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Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 4th Baronet (21 July 1632 – 9 January 1689)[1] was an English politician and baronet.

Born at Fyling Hall, near Whitby in Yorkshire, he was the second son of Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 1st Baronet and his wife Elizabeth Twysden, daughter of Sir William Twysden, 1st Baronet and Anne Finch.[2] Cholmeley succeeded his nephew as baronet in 1665.[3] and was afterwards appointed Governor of Tangier in Morocco by King Charles II of England.[4] From February to August 1679, he was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Northampton,[5] and from 1685 to 1687 for Thirsk.[6]

On 19 February 1665, Cholmeley married Lady Anne Compton, oldest daughter of Spencer Compton, 2nd Earl of Northampton and Mary Beaumont at Hamerton in Huntingdonshire.[2] They had a daughter, but no son, so with his death the baronetcy became extinct.[4]

Cholmeley was described by Samuel Pepys, as a 'fine, worthy and well-disposed gentleman' with a seeming frustration for the Monarchy. In 1663, in partnership with John Lawson and the Earl of Teviot, then governor of Tangier, he set about the building of a mole harbour, of which he became ultimately the sole contractor. He based the construction in Tangier, on his experiences with the pier at Whitby.


  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment - Baronetage". Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 14 April 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  2. ^ a b "ThePeerage - Sir Hugh Cholmeley, 4th Bt". Retrieved 13 January 2009.
  3. ^ Courthope, William (1835). Synopsis of the Extinct Baronetage of England. London: G. Woodfall. p. 43.
  4. ^ a b Burke, John; Burke, John Bernhard (1841). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scotland (2nd ed.). London: Scott, Webster, and Geary. p. 114.
  5. ^ "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Northampton". Archived from the original on 20 December 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  6. ^ "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Thirsk". Archived from the original on 10 August 2009. Retrieved 14 April 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)

7 Annotations

First Reading

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
Cholmley, Sir Hugh, 4th Bt (1632-89). Engineer; son of Sir Hugh Cholmley of Whitby, Yorks. Having established his reputation in the construction of Whitby pier, he was given charge in 1663 of the building of the mole at Tangier. He and his wife (Lady Anne Compton, daughter of the 2nd Earl of Northampton) lived there at intervals until he was replaced by Sheeres as Surveyor-General of the project in 1676. Pepys had a high regard for him but preferred Sheeres's method of constructing the mole. From c. 1662 he was First Gentleman-Usher to the Queen--hence his flow of information about the court--and in parliament in 1679 and 1685 proved to be a loyal but not uncritical opponent of exclusion. His personal papers are impressively tidy and welll-ordered, and his account of his Tangier career (published in 1787) very readable.

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

Hugh Cholmeley, afterwards the third baronet of that name; he was the second son of Sir Hugh Cholmeley, of Whitby (governor of Scarborough for Charles I.), whose autobiography has been printed. This Hugh succeed his nephew of the same name, who died minor in June, 1665, after which date Pepys speaks of him by his title. In February, 1666, he married Lady Anne Compton, eldest daughter of Spencer, Earl of Northampton. He was afterwards, for some years, governor of Tangier, of which he published an account. He died 9th January, 1688. He was descended from younger branch of that great family of Egertons and Cholmondeleys, of all of whom Sir Philip Grey Egerton is the head.
---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Sir Hugh Cholmley would eventually have a family connection with Pepys, via his cousin Jane. Her eldest son, Charles Turner (brother of the precocious Theophila), married Cholmley's niece Margaret. Their eldest son, Cholmley Turner, became the heir of his great uncle, Alderman Sir William Turner, Lord Mayor of London (1668-69) who died without issue in 1693.
(Sir William, Jane's brother-in-law, was first mentioned in the diaries as "Mr Turner the draper".)


To my knowledge, Sam never mentions his kinship with William Turner in the diary, but it's a matter of public record that John, Jane's husband, was his brother. The connection is easily traceable because both were born at Kirkleatham in North Yorkshire.…

Sasha Clarkson  •  Link

Pepys' Sir Hugh, 4th baronet, succeeded his eponymous nephew, Sir Hugh Cholmley (1662 - 1665)), 3rd baronet, son of Sir William Cholmley (1625-1663).

It was Sir William's daughter Margaret who married Charles Turner, son of Pepys' cousin Jane Turner.…

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

From LAWSON LIES STILL IN THE THAMES by Gill Blanchard, Amberley Publishing 2017, ISBN 978 1 4456 6123 pages 31-33 - 161-165 - 189:

Vice Admiral Sir John Lawson probably had a tense relationship with Sir Hugh Chomley Jr. at the beginning of their task building The Mole at Tangier. Background:

Sir Hugh Chomley Sr. knew Captain John Lawson during the First Civil War, when they protected Scarborough together for Parliament -- but in March, 1643 Chomley unexpectedly defected to King Charles.

Chomley Sr.'s double-dealings continued, and he omits nearly all mention of his Parliamentary career in his memoirs, instead blaming Parliament for changing the rationale for war, failing to resupply him, and dishonoring his name.

Fast forward to 1662, and Hugh Chomley Jr. arrives in Tangier to work on The Mole.
Vice Admiral John Lawson, Rear Admiral Sir Richard Stayner, and Sir Edward Mongagu, Earl of Sandwich are rebuilding and expanding the town, and had streets named after them.

York Castle and Whitby Fort were probably named for Chomley Jr. and his experienced miners and construction men who traveled through France and Spain from Yorkshire to get to Tangier.

Until now Admiral John Lawson had been unforgiving towards people who had betrayed The Cause. Now he had to work with the son of someone he had frequently dismissed as treacherous.

They must have grown to like and respect each other. Upon hearing of Vice Admiral Sir John Lawson's death, the now Sir Hugh Chomley said it was a great loss to the nation, but also to himself of a powerful, intelligent and worthy partner in their endeavor, and his dear friend.

In Sir John Lawson's will he asked Sir Hugh Chomley to give the Lawson family whatever consideration he wished for the value of the equipment, boats and material Lawson had invested in The Mole. A few months later Sir Hugh Chomley wrote the widowed Lady Isabelle saying that, much as he had affection for Sir John, he would have to take legal action if Lawson's executors didn't reimburse him for the money owed for their joint Tangier endeavors, and attached detailed accounts.

We do not know the resolution of this dispute, but when Sir Hugh Chomley later met with Pepys there was no mention of this disagreement.

Sir Hugh Chomley Jr. omits all mention of Sir John Lawson in his memoir of Tangier and building The Mole. The son must have learned his memoir-writing skills from his father.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.