6 Annotations

First Reading

JWB  •  Link

"During the weeks that the Dutch fleet was in repair, Admiral Robert Holmes, aided by the Dutch traitor Laurens van Heemskerck, penetrated the Vlie estuary, burnt a fleet of 150 merchants (Holmes's Bonfire# and sacked the town of Ter Schelling #the present West-Terschelling) on the Frisian island of Terschelling."

'Wind Machines – Age of Sail'


Second Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Dutch Captain: Laurens van Heemskerck
Laurens van Heemskerck had served the Admiralty of the Maze (Rotterdam) prior to defecting to the English. Reportedly, he might have been shot if he had not defected. In 1659, he had commanded the Klein Hollandia (48 guns) in De Ruyter's fleet that was sent to the Baltic. He fought at the Battle of Lowestoft, where he commanded the Rotterdam ship Vrede (40 guns). He was assigned to Cornelis Eversen the Elder's squadron. He was courtmartialed after the battle for insubordination and eventually fled the country. In July 1666, he finally defected to the English, taking with him a list of ships lost at the Four Days Battle. He eventually was knighted by King Charles II. After the St. James's Day Battle on 25 July 1666, he guided Sir Robert Holmes in the attack on Terschelling. He had one command in the English service. In 1668, he was appointed captain of the Nonsuch. http://17th-centurynavwargaming.b…

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

From Clarendon's letter:

"On conference with M. la Fond, the magistrates brought me to the castle of the Duke of Bouillon, and placed a guard for my defence."

Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duke of Bouillon (21 June 1636 – 26 July 1721), oldest brother of the great Marshal of France, Turenne.

Presumably Clarendon and his protector, la Fond, were taken to:

The Château de Navarre was a château near Évreux in Normandy. The medieval structure was built for Queen Joan II of Navarre and later came into the possession of the House of La Tour d'Auvergne.
In 1750 a new Chateau was built, possibly incorporating part of the medieval structure and two towers dating from the 17th century. The chateau was built surrounded by a moat on marshy land in the forest of Evreux, being part of the principality of Bearn.

Clarendon was staying in a chateau owned by one of the most noble and well-connected families in France. The Duchess of Bouillion was Marie Anne Mancini, the youngest niece of Cardinal Mazarin and one of the Mazarinettes.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Realizing my midnight error, I posted this in the right place as well as here, where it makes no sense at all. My apologies.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

After the Diary:

The renegade Dutchman, Capt. Laurens van Heemskerck afterwards fell into great poverty in England, and was evicted from his house for non-payment of rent; upon which he petitioned Charles II for some reward for his services, stating that, but for the great goodness of Prince Rupert, his wife and children must inevitably have starved.[46]
[46] D.S.P. 1670. Chas. II 281 a 173.


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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.