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This text was copied from Wikipedia on 20 June 2018 at 6:01AM.

A mounted officer of the City of London Police entering Paternoster Row in November 2004.

Paternoster Row was a street in the City of London that is supposed to have received its name from the fact that, when the monks and clergy of St Paul's Cathedral would go in procession chanting the great litany, they would recite the Lord's Prayer (Pater Noster being its opening line in Latin) in the litany along this part of the route. The prayers said at these processions may have also given the names to nearby Ave Maria Lane and Amen Corner. An alternative etymology is the early traders who sold a type of prayer bead known as a "pater noster".

The area was a centre of the London publishing trade,[1][2] with booksellers operating from the street.[3] In 1819 Paternoster Row was described as "almost synonymous" with the book trade.[4]

Trübner & Co. was one of the publishing companies on Paternoster Row. The street was devastated by aerial bombardment during the Blitz of World War II, suffering particularly heavy damage in the night raid of 29–30 December 1940, later characterised as the Second Great Fire of London, during which an estimated 5 million books were lost in the fires caused by tens of thousands of incendiary bombs.[5]

In 2003 the street was replaced with Paternoster Square, the modern home of the London Stock Exchange, although a City of London Corporation road sign remains in the square near where Paternoster Row once stood.

Printers and booksellers based in Paternoster Row

Title page of An Essay on the Management of the Present War with Spain printed for T. Cooper at The Globe

Note: Before c. 1762 premises in London had signs rather than numbers.

Others based in Paternoster Row

  • No. 60 – Friendly Female Society, "for indigent widows and single women of good character, entirely under the management of ladies."[13]

In popular culture

  • The Paternoster Gang are a trio of Victorian detectives aligned with the Doctor in the television series Doctor Who, so named because they are based in Paternoster Row.
  • In the episode "Young England" of the 2016 television series Victoria, a stalker of Queen Victoria indicates that he lives on Paternoster Row. (Coincidentally, the actress playing Victoria in the series, Jenna Coleman, had appeared in several episodes of Doctor Who that featured the aforementioned Paternoster Gang.)

See also


  1. ^ "Districts – Streets – Paternoster Row". Victorian London. Retrieved 2016-11-19. 
  2. ^ James Raven. The business of books: booksellers and the English Book Trade. 2007
  3. ^ "Paternoster Row". Old and New London: Volume 1. 1878. pp. 274–281. 
  4. ^ A Pictorial and Descriptive Guide to London and Its Environs: With Two Large Section Plans of Central London... Ward, Lock & Company, Limited. 1819. 
  5. ^ "London Blitz — 29th December 1940 | Iconic Photos". Retrieved 2016-11-19. 
  6. ^ An Impartial Hand (1740). An Essay on the Management of the Present War with Spain. T. Cooper. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h The British Metropolis in 1851
  8. ^ a b Glasse, Hannah; Maria Wilson (1800). The Complete Confectioner; or, Housekeeper's Guide: To a simple and speedy method of understanding the whole ART OF CONFECTIONARY. London, United Kingdom: West and Hughes. Printed by J. W. Myers, No. 2, Paternoster-row, London, for West and Hughes, No. 40, Paternoster-row. 
  9. ^ The Athenaeum: Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music and the Drama. 1838. p. 846. 
  10. ^ Church of England Temperance Tracts, no. 19, 1876
  11. ^ The Secret History of the Court of England from the Commencement of 1750 to the Reign of William the Fourth. W. Brittain. 1840. p. frontispiece. 
  12. ^ The London catalogue of periodicals, newspapers and transactions of various societies with a list of metropolitan printing societies and clubs. Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. 1856. p. 3, of wrapper. 
  13. ^ a b c John Feltham (1825). The picture of London, enlarged and improved (23rd ed.). Longman, Hust, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green. p. iv. 
  14. ^ Practical CARPENTRY, JOINERY and CABINET MAKING. Thomas Kelly. July 1, 1840. 
  15. ^ The World's Paper Trade Review, May 13, 1904, p. 38
  16. ^ Plain truth : or, an impartial account of the proceedings at Paris during the last nine months. Containing, Among other interesting Anecdotes, a particular statement of the memorable tenth of August, and third of September. By an eye witness.. 1792. 
  17. ^ a b The Examiner. John Hunt. 1857. p. 336. 
  18. ^ William Fox, Robert Raikes (1831). Memoir of W. Fox, Esq., founder of the Sunday-School Society: comprising the history of the origin ... of that ... institution, with correspondence ... between W. Fox, Esq. and R. Raikes, etc. Joseph Ivimey (editor). George Wightman. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  19. ^ Augustus De Morgan (1837). Elements of algebra, preliminary to the differential calculus. p. 255. 
  20. ^ C. D. Yonge (1902). Gradus Ad Parnassum. London, New York and Bombay: Longmans, Green, and Co. p. title. 
  21. ^ Henry Benjamin Wheatley (1891). London Past and Present: Its History, Associations, and Traditions. pp. 37–39. 
  22. ^ Literary Blunders
  23. ^ Thornbury, Walter (1878). 'Paternoster Row', in Old and New London. Volume 1. London, United Kingdom. pp. 274–281. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  24. ^ "Thomas Bonnar: Overview of Thomas Bonnar". Retrieved 2016-11-19. 
  25. ^ George Alexander Stevens (1771). The Choice Spirit's Chaplet: Or, a Poesy from Parnassus. Being a Select Collection of Songs, from the Most Approved Authors ; Many of Them Written and the Whole Compiled by George Alexander Stevens, Esq. John Dunn; and sold by Messrs. Hawes, Clarke, and Collins, London. pp. Title page. 
  26. ^ Zachary Grey (1740). A Vindication of the Government, Doctrine, and Worship, of the Church of England: Established in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth. C. Davis, in Pater-Noster-Row. 
  27. ^ a b Herbert Fry (1880), "Paternoster Row", London in 1880, London: David Bogue 

Further reading

  • John Wallis (1814), "Paternoster Row", London: being a complete guide to the British capital (4th ed.), London: Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, OCLC 35294736 
  • Henry Benjamin Wheatley (2011) [1891]. "Paternoster Row". London Past and Present: Its History, Associations, and Traditions. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-02808-0. 

Coordinates: 51°30′53″N 0°5′53″W / 51.51472°N 0.09806°W / 51.51472; -0.09806

1893 text

Paternoster Row, now famous as the headquarters of the publishing houses, was at this time chiefly inhabited by mercers. “This street, before the Fire of London, was taken up by eminent Mercers, Silkmen and Lacemen; and their shops were so resorted to by the nobility and gentry in their coaches, that oft times the street was so stop’d up that there was no passage for foot passengers” (Strype’s “Stow,” book iii., p. 195)

This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

8 Annotations

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
A 'very considerable' street, famous for its mercers. When Pepys bought 'things' there (iii.65, v.145) he would be buying at the silk and lace shops.

djc  •  Link

West from Cheapside, to Warwick Lane and Ave Maria Lane . In Farringdon Ward Within and Castle Baynard Ward.

Pedro  •  Link

Paternoster Row.

Although a little later than Sam's time the Book of Days says of the Lord Mayor's Show...

Royalty generally viewed the show from a balcony at the corner of Paternoster Row, as depicted in the concluding plate of Hogarth's 'Industry and Idleness,' which gives a vivid picture of this 'gaudy day' in the city. Afterwards Mr. Barclay's house, opposite Bow Church, was chosen for the same purpose.

For the plate...

Pedro  •  Link

More from the Book of Days on Paternoster Row...

Ave-Maria Lane, Creed Lane, and Paternoster Row, were occupied principally by the writers and publishers of books containing the alphabet, ayes, creeds, and paternosters.

In the Augustan age of Queen Anne, the passion for collecting old books and manuscripts began to develop itself among the nobility. Among the most noted bibliophilists of the aristocracy were the Duke of Devonshire, and the Earls of Oxford, Pembroke, Sunderland, and Winchelsea. A favorite Saturday pastime of these noblemen was to make their rounds through the various nooks of the city in which booksellers congregated, and then reassemble at noon at the shop of Christopher Bateman, a bookseller in Paternoster Row. About this time, Thomas Britton would make his appearance, having finished his round, and, depositing his sack of small-coal on the ledge of Mr. Bateman's window, would go in and join the distinguished company. Here his skill in old books and manuscripts was no less conspicuous than the correctness of his musical taste, and rendered him a most useful acquisition.

Mary  •  Link

Mercers in the vicinity of St. Paul's.

As noted a couple of years ago, there was a shop (Nicholson's?) that sold fabric, haberdashery etc. in St. Paul's Churchyard well into the 20th century. I recall being taken there as a child to choose fabric for a dressing-gown in the 1950s.

s scully  •  Link

My grandmother actually worked at Nicholsons. I remember going there once and that she retired in the 50,s from there.

Bill  •  Link

Paternoster Row was so named in the 13th century, long before any stationer settled in it. There can be no doubt that it was called Paternoster Row, as Mr. Riley observes, "from its being the residence of the trade of Paternostrers, or makers of paternosters, or prayer-beads, for the use probably, more especially, of the worshippers at St. Paul's." "Paternostrer" often occurs as a designation in City archives of the 13th and 14th centuries, and there is a record in 1374 of a devise of his premises in Paternoster Row, by "Richard Russell, paternostrer."
---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.



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