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Wikipedia

This text was copied from Wikipedia on 16 November 2018 at 6:01AM.

A mounted officer of the City of London Police entering Paternoster Row in November 2004.

Paternoster Row was a street in the City of London that was a centre of the London publishing trade,[1][2] with booksellers operating from the street.[3] In 1819 Paternoster Row was described as "almost synonymous" with the book trade.[4]

The street is supposed to have received its name from the fact that, when the monks and clergy of St Paul's Cathedral would go in procession chanting the great litany, they would recite the Lord's Prayer (Pater Noster being its opening line in Latin) in the litany along this part of the route. The prayers said at these processions may have also given the names to nearby Ave Maria Lane and Amen Corner. An alternative etymology is the early traders who sold a type of prayer bead known as a "pater noster".

A bust of Aldus Manutius, writer and publisher, above the fascia of number 13.[5] The bust was placed there in 1820 by Bible publisher Samuel Bagster.[6]

It was reported that Charlotte Bronte and Ann Bronte stayed at the Chapter Coffeehouse on the street when visiting London in 1847. They were in the city to meet their publisher regarding Jayne Eyre.[7]

A fire broke out at number 20 Paternoster Row on 6 February 1890. Occupied by music publisher Fredrick Pitman, the first floor was found to be on fire by a police officer at 21.30. The fire alarm at St. Martain's-le-Grand and fire crews extinguished the flames in half an hour. The floor was badly damaged, with smoke, heat and water impacting the rest of the building.[8]

This blaze was followed later the same year on 5 October by 'an alarming fire'. At 00.30 a fire was discovered at W. Hawtin and Sons, based in numbers 24 and 25. The wholesale stationers' warehouse was badly damaged by the blaze.[9]

On 21 November 1894 police raided an alleged gambling club which was based on the first floor of 59 Paternoster Row. The club know both as the 'City Billiard Club' and the 'Junior Gresham Club' had been there barely 3 weeks at the time of the raid. Forty-five arrests were made, including club owner Albert Cohen.[10]

On 4 November 1939 a large scale civil defence exercise was held in the City of London. One of the simulated seats of fire was in Paternoster Row.[11]

Trübner & Co. was one of the publishing companies on Paternoster Row. The street was devastated by aerial bombardment during the Blitz of World War II, suffering particularly heavy damage in the night raid of 29–30 December 1940, later characterised as the Second Great Fire of London, during which an estimated 5 million books were lost in the fires caused by tens of thousands of incendiary bombs.[12]

After the raid a letter was written to The Times describing 'a passage leading through "Simpkins" [which] has a mantle of stone which has survived the melancholy ruins around it. On this stone is the Latin inscription that seems to embody all that we are fighting for :- VERBUM DOMINI MANET IN AETERNUM' [The word of God remains forever].[13]

Another correspondent with the newspaper, Ernest W. Larby, described his experience of 25 years working on Paternoster Row -[14]

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...had he [Lord Quickswood] worked for 25 years, as I did, in Paternoster Row, he would not have quite so much enthusiasm for those narrow ways into whose buildings the sun never penetrated... What these dirty, narrow ways of the greatest city in the world really stood for from the people's viewpoint are things we had better bury.

— Ernest W. Larby

The ruins of Paternoster Road were visited by Wendell Wilkie in January 1941. He said, "I thought that the burning of Paternoster Row, the street where the books are published, was rather symbolic. They [the Germans] have destroyed the place where the truth is told".[15]

In 2003 the street was replaced with Paternoster Square, the modern home of the London Stock Exchange, although a City of London Corporation road sign remains in the square near where Paternoster Row once stood.

Printers and booksellers based in Paternoster Row

Title page of An Essay on the Management of the Present War with Spain printed for T. Cooper at The Globe

Note: Before c. 1762 premises in London had signs rather than numbers.

  • The Tyger's Head - Christopher and Robert Barker (1545-1629)[16]
  • The Star - Henry Denham (1564)[17]
  • The Globe – T. Cooper (1740)[18]
  • The Ship (later 38-41) William Taylor (1719), before him J. Taylor (1710 -1719), his father, subsequently Longmans (see no 39).[19]
  • The Black Swan William Taylor, before him possibly J. Taylor, his father, subsequently Longmans (see no 39).
  • The Crown T Rickerton (1721)[20]

Others based in Paternoster Row

  • No. 60 – Friendly Female Society, "for indigent widows and single women of good character, entirely under the management of ladies."[27]

In popular culture

  • The Paternoster Gang are a trio of Victorian detectives aligned with the Doctor in the television series Doctor Who, so named because they are based in Paternoster Row.
  • In the episode "Young England" of the 2016 television series Victoria, a stalker of Queen Victoria indicates that he lives on Paternoster Row. (Coincidentally, the actress playing Victoria in the series, Jenna Coleman, had appeared in several episodes of Doctor Who that featured the aforementioned Paternoster Gang.)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Districts – Streets – Paternoster Row". Victorian London. Retrieved 2016-11-19..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ James Raven. The business of books: booksellers and the English Book Trade. 2007
  3. ^ "Paternoster Row". Old and New London: Volume 1. 1878. pp. 274–281.
  4. ^ A Pictorial and Descriptive Guide to London and Its Environs: With Two Large Section Plans of Central London... Ward, Lock & Company, Limited. 1819.
  5. ^ "Aldus In The City". The Times (48522). 25 January 1940. p. 4.
  6. ^ "Aldus in the City". The Times (48524). 27 January 1940. p. 4.
  7. ^ "News in Brief - Charlotte Bronte in London". The Times (41152). 27 April 1916. p. 9.
  8. ^ "Fire". The Times (32929). 7 February 1890. p. 7.
  9. ^ "Paternoser-row, City". The Times (33135). 6 October 1890. p. 6.
  10. ^ "Raid on City "Club"". The Times (34428). 22 November 1894. p. 11.
  11. ^ ""Great Fire" Of London". The Times (48455). 6 November 1939. p. 3.
  12. ^ "London Blitz — 29th December 1940 | Iconic Photos". Iconicphotos.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  13. ^ "Verbum Domini". The Times (48839). 1 February 1941. p. 5.
  14. ^ "Sir,-It is with some diffidence that I com-". The Times (49395). 17 November 1942. p. 5.
  15. ^ "Ministers Greet Mr. Willkie". The Times (48835). 28 January 1941. p. 4.
  16. ^ A Dictionary of Printers and Printing.
  17. ^ Notes and Queries.
  18. ^ An Impartial Hand (1740). An Essay on the Management of the Present War with Spain. T. Cooper.
  19. ^ Publication (1906). London Topographical Record. 3. London Topographical Society. p. 159.
  20. ^ Notes and Queries.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h The British Metropolis in 1851
  22. ^ a b Glasse, Hannah; Maria Wilson (1800). The Complete Confectioner; or, Housekeeper's Guide: To a simple and speedy method of understanding the whole ART OF CONFECTIONARY. London, United Kingdom: West and Hughes. Printed by J. W. Myers, No. 2, Paternoster-row, London, for West and Hughes, No. 40, Paternoster-row.
  23. ^ The Athenaeum: Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music and the Drama. 1838. p. 846.
  24. ^ Church of England Temperance Tracts, no. 19, 1876
  25. ^ The Secret History of the Court of England from the Commencement of 1750 to the Reign of William the Fourth. W. Brittain. 1840. p. frontispiece.
  26. ^ The London catalogue of periodicals, newspapers and transactions of various societies with a list of metropolitan printing societies and clubs. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. 1856. p. 3, of wrapper.
  27. ^ a b c John Feltham (1825). The picture of London, enlarged and improved (23rd ed.). Longman, Hust, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green. p. iv.
  28. ^ Notes and Queries, 1870, p240
  29. ^ Practical CARPENTRY, JOINERY and CABINET MAKING. Thomas Kelly. 1 July 1840.
  30. ^ The World's Paper Trade Review, 13 May 1904, p. 38
  31. ^ Plain truth : or, an impartial account of the proceedings at Paris during the last nine months. Containing, Among other interesting Anecdotes, a particular statement of the memorable tenth of August, and third of September. By an eye witness.. 1792.
  32. ^ a b The Examiner. John Hunt. 1857. p. 336.
  33. ^ William Fox, Robert Raikes (1831). Memoir of W. Fox, Esq., founder of the Sunday-School Society: comprising the history of the origin ... of that ... institution, with correspondence ... between W. Fox, Esq. and R. Raikes, etc. Joseph Ivimey (editor). George Wightman.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  34. ^ Augustus De Morgan (1837). Elements of algebra, preliminary to the differential calculus. p. 255.
  35. ^ C. D. Yonge (1902). Gradus Ad Parnassum. London, New York and Bombay: Longmans, Green, and Co. p. title.
  36. ^ Henry Benjamin Wheatley (1891). London Past and Present: Its History, Associations, and Traditions. pp. 37–39.
  37. ^ Literary Blunders
  38. ^ Thornbury, Walter (1878). 'Paternoster Row', in Old and New London. Volume 1. London, United Kingdom. pp. 274–281. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  39. ^ "Thomas Bonnar: Overview of Thomas Bonnar". Scottish-places.info. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
  40. ^ George Alexander Stevens (1771). The Choice Spirit's Chaplet: Or, a Poesy from Parnassus. Being a Select Collection of Songs, from the Most Approved Authors ; Many of Them Written and the Whole Compiled by George Alexander Stevens, Esq. John Dunn; and sold by Messrs. Hawes, Clarke, and Collins, London. pp. Title page.
  41. ^ Zachary Grey (1740). A Vindication of the Government, Doctrine, and Worship, of the Church of England: Established in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth. C. Davis, in Pater-Noster-Row.
  42. ^ a b Herbert Fry (1880), "Paternoster Row", London in 1880, London: David Bogue

Further reading

Coordinates: 51°30′53″N 0°5′53″W / 51.51472°N 0.09806°W / 51.51472; -0.09806

1893 text

Paternoster Row, now famous as the headquarters of the publishing houses, was at this time chiefly inhabited by mercers. “This street, before the Fire of London, was taken up by eminent Mercers, Silkmen and Lacemen; and their shops were so resorted to by the nobility and gentry in their coaches, that oft times the street was so stop’d up that there was no passage for foot passengers” (Strype’s “Stow,” book iii., p. 195)


This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

8 Annotations

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
A 'very considerable' street, famous for its mercers. When Pepys bought 'things' there (iii.65, v.145) he would be buying at the silk and lace shops.

djc  •  Link

West from Cheapside, to Warwick Lane and Ave Maria Lane . In Farringdon Ward Within and Castle Baynard Ward.

Pedro  •  Link


Paternoster Row.

Although a little later than Sam's time the Book of Days says of the Lord Mayor's Show...

Royalty generally viewed the show from a balcony at the corner of Paternoster Row, as depicted in the concluding plate of Hogarth's 'Industry and Idleness,' which gives a vivid picture of this 'gaudy day' in the city. Afterwards Mr. Barclay's house, opposite Bow Church, was chosen for the same purpose.

For the plate...

http://www.lordmayorsshow.org/visitors/history/...

Pedro  •  Link

More from the Book of Days on Paternoster Row...

Ave-Maria Lane, Creed Lane, and Paternoster Row, were occupied principally by the writers and publishers of books containing the alphabet, ayes, creeds, and paternosters.

In the Augustan age of Queen Anne, the passion for collecting old books and manuscripts began to develop itself among the nobility. Among the most noted bibliophilists of the aristocracy were the Duke of Devonshire, and the Earls of Oxford, Pembroke, Sunderland, and Winchelsea. A favorite Saturday pastime of these noblemen was to make their rounds through the various nooks of the city in which booksellers congregated, and then reassemble at noon at the shop of Christopher Bateman, a bookseller in Paternoster Row. About this time, Thomas Britton would make his appearance, having finished his round, and, depositing his sack of small-coal on the ledge of Mr. Bateman's window, would go in and join the distinguished company. Here his skill in old books and manuscripts was no less conspicuous than the correctness of his musical taste, and rendered him a most useful acquisition.

Mary  •  Link

Mercers in the vicinity of St. Paul's.

As noted a couple of years ago, there was a shop (Nicholson's?) that sold fabric, haberdashery etc. in St. Paul's Churchyard well into the 20th century. I recall being taken there as a child to choose fabric for a dressing-gown in the 1950s.

s scully  •  Link

My grandmother actually worked at Nicholsons. I remember going there once and that she retired in the 50,s from there.

Bill  •  Link

Paternoster Row was so named in the 13th century, long before any stationer settled in it. There can be no doubt that it was called Paternoster Row, as Mr. Riley observes, "from its being the residence of the trade of Paternostrers, or makers of paternosters, or prayer-beads, for the use probably, more especially, of the worshippers at St. Paul's." "Paternostrer" often occurs as a designation in City archives of the 13th and 14th centuries, and there is a record in 1374 of a devise of his premises in Paternoster Row, by "Richard Russell, paternostrer."
---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1660

1661

  • Oct

1662

1663

1664

  • Apr
  • May
  • Oct

1665

1666