A poster observed recently that we don

dirk   Link to this

and had my haire cut (...) finding that the length of it do become me very much

"Vanitas vanitatum et omnia vanitas"
(transl. Vanity of the vanities, and all is vanity)
Eccl. I, 2

On the other hand, some degree of vanity seems not unfitting, considering Sam's recent rise in social status well...

vicente   Link to this

Sounds like our Sam is in the non Chartered Accounts business:
"...This afternoon Mr. Shepley, Moore, and Creed came to me all about their several accounts with me, and we did something with them all, and so they went away..."
"Opinion of Book-keeping's Antiquity," the author states, on the authority of another writer, that the form of book-keeping referred to had then been in use in Italy about two hundred years, "but that the same, or one in many parts very like this, was used in the time of Julius Caesar, and in Rome long before." He gives quotations of Latin book-keeping terms in use in ancient times, and refers to "ex Oratione Ciceronis pro Roscio Comaedo"; and he adds:
"That the one side of their booke was used for Debitor, the other for Creditor, is manifest in a certaine place, Naturalis Historiae Plinii, lib. 2, cap. 7, where hee, speaking of Fortune, saith thus:
Huic Omnia Expensa.
Huic Omnia Feruntur accepta et in tota Ratione mortalium sola
Utramque Paginam facit."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accounting#History

here all expenses,
here all [ I am borne] that i am owed, credit side and in total the calculations, man made and forsaken.
and both sides made [balanced]
The final page to be 'sigh=ned' off.
tis for a Chartered one [or CPA]to correct.

roberto   Link to this

"to a barber's, where I was trimmed, and had my haire cut”

Did he have his beard or mustache trimmed and his hair cut?

Paul Chapin   Link to this

Hic retearius,
Sorry, but I don't know where to find the 'related photo' album, despite having looked in several places. I would like to see the portrait of SP you mention. Can you provide a link? Thanks!

Hic retearius   Link to this

Paul Chapin

Sam in tonsorial glory:

http://www.smartgroups.com/pictures/openpicture...

Mary   Link to this

beard, mustache.

Most men at this time were clean shaven; at least, that was the aim although it appears that a daily shave was not always de rigueur, so there would have been some stubbly chins about.

Despite the fact that Charles II seems to have worn a thin mustache for much of this life, portrait evidence in general indicates that this did not catch on as a widely-followed fashion.

Hic retearius   Link to this

Mary

Ok, how's this, Mary?

http://www.smartgroups.com/pictures/openalbum.c...

Mary   Link to this

'saw my workmen follow their work'

At this point, L&M reads 'fallow their work', but I think that this must be a simple misprint. OED offers no possible application of 'fallow' (normally an agricultural or landscape term) that would make any sense in this passage unless Pepys were having the new staircase stained 'a dull, yellowish brown' which is one adjectival meaning of the word. Even in that case I should expect him to say that it was being painted or stained, rather than 'fallowed'.

Ray Hyde   Link to this

finding that the length of it do become me very much

Is it that Sam had shorter hair in the years leading up to the diary and is gradually transforming himself Cavalier-style now the Roundheads have gone?

Ann   Link to this

As to "curious," I expect its this definitio from OED:

2. Careful as to the standard of excellence; difficult to satisfy; particular; nice, fastidious. Obs. a. esp. in food, clothing, matters of taste.

c1380 WYCLIF Sel. Wks. III. 205 Take meete and drinke in mesure, ne to costli ne to licorouse, and be not to corious eraboute. 1489 CAXTON Faytes of A. I. vii. 17 Not curyous of mygnotes, folyetes ne of iewellis. 1579 LYLY Euphues (Arb.) 118 Be not curious to curle thy haire. a1592 H. SMITH Serm. (1866) II. 329 Christ was not curious in his diet. 1605 CAMDEN Rem. (1637) 285 There was one that was very curious in keeping of his beard. 1781 GIBBON Decl. & F. II. 45 They soon became..curious in their diet and apparel. 1821 SCOTT Kenilw. iii, In arranging which [the hair] men at that time..were very nice and curious.

Todd Bernhardt   Link to this

re: Sam, the modern executive

Hic, you done it! Excellent.

(Oh, and you owe me a new keyboard ... this one is slowly getting ruined by the coffee spewed over it from the spit-take I did when I saw your work :-)

JWB   Link to this

Curious Payne...
Is Payne such good waterman that Sam's reco will win him kudos from Lord Chamberlain, or is Sam working in an agent? How explain two postings on seeming trifle matter?

Ruben   Link to this

Curious Payne- JWB…
I think SP felt something new had happened to him. He was herd and had some influence on such high people like the Lord Chamberlain, not a small achievement for someone like him…and a good reason to put it on paper.

Emilio   Link to this

"fallow their work"

Mary, this is more likely an example of L&M's reconstructed 17th-century spelling, like 'maister', rather than a misprint. Just think of pronouncing the "fa" as in 'fa la la la la'.

vicente   Link to this

Why the favor? Maybe he Knows Paine from some previous time, but also [remotely] because he was short of the Doe Rae Me, and Samuel P. told him he would not regret giving him a free ride to Wesminster. Many have done and some do follow through with these vague promises.[Remember he did short change the cabby at one time]

Glyn   Link to this

Vincent: "Maybe he knows Payne from some previous time." Quite right!

If we refer back to two days ago Pepys writes: "I spoke for my old waterman Payne" So it seems he was helping out an ex-employee

Pauline   Link to this

Why the favor?
Maybe he found Payne to be an excellent fellow and good at his work and is happy to give his career a boost. This is how such hiring is done. The court doesn't have an employment office/human resources department.

Mary   Link to this

Emilio: follow/fallow

I can't find a single instance of 'follow' being rendered 'fallow' in 16th-17th century citations in OED. The verb entered English with a short O (OE folgian) and has hung on to that vowel ever since.

If 'fallow' is not a misprint in L&M, perhaps Pepys himself mis-spelled the shorthand by placing the vowel-marker in the wrong position.

Rich Merne   Link to this

Follow etc.
Why not accept "folow" in that printed form, and then it's sense as, *attend to*, their work. I think this is especially likely since they (the workmen) have not attended to (followed) their work much in his absence.

A. Hamilton   Link to this

Vincent:

I appreciated your comment on Sam's balance sheet work. He does so much of it, and its informative to learn how ancient is double-entry bookkeeping (which I learned as a lad but seldom use).

Linda Camidge   Link to this

Ray, I speak into the ether seven years on - in fact it's a bit of a myth that the Cavaliers had a monopoly on lovely long hair, lact twirls etc, as many portraits show.

Terry Foreman   Link to this

"there staid and saw my workmen fallow their work, which this night is brought to a very good condition."

Did he watch them put it down, let it lie -- it having been finished?

Terry Foreman   Link to this

Did he watch them put it down, let it lie -- it having been finished? Alas, not; it will go on.

Tim   Link to this

Ray, I speak into the ether seven years on - in fact it's a bit of a myth that the Cavaliers had a monopoly on lovely long hair, lact twirls etc, as many portraits show.

Yes- it's more to do with fashion and class than an ideological or religious statement - Under Parliament the richer and more prominent had flowing locks. Quite natural that SP feels the need for his hair to grow along with his status

Bill   Link to this

Tim, The early meme seems to have been that the "parliament-party" had short hair.

Round-Heads [in the time of the civil wars in England] a name given to those of the parliament-party, who generally had their hair cut short.
---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1675.

The Character of a Roundhead. 1641.

What Creature's this with his short Hairs,
His little Band and huge long Ears,
That this new Faith hath founded?
The Puritans were never such,
The Saints themselves, had ne'er so much,
Oh, such a Knave's a Roundhead.
---A collection of loyal songs written against the Rump parliament. 1731.

...yet, at first Interview, he much suspected Mr. Jackson to be a Round-head, observing how little Hair William Penderel's Scissers had left Him; but at last being fully satisfied they were all Cavaliers, he soon laid open his Heart...
---Boscobel. T. Blount, 1725.

The apprentices it seems wore the hair of their head cut round and the queen observing out of a window, Samuel Barnardiston among them, cried out "See what a handsome young Round-head is there" and the name came from thence...
---The History of England. R. de Thoyras, 1759.

More on Roundheads in the encyclopedia: http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/11187/

Chris Squire UK   Link to this

OED has the gen (having no doubt debated this entry at some length, as these issues are as contentious now as in 1641):

‘Roundhead, n. and adj. Originally (in sense A. 1a) with allusion to the Puritan custom of wearing closely cropped hair, as opposed to the long hair typically worn by Royalists; compare quot. 1651 at sense A. 1a. The name appears to have arisen in 1641. Compare quot. 1641, and also the following:

a1690 J. Rushworth Hist. Coll.: Third Pt. (1692) I. 463 The House of Commons met on Monday Dec. 27th. [1641]... There being three or four Gentlemen walking near, one of them named David Hide a Reformado in the late Army against the Scots..began to bussle and said he would cut the Throat of those Round-headed Dogs that bawled against Bishops (which passionate Expressions of his, as far as I could ever learn, was the first minting of that Term . . of Round-heads, which afterwards grew so general).
1702 Clarendon's Hist. Rebellion I. 456 [In the account of the year 1641] And from those contestations the two Terms of Round-Head and Cavalier grew to be received in discourse, and were afterwards continued for the most Succinct distinction of affections throughout the quarrel: They who were looked on as Servants to the King, being then called Cavaliers; and the other of the Rabble contemned, and despised under the names of Round-Heads.

A. n. 1. a. Brit. Hist. Usu. with capital initial. A member or adherent of the Parliamentary party during the English Civil War; = parliamentarian . .
1641 R. Brathwait Mercurius Britanicus iv. sig. D4v, Lord, with what pricked up eares, these round heads harken to their oratour Prinner and admire in hearing him.
. . 1651 W. Lilly Monarchy or no Monarchy 107 The Courtiers againe, wearing long Haire and locks, and alwayes Sworded, at last were called by these men [sc. the Puritans] Cavaliers; and so after this broken language had been used a while, all that adhered unto the Parlament were termed Round-heads; all that tooke part or appeared for his Majestie, Cavaliers, few of the vulgar knowing the sence of the word Cavalier.
. . 1930 W. C. Sellar & R. J. Yeatman 1066 & All That xxxv. 63 We come at last to the Central Period of English History..consisting in the utterly memorable Struggle between the Cavaliers (Wrong but Wromantic) and the Roundheads (Right but Repulsive) . . ‘

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