Annotations and comments

JayW has posted 140 annotations/comments since 7 August 2015.


Second Reading

About Friday 26 June 1663

JayW  •  Link

Annuities were compulsory for pension savers reaching the age of 75 until quite recently here in the UK. Pension savings had to be passed over to insurers in exchange for a guaranteed income for life. Different products were available, and still are, providing flat rate amounts, amounts rising in accordance with an agreed % each year or an inflation index, and on joint lives for a couple or a single life. Private annuities have also been used here in the UK but usually payments would continue until the death of the annuitant. If the grantor died first his estate/heirs would have to continue paying.

About Sunday 7 June 1663

JayW  •  Link

Terry Foreman: "Sir W. Pen....tells me that now Mr. Castle and Mrs. Martha Batten do own themselves to be married, and have been this fortnight. ". A mistake: they were married on 5 July.

Maybe "to be married" means 'are going to be married' and the banns are being read in preparation for the wedding?

About Tuesday 26 May 1663

JayW  •  Link

Isn't Sam reporting Pembleton's words as he left? In which case it was Pembleton who said 'Mrs Ashwell' not Sam.

About Wednesday 15 April 1663

JayW  •  Link

That book looks amazing. Thanks Terry. Some of the problems are the same as those I had to work out at primary school (up to age 11). If it takes 1 man a certain time to do a job how long will 3 men take to do the same etc. I guess Sam's Oxford education was based on classical philosophy, language etc. No wonder he loves to learn about numbers now. It's a fascinating subject for an orderly mind such as his.

About Monday 13 April 1663

JayW  •  Link

It will be interesting to see if 'betimes' is used again much before September if it means 'before daybreak'. Five in the morning sounds early enough to start the day when there is so much packed into it. What energy the man had!

About Wednesday 1 April 1663

JayW  •  Link

"All other matters are as well as upon so hard conditions with my uncle Thomas we can expect them."
A Hamilton : I read this as:
"All other matters are as well as we can expect them, given the hard conditions demanded by my uncle Thomas. "

About Sunday 29 March 1663

JayW  •  Link

Even though married women were able to keep their own property after the Married Women's Property Act of 1882, their income was still added to their husband's for Income Tax purposes until 1990.

Extract from Taxation Magazine dated 9 July 2014:
Some years ago, the government of the time took a bold step when it introduced independent taxation. Until that time, married women’s income had been returned for them for tax purposes by their husbands. Her income was clearly his.

The couple’s income was aggregated and taxed on the husband, subject to a wife’s earned income relief, which he received if the wife was employed or self-employed. (My note - HE, not she!)

It was possible to elect for separate assessment allowing a woman to submit a confidential wife’s return, but the tax computation remained the same, only with horrendous adjustments to work out how to share the tax between the couple.

Then, in 1990, the government suddenly noticed that married women were relatively independent entities and introduced separate assessment where husbands and wives each returned their own income and were taxed on it accordingly. For younger readers, let me stress this is not a typo. It was in 1990, not 1890.

About Saturday 28 March 1663

JayW  •  Link

Anyone who watched this year's University Boat Race on Easter Sunday will be able to picture small boats on the Thames in high winds. Not somewhere I would have wanted to be any more than Sam.

About Monday 23 March 1662/63

JayW  •  Link

All of the BBCs In Our Time programmes, including the one on The Royal Society from 23 March 2006, can currently be found available through the website for downloading.

First light is a short while before dawn breaks in the UK.

The Great Bed was here in Ware for a year and very impressive it was. It took up virtually the whole room it was in.

About Tuesday 10 March 1662/63

JayW  •  Link

Piped water is taken for granted now in most parts of the UK but I stayed in a house in Cornwall in 1961 and 1962 where there was a tank in the roof and a hand pump to fill it from a well.
My grandfather bought a bungalow in Essex in the 1940s with a well, too. Drinking water had to be boiled in both places.
The house where I lived until 2014 was on an estate built as social housing in the 1950s. After the houses were sold into private ownership, no one seemed to have a record of where the pipes and drains ran which caused problems if there was a blockage. A bit like the Navy Office complex, maybe?

About Sunday 8 March 1662/63

JayW  •  Link

Thanks to Sam and annotators above, I can hear my late mother's voice singing one of her old Sunday School songs:
'Bringing in the sheaves, bringing in the sheaves,
we shall come rejoicing bringing in the sheaves.
At the time of harvest, and the time of reaping
we shall come rejoicing bringing in the sheaves. '
It's a lovely memory for Mothering Sunday.

About Sunday 1 March 1662/63

JayW  •  Link

1 March is always St David's Day but Quinquagesima moves with Easter. Or rather it will, unless Easter becomes a fixed date. Report from on 22 January 2016:
A MOVE by the Coptic Pope to unify and fix the date of Easter was supported by the Primates during their gathering, the Archbishop of Canterbury reported last week.
Pope Tawadros II of Alexandria has proposed that all Churches celebrate Easter on the second Sunday of April. The Primates joined Pope Francis and the Ecumenical Patriarch in supporting this, Archbishop Welby said last Friday. There was a "promising chance" that the proposal would come to fruition, he said, despite the fact that "the first attempt to do this was in the tenth century; so it may take a little while." He predicted that it would take "between five and ten years" to come into effect.

About Saturday 28 February 1662/63

JayW  •  Link

Ox cheek. Bought some from my butcher only last month and once slow cooked it was tender and tasty. I didn't have to deal with the head of course!

About Tuesday 17 February 1662/63

JayW  •  Link

In a letter to the Daily Telegraph this week, a mother reported that as late as 1971 she was not even allowed to see a baby stillborn at 35 weeks.

Also, the comment from Charles that the child was 'a month and 3 hours old' may just have referred to the last assignation with his mistress. It couldn't have been true of the foetus if the sex was known.

About Saturday 14 February 1662/63

JayW  •  Link

Having read all the explanations and links above with many thanks to the previous contributors, I think I have got my head round the land issues. However, two things that Sam specifically mentioned have passed with little or no comment. Firstly, he eventually agreed to 'settle' all my uncle's estate that he has left. Does this mean he kept Brampton for his lifetime only, and then it passed to his cousins, or was he referring to the complete agreement whereby he kept Brampton and they took Gravely? And he was 'forced to promise' a half share of anything else he finds, which he has agreed to, and noted to that effect on the reverse of the list he gave them and the one he kept himself, although he doesn't think there is any more to be added. Nowadays, personal estate would be anything except land. So the £376 would be the value of cash, household goods and anything else as listed by Sam for his cousins.

About Samuel Pepys: Plague, Fire, Revolution

JayW  •  Link

I second everything in this review. It is an amazing exhibition. I was just a tad disappointed that I didn't see any mention of this website as a source of further information.