Husband of Mary.


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Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran, Baron Butler of Cloughgrenan, Viscount Tullough (15 July 1639 – 25 January 1685/1686) was an Irish peer, the fourth son of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde.


He was created Baron Butler of Cloughgrennan, Viscount Tulloogh and Earl of Arran (having purchased the Aran islands) in May 1662 in the Peerage of Ireland[1] In 1673, as a reward for his bravery in the sea fights against the Dutch, he was created Baron Butler of Weston in the Peerage of England. In 1680, when the Catholic nobleman William Howard, 1st Viscount Stafford was tried for high treason in the bogus Popish Plot, Arran was one of 31 peers who voted Stafford not guilty. As the most junior English peer, Arran was the first to cast his vote; his vote of 'not guilty' took some courage, given the prevailing hysteria whipped up against anyone who cast doubt on the veracity of the supposed Plot. However, 55 peers voted Stafford guilty.

Arran was made Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1682 to 1684, whilst his father, the Duke of Ormonde (who was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland), was in London. During this period Arran showed courage and initiative in leading the attempt to extinguish a major fire in Dublin Castle.[2] Arran died of pleurisy in London in January 1686.

His first, childless, marriage was to Mary (1651–1668) daughter of James Stuart, 1st Duke of Richmond. His second marriage was to Dorothy (–1716), daughter of John Ferrers of Tamworth Castle and Anne, daughter of Sir Dudley Carleton. They had four children:[3]

  • James Butler, Lord Tullogh (19 Feb 1674 – October 1676), died in infancy.
  • Thomas Butler, Lord Tullogh (1675 – June 1681), died in infancy.
  • Thomas Butler, Lord Tullogh (16 Mar 1681 – August 1685), died in infancy.
  • Lady Charlotte Butler (1679 – 8 August 1725), his only surviving child and heiress; married Charles, 4th baron Cornwallis.[4] Charlotte was the mother of the first Earl Cornwallis.

As the Earl died without surviving male issue, the titles became extinct. However, they were re-created in 1693 for his nephew Charles Butler, (who was also created Baron Butler of Cloughgrenan and Viscount Tullough).

See also


  1. ^ Lodge, Edmund, "The genealogy of the existing British peerage.", pg 285.
  2. ^ Oxford DNB (2004), Butler, Richard, first earl of Arran.
  3. ^ Richard Butler, 1st and last Earl of Arran in: [retrieved 5 May 2016].
  4. ^ Burke, John, A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerage and baronetage of the British Empire., Vol 1, pg 291.

External links

3 Annotations

jeannine  •  Link

From Grammont's notes

Richard Butler, Earl of Arran, fifth son of James Butler, the first Duke of Ormond. He was born 15th July, 1639, and educated with great care, being taught every thing suitable to his birth, and the great affection his parents had for him. As he grew up, he distinguished himself by a brave and excellent disposition, which determined him to a military life. When the duke, his father, was first made lord-lieutenant of Ireland, after the Restoration, his majesty was pleased, by his letter, dated April 23, 1662, to create Lord Richard, Baron Butler of Cloghgrenan, Viscount Tullogh, in the county of Catherlough, and Earl of Arran, with remainder to his brother. In September, 1664, he married Lady Mary Stuart, only surviving daughter of James Duke of Richmond and Lennox, by Mary, the only daughter of the great Duke of Buckingham, who died in July, 1667, at the age of eighteen, and was interred at Kilkenny. He distinguished himself in reducing the mutineers at Carrick-Fergus, and behaved with great courage in the famous sea-fight with the Dutch, in 1673. In August that year, he was created Baron Butler of Weston, in the county of Huntingdon. He married, in the preceding June, Dorothy, daughter of John Ferrars, of Tamworth Castle, in Warwickshire, Esq. In 1682, he was constituted lord-deputy of Ireland, upon his father's going over to England, and held that office until August, 1684, when the duke returned. In the year 1686, he died at London, and was interred in Westminster-abbey, leaving an only daughter, Charlotte, who was married to Charles Lord Cornwallis. see note 48

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

The House of Commons have this to say about Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran:

Richard Butler was brought up with Ossory, his other brothers having died young, but he shared few of his accomplishments and virtues.

Although ‘singularly adroit in all kinds of exercises’, notably tennis and the guitar, his amorous and alcoholic proclivities made him a symbol of ‘the baseness and looseness of the Court’.

Richard Butler was returned for Wells at the general election of 1661 as a compliment to his father, who was lord lieutenant of Somerset, and became the first member of his family to sit in the Lower House at Westminster. But he was not an active Member of the Cavalier Parliament, in which he acted as teller in five divisions but was appointed to only 20 committees. Most of them, including that for the uniformity bill, were in the first session, before he was made Earl of Arran (cr. Earl of Arran 13 May 1662) and given Irish appointments worth £5,000 p.a. according to report.

Richard Butler, Earl of Arran was listed as a court dependant in 1664 and as a government supporter in both lists of 1669-71.

Arran's first marriage was to ‘a lady of extraordinary quality ... that might have been made a wife for the King himself’, while his second wife, besides her portion, had prospects of an estate of £3,000 after the death of her father and her sickly young brother.

m. (1) 13 Sept. 1664 (with £20,000), Mary (d. 4 July 1668), suo jure Baroness Clifton of Leighton Bromswold, da. of James, 1st Duke of Richmond, and heir to her bro. Esmé, 2nd Duke, s.p.;

m. (2) June 1673 (with £12,000), Dorothy (d. 30 Nov. 1716), da. and heir of John Ferrers of Tamworth Castle, Warws., 2s. d.v.p. 2da.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.