Turnor was the Speaker of the House of Commons from 1661-73 and also Attorney General to the Duke of York from 1660. He died in 1676.


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Sir Edward Turnor
Died4 March 1676

Sir Edward Turnor or Turnour (1617 – 4 March 1676) of Little Parndon, Essex was a Speaker of the House of Commons of England.[1]

Early life

Edward Turnor was son of Arthur Turnor of Little Parndon. Passing from John Roysse's Free School in Abingdon (now Abingdon School) in 1632 [2][3] to Queen's College, Oxford. He succeeded his father to the estate at Little Parndon in 1651.


Shield of arms displayed at speaker's house.[4]

He became a barrister, called at Middle Temple, and Member of Parliament in turn for Essex (1654–1661) and Hertford (1661–1671). It was while Turnor sat for Hertford that he served as Speaker of the Commons (1661–1671) and Solicitor General (1670–1671). He was knighted in (1660).[1]

According to Geoffrey Robertson (in his book, The Tyrannicide Brief), a "Sir Edward Turner" (sic) was a "Counsel for the Victim" (the Duke of York) in the 1660 regicide trials.[5] Evidence supporting the argument that Robertson misspelt "Turnour" as "Turner" includes the entry for Sir Edward Turnour provided in "The judges of England, from the time of the Conquest" by Edward Foss.

Turnor was one of the judges appointed under the Fire of London Disputes Act 1666 to deal with property disputes arising as a result of the Great Fire of London.[6]

He died on circuit in Bedford on 4 Mar 1676 and was buried at Little Parndon. He had married twice and left 2 sons and 2 daughters.

His son Edward Turnour was MP for Orford, Suffolk, and married Isobel Keith, daughter of William Keith, 6th Earl Marischal.

See also


  1. ^ a b TURNOR, Edward (c. 1617–76) of Little Parndon, Essex.
  2. ^ Preston, Arthur Edwin (1929). St.Nicholas Abingdon and Other Papers, pre isbn. Oxford University Press. p. 347.
  3. ^ Hinde/St John Parker, Thomas/Michael (1977). The Martlet and the Griffen. James and James Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-907-383-777.
  4. ^ "Speaker Turner 1661-1671". Baz Manning. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  5. ^ G. Robertson, The Tyrannicide Brief, (Vintage, ), 291 and 303
  6. ^ 'Book 2, Ch. 15: Cheap Ward', A New History of London: Including Westminster and Southwark (1773), pp. 587–593.

3 Annotations

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

TURNOR, SIR EDWARD (1617 - 1676), judge; entered Queen's College, Oxford, 1632: barrister. Middle Temple, 1640; treasurer, 1662; M.P., Essex; K.C., 1660; knighted, 1660; speaker of the House of Commons, 1661; solicitor-general; lord chief-baron of exchequer, 1670.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Solicitor-general to James, Duke of York, Sir Edward Turnour MP was one of 22 Fire Court judges, responsible for sorting out the legal entanglements for the rebuilding of London. after the Great Fire of 1666. The Fire Court process lasted 10 years, and the judges -- to their great credit -- refused all fees. Because of their work, London was largely rebuilt in that time. For more info., see… for the Fire Courts, and his Parliamentary bio at

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