Annotations and comments

StanB has posted 113 annotations/comments since 17 January 2016.

The most recent…


About Thursday 9 November 1665

StanB  •  Link

Thank you, Sarah
Yes I have it fully protected in an acid-free folder
Just Milton's Eikonoklastes now to balance out Gauden, then Butlers Hudibras

About Thursday 9 November 1665

StanB  •  Link

Sorry I haven't posted for a while but just had to share some news with you and I apologise for it being off topic
After many disappointments over the years last week I finally added to my collection a copy of John Gaudens Eikon Basilike dated 1649 so an early, early edition published not long after the execution of Charles 1st
Needs more investigating I'm hoping its a first edition published just 10 days after the death of the King
So that's one off my bucket list I'm thrilled with it and had to share as i have made mention of my search in here before

About Thursday 14 September 1665

StanB  •  Link

What an entry I really feel the dismal gloom as Sam walks around London
It is easy to see Art imitating Life
From Mary Shelley's The Last Man (1826) to I Am Legend Richard Matheson (1954) and beyond right up to now and in the future
Sam was actually living a dystopian life with these plague entries way before it was coined and of course, temper that with the great news concerning the Dutch and is Plate still secure its a real juxtaposition
Today has to be one of my favourite entries

About Thursday 7 September 1665

StanB  •  Link

Completely off topic but thought you might find interesting, the Tudor, Stuart periods and particularly the ECW I have a passion for and over time have built a little collection I'm quite proud of I have several editions of the London Gazette from the 17th Century along with a few Civil War pamphlets and coins mainly Charles 1st and 2nd and some Elizabethan and Tudor Coins, Today I managed to acquire a London Gazette "Graded Fine" from Aug 6-9th 1683 its main coverage concerns The Rye House Plot I'm very happy with it next on my list London Gazettes covering Mortality Bills and my Holy Grail search continues for original copies of The Oxford Gazette but I'm not holding my breath for that one

About Tuesday 5 September 1665

StanB  •  Link

Can't believe no ones mentioned the Chariot I now have this image of Sam tearing around Londinium Charlton Heston style or am I over-egging it haha

About Sunday 3 September 1665

StanB  •  Link

Thanks for posting the link to that picture Bryan and yes its clear that picture was depicting Sams entry today, Do we know when it was painted and by whom

About Tuesday 15 August 1665

StanB  •  Link

There were a lot of "Plague cures"around
In 1665 the College of Physicians issued a directive that brimstone ‘burnt plentiful’ was recommended for a cure for the bad air that caused the plague.
Those employed in the collection of bodies frequently smoked tobacco to avoid catching the plague.
“For personal disinfection, nothing enjoyed such favour as tobacco; the belief in it was widespread, and even children were made to light up a reaf in pipes. Thomas Hearnes remembers one Tom Rogers telling him that when he was a scholar at Eton in the year that the great plague raged, all the boys smoked in school by order.
Other methods were also used to keep the plague away. When money was used in day-to-day transactions in shops or at market, it was placed in a bowl of vinegar rather than being handed over to the recipient. At markets, meat was not handed over by hand rather but by a joint being attached to a hook.

The wearing of lucky charms was also common – and recommended by doctors. Ambroise Pare, a physician, believed that a lucky charm would keep away the plague. Dr George Thomson wore a dead toad around his neck.

The Church had a more basic way of protecting yourself against the plague. It recommended prayer and then more prayer.

Those who could afford health certificates were allowed to leave London, such as Dr Alston, the President of the College of Physicians. This mainly meant that the rich could leave London while the poor stayed in the city. Leaving the city was an obvious way of protecting yourself against the plague.
Charlatans who stayed in London set themselves up as doctors. They sold plague ‘cures’ at high prices. There were many who were willing to try these quack cures as few had any other alternative. ‘Plague water’ was a popular cure as was powdered unicorn horn and frogs legs. What actually went into powdered unicorn horn is not known. Putting the tail feathers of a live chicken onto buboes (a lymph node that is inflamed and swollen because of plague) drew out the poison allowing the patient to recover – so people were told.

Making a victim of the plague sweat and then applying to buboes a recently killed pigeon was a popular ‘cure’.

It is known that some who caught the plague did survive but the records kept at the time are not at all clear as to whether any ‘cures’ were applied to these people or whether they were extremely lucky. As a fourteen-year-old boy, Sir Dudley North caught the plague and was shut up in his father’s London home. His mother looked after him and his sister who also had the plague. Both survived but nothing is known about the treatment their mother gave to them.

It has to also be remembered that while many thousands did die in London from the plague, many more did not – including the likes of Dr Nathaniel Hodges and the Rev. Thomas Vincent who went on to write about their experiences. Many of these people would have had daily contact with plague victims but survived.

About Saturday 12 August 1665

StanB  •  Link

Some interesting points made above regarding the Plague which is now reaching a critical point, the death toll often referred to is 100,000 however it could be a lot higher than that. The bills recorded 68,594 plague deaths in 1665 but this is likely to be far short of the true total.
The searchers, shunned because of their contact with victims, were suspected even at the time of using catch-all terms like ‘feaver’ and ‘consumption’.
This would have increased with people’s reluctance to admit to plague in their households.
The five next biggest causes of death also spike over the summer so it’s likely many of those were actually plague deaths. Data from the Bills of Mortality illustrates the careless nature in which a lot of deaths were categorised its highly likely a lot of these deaths were in fact plague.
Feaver 4,664

Consumption 3,173

Spotted Feaver 1,855
Meningitis or typhus

Teeth 1,931
Death of an infant during teething

French pox, lethargy and the Kings-evil
As this small selection shows, many of the 99 causes of death listed in the bills seem obscure.
A sophisticated understanding of infection was still 200 years away and the searchers lacked even basic medical knowledge held by doctors of the day.
London was hugely unsanitary and people, including terrible numbers of babies, succumbed to ailments now trivial and easily treated.
Surfeit 1,130
Suggested definition: Vomiting from overeating
Rising of the Lights 288
Generally thought to be croup - possibly applied to any death involving shortness of breath
Imposthume 196
Scowring 80
Purging of the bowels, probably diarrhoea or dysentery
Kings-evil 62
Scrofula, a swelling caused by tuberculosis of neck and lymph glands
Timpany 23
Swelling or tumour
Overlaid 17
Possibly accidental suffocation of breastfeeding infant by a wet-nurse
Plannet 6
A sudden affliction, paralysis or an aneurysm, thought to be caused by the influence of the planets
Mother 2
Convulsions, suffocation or choking affecting women, possibly epilepsy
Wen 1
Tumour or cyst on the skin, often the scalp. London was nicknamed the Great Wen in the nineteenth century
There is now a theory suggesting that it wasn't the black rat that brought the plague to Europe but the giant gerbil, I'll leave that one with you

About Sunday 9 July 1665

StanB  •  Link

Ahhh thank you Sjoerd I missed that entry, Do we have any diagrams of Sams timepiece?