3 Annotations

First Reading

Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
Joyce, William and Anthony. Tallow chandlers. They were brothers who had married sisters: Mary and Kate Fenner respectively (cousins of Pepys). The whole 'crew' were among Pepys's least congenial relatives....

...His brother Anthony was less successful and according to Pepys was fit for no employment. He owned several houses....and in 1668 died after attempting to drown himself....

cgs  •  Link


[ME. chaundeler, chandeler, a. AF. chandeler, OF. chandelier (= Pr. candelier, It. candelliere):{em}L. type candel(l){amac}rius, f. candel(l)a CANDLE.]
1611 COTGR., Chandelier..a Chaundler, or *Candle-maker, or Candle-seller.

2. One whose trade it is to make or sell candles. (Also TALLOW-CHANDLER, WAX-CHANDLER.)

A candle made of tallow.
s. 1660 BOYLE New Exp. Phys. Mech. x. 74 We took a Tallow-Candle of such a size that eight of them make about a pound.
One whose trade is to make or sell tallow candles.

3. In extended sense: a. A retail dealer in provisions, groceries, etc.: often somewhat contemptuous. b. in comb. = dealer, trader, as in CORN-CHANDLER, SHIP-CHANDLER.

1583 STUBBES Anat. Abus. II. 49 Theod. Be there any Chandlers there?.. What do they sell for the most part? Amphil. Almost all things, as namelie butter, cheese, fagots, pots, pannes, candles, and a thousand other trinkets besides.

1664 G. ETHEREGE Love in Tub I. ii. (1723) 13 This morning the Chandler refus'd to score a quart of Scurvy-grass.

1. a. The fat or adipose tissue of an animal, esp. that which yields the substance described in 2; suet.
{alpha} 1382

2. A substance consisting of a somewhat hard animal fat (esp. that obtained from the parts about the kidneys of ruminating animals, now chiefly the sheep and ox), separated by melting and clarifying from the membranes, etc., naturally mixed with it; used for making candles and soap, dressing leather, and other purposes. In quot. 1590, dripping.

1633 P. FLETCHER Purple Isl. VII. xxxvii, *Tallow lights live glitt'ring, stinking

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