Richard Lower (1631 – 17 January 1691) was a British physician who played an important part in the development of medical science. He is most remembered for his works on transfusion and the function of the cardiopulmonary system (Tractatus de Corde).
Richard Lower was educated at Christ-church in Oxford, under Dr. Thomas Willis, of whom he learned to be an excellent anatomist; and that great physician is said to have learnt several things from him. Upon the death of Dr. Willis, he succeeded to a great part of his practice, and was in as high repute as any physician in London. He was the first discoverer of Astrop Wells, which were formerly much frequented. He was author of several medical pieces, of which Mr. Wood has given us a catalogue. But his capital work is his book "De Corde," which has been often printed. In this book, he lays claim to the invention of transfusing the blood, to which Francis Potter, a native of Mere in Wiltshire, had certainly a prior right. Dr. Lower's name has been impudently affixed to several vile nostrums fold in the shops.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1775.
Richard Lower MD FRS and physician to Charles II was a Cornishman who was educated at Westminster School with John Locke, and got to know Robert Boyle and Thomas Wills while studying at Oxford.
Lower was fired by James II because he was a proclaimed Protestant and a Whig.
In the Diary we know him as assisting Dr. King with the Royal Society's blood transfusion experiments.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.