Sunday 9 September 1660

(Sunday). In the morning with Sir W. Pen to church, and a very good sermon of Mr. Mills.

Home to dinner, and Sir W. Pen with me to such as I had, and it was very handsome, it being the first time that he ever saw my wife or house since we came hither.

Afternoon to church with my wife, and after that home, and there walked with Major Hart, who came to see me, in the garden, who tells me that we are all like to be speedily disbanded;1 and then I lose the benefit of a muster. After supper to bed.

7 Annotations

First Reading

Alan Bedford  •  Link

Was Sam's position in one of the Trained Bands due to his position with the Navy, or was it the Privy Seal? (or both?)

I gather from his apparent disappointment that it may have involved remuneration, and I'm a little surprised that this seems to be the first mention.

Rick Ansell  •  Link

Peyps was a member of the Honourable Artillery Company, who provided the officers for the London Trained Bands. At the time it was just 'The Artillery Company'. The company was originally formed in 1537 and has existed ever since.

The information on the 'Trained Bands' page regarding the present HAC is wrong. The Honourable Artillery Company, whilst it has a ceremonial role, is an operational unit. It forms part of the Territorial Army, the Reserve portion of the army. Its primary role is covert surveillance and target acquisition, providing patrols who supply targeting information from concealed positions, usually behind enemy lines.

The HAC is, however, both an army unit and a Guild of the City of London with considerable independent wealth and property. Peyps name will be recorded in one of the treasures of the HAC, the 'Ancient Vellum Book' of the HAC which records the names of members from 1611 to 1682 and contains the signatures of various important guests of the company, including that of Charles II.


Paul Brewster  •  Link

we are all like to be speedily disbanded and then I lose the benefit of a muster
L&M have a different take on this one. "Sandwich's regiment ... was disbanded in November.... The order in which the regiments were disbanded was determined by lots drawn in full Privy Council in the presence of the King; in this case on 28 September.... Sandwich was among the last regiments paid off. Pepys as colonel's Secretary and Muster-Master (at any rate in name) was paid for each muster." We'll here about this again on the 17th of November 1660.

Back on the 4th of January 1660, L&M noted a reference to "my Lord's troop" with the following "Appointed to the command of a regiment of horse in September 1659, Montagu had been dismissed on the fall of Richard Cromwell in the following spring. His men were now commanded by Col. Matthew Alured, but Pepys (who has taken on as colonel's secretary without performing any function - a fairly common practice) ... still referred to the regiment as 'my Lord's'. The command was remodeled on 12 January, and Montagu became colonel again on 20 April."

Holt Parker  •  Link

Sam is very fond of Miles as a preacher and clergyman. See already the entries for 20 Aug 1660 ( "A very good minister", with chip's annotation on St. Olave's Church (also; and an almost identical entry coming up on Oct. 21, 1660.

10th Sunday after Trinity
Psalm 119:73-80
Epistle 1Cor. 12;1-11
Gospel Luke 19:41-47

At this point, Mills had not yet adopted the full service of the Book of Common Prayer. On Sunday Nov. 4, Sam says "Mr. Mills did begin to nibble at the Common Prayer," though its clear that he does do the readings appointed for the day.

Second Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"Peyps was a member of the Honourable Artillery Company...."

The HAC can trace its history back as far as 1087,[6] but it received a Royal Charter from Henry VIII on 25 August 1537, when Letters Patent were received by the Overseers of the Fraternity or Guild of St George authorising them to establish a perpetual corporation for the defence of the realm to be known as the Fraternity or Guild of Artillery of Longbows, Crossbows and Handgonnes. This body was known by a variety of names until 1656, when it was first referred to as the Artillery Company. It was first referred to as the Honourable Artillery Company in 1685 and officially received the name from Queen Victoria in 1860....From its formation, the company trained at a site it had occupied at the Old Artillery Ground in Spitalfields and at The Merchant Taylors' Company Hall.[9] In 1622, the company built its first Armoury House at the site of the Old Artillery Gardens....Until 1780, captains of the HAC trained the officers of the London Trained Bands.…

The Old Artillery Ground had formed the southern part of the precinct of the Priory of St. Mary Spital. On 3 January 1537/8 it was leased, as the ’Tesell grounde’, by the prior to the ’Fraternyte or Guylde of Artyllary of longebowes, Crossebowes and handegonnes’ for 297 years at a yearly rent of 20s. (ref. 1) The Ground was described as adjoining the priory and lying within its precinct, the east, south and west sides enclosed by ’newe brycke walles’ and the northern part unenclosed. The east side measured 720 feet, the south side 171 feet and the south-west side 360 feet; the unenclosed northern part measured 360 feet in length and breadth. This corresponds approximately to the later dimensions of the Ground and Agas probably errs in placing the west wall considerably further east than its position in the later seventeenth century. [ more details about the facility ]…

Spitalfields -- aka Spittle Fields -- and the Old Artillery Ground are center and left on this 1746 Rocque map…

Bill  •  Link

Sir William Penn, 39, an Admiral and Commissioner of the Navy, is only 12 years older than Pepys, 27. He will be mentioned over 700 times in this diary and in practically every month. Sam has gained a mentor and a friend.

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