Tuesday 3 January 1659/60

I went out in the morning, it being a great frost, and walked to Mrs. Turner’s to stop her from coming to see me to-day, because of Mrs. Jem’s coming, thence I went to the Temple to speak with Mr. Calthrop, and walked in his chamber an hour, but could not see him, so went to Westminster, where I found soldiers in my office to receive money, and paid it them. At noon went home, where Mrs. Jem, her maid, Mr. Sheply, Hawly, and Moore dined with me on a piece of beef and cabbage, and a collar of brawn. We then fell to cards till dark, and then I went home with Mrs. Jem, and meeting Mr. Hawly got him to bear me company to Chancery Lane, where I spoke with Mr. Calthrop, he told me that Sir James Calthrop was lately dead, but that he would write to his Lady, that the money may be speedily paid. Thence back to White Hall, where I understood that the Parliament had passed the act for indemnity to the soldiers and officers that would come in, in so many days, and that my Lord Lambert should have benefit of the said act. They had also voted that all vacancies in the House, by the death of any of the old members, shall be filled up; but those that are living shall not be called in. Thence I went home, and there found Mr. Hunt and his wife, and Mr. Hawly, who sat with me till ten at night at cards, and so broke up and to bed.

18 Annotations

First Reading

David Gurliacci  •  Link

Is this Tuesday? Wednesday?

Ever been perplexed trying to figure out which day of ye week Pepys is in? It's only going to get harder as the diary goes on. But be not vexed, Dear Reader! Thy troubles are at an ende!

Hie thee (or rather, click thee) to this site, which calculateth ye day of the week (just remember, it considers the Olde Style New Year to start on March 25, so Pepys is still in 1659 right now):


David Goldfarb  •  Link

People with access to UNIX shells (including those using Mac OS X) have a nice little utility available called "cal". It even takes into account the 11 dropped days in 1752.

George Kowalski  •  Link

I tried the command "cal 1 1659" and January 3rd shows up as being a Monday. The page off of albion.edu calculates this to be a Tuesday. Any official site for a tie breaker ? I'm running a Mandrake 8.2 system.

M. Stolzenbach  •  Link

Just to note the scanning error: it should be "Mrs. Jem's coming" in the first sentence, not "corning."

Awed at the labors of the person who created this site, and most grateful!

Keith Browne  •  Link

I think the Unix cal program is literal-minded about its years. "cal 1 1660" shows January 3 to have been a Tuesday, which agrees with Jan. 1 having been the Lord's Day.

Bill McFarland  •  Link

If you use cal 1 1660 you get Tuedsay, so it would seem that for cal, the year begins 1/1 always.

I love the site, thanks for doing this.

David Gurliacci  •  Link

Can anyone tell us what these mean?

(1) "to the Temple ... and walked in his chamber an hour..." -- I assume "walked" means paced. Is "chamber" simply his office, or is it a bigger section of the Temple?

(2) "Collar of brawn" -- Does anyone know what "collar" means in this context? I don't think it has anything to do with being around the neck. We covered the definitions of "brawn" in both the annotations and trackbacks for the Jan. 2 entry.

Thanks to anyone who can help!

David Gurliacci  •  Link

Well that was a fast answer!

Thanks Lisa (for an answer with both brains and "brawn").

"A collar was a convenient package that could be cooked and sliced," the entry says. That makes it much more likely that the brawn Mrs. Pepys sliced for Sam yesterday was not the "headcheese" type but the less processed variety.

That site also has a neat glossary of old culinary words that might come in handy in the future:


naomi  •  Link

Me thinks I shall read along......such a very cool idea.

PHE  •  Link

With regard to which day of the week it is, Pepys regularly states when it is the 'Lord's day' (ie. Sunday), as was 1 Jan - and he often refers to going to church on this day, so there should be little difficulty in working out which day is which.

Eunice Muir  •  Link

A Chamber means a room, from the French Chambre. In Mr. Pepys entry I assume the Temple meant the law court, and the reference to the Chamber, which we still use today as in Judges chambers and bedchamber, meant the room which served as his office.

As I noted yesterday, Mr. Pepys spent a lot of time walking from place to place to contact people.

nick sweeney  •  Link

The 'Temple' is the where many of London's lawyers kept their offices, and even now, you'll find barristers whose chambers are there. Inner and Middle Temple are still two of the four 'Inns of Court' for English barristers.

lynn  •  Link

Recently found the site and resolved to read all the entries! My father has read all the books so i've read bits and pieces along the way but this site is such a good idea. Thank you. I've linked it at my site.

Second Reading

Neil Ferguson  •  Link

Wonderful site.! I read some of the diary many moons ago and often lost the thread because of the expressions and vocabulary . ....but with this it becomes a true adventure into a fascinating period by a hyperactive man. My wife has been reading on the site for a long time ....last thing at night in bed on her IPad...and has been levering me to get started ( she is near the end) . She finally succeeded thank goodness. Can anyone advise me how to cut the tags( text details when tapped ) off when using an IPad. I. Find I have to restart the whole site to remove .

Terry Foreman  •  Link

" so went to Westminster, where I found soldiers in my office to receive money, and paid it them. "

Parliament had ordered the army a month's pay. (L&M footnote)

Terry Foreman  •  Link


Mouse over the link in the entry above and read what it is.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"I spoke with Mr. Calthrop, he told me that Sir James Calthrop was lately dead, but that he would write to his Lady, that the money may be speedily paid."

This was a debt of £2000, still outstanding at Mountagu's death in 1674, contracted in the name of Sir Henry Wright. Mountagu's brother-in-law, who may have been either Mountagu's agent or his partner in the matter. Pepys collected £60 (probably interest charge) on 2 February. Cf. Sir Henry Wright to Montagu / Written from: Lincolns Inn Fields / Date: 4 May 1660
Document type: Holograph. Addressed: "For General Montagu; aboard the Naseby."
Has received a letter, concerning a turn of £2000 due to Montagu by Sir James Calthorpe.
The security is good, and the writer is of opinion that the Admiral may very well comply with Sir James's desire. Encloses the letter so referred to ...

Sir James Calthorpe of Ampton, Suffolk, held lands in E. Anglia and in Ireland. His cousin Lestrange Calthorpe (of the Middle Temple) was his exector and man of business. (Per L&M footnote)

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