Summary

Note: L&M Call him 2nd Earl of Winchilsea, with dates 1628-89. Wikipedia says he was 3rd Earl of Winchilsea, with dates 1635-89.

Wikipedia

This text was copied from Wikipedia on 29 March 2015 at 6:02AM.

Sir Heneage Finch, 3rd Earl of Winchilsea (1628–1689) of Eastwell, Kent, was the 3rd Earl of Winchilsea.

Finch was the son of Thomas Finch, 2nd Earl of Winchilsea, and the grandson of Elizabeth Finch, 1st Countess of Winchilsea. His first cousin was Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham. He married four times and was the father of at least 16 children. He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge.[1] "His contemporaries called him 'amorous', and in Turkey he was reputed to have 'had many women' and 'built little houses for them'. "

On his return from Ottoman territory in June 1668, King Charles II remarked to Finch, "My Lord, you have not only built a town, but peopled it too".

Lord Finch was appointed by his friend George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle a Governor of Dover Castle, and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports in the July 1660, also Lord Lieutenant of Kent and afterwards ambassador to the Ottoman Empire and served in this capacity from between 1660–69.

Samuel Pepys first referred to him as the Lord Winchilsea. (Note the difference in spelling from the modern place name, Winchelsea.)

King Charles II had landed at Kent on his way to London to secure the throne on 25 May 1660. The King arrived in Dover with 20 ships and frigates, the Lord General and his life guard was accompanied by the Earl of Winchelsea to the cheer of the crowding locals gathered upon the beach to witness a salute fired from the guns of Dover Castle.

Marriages and children

He married his first wife Diana, daughter of Francis Willoughby, 5th Baron Willoughby of Parham and Elizabeth Cecil, on 21 May 1645.

His married his second wife Mary Seymour the daughter of William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset and Lady Frances Devereux, about 1650. Their children were:

He married thirdly, Catherine Norcliffe, daughter of Sir Thomas Norcliffe, on 10 April 1673.

He married his fourth wife Elizabeth Ayres on 29 October 1681. She was the mother of John Finch, 6th Earl of Winchilsea, who died unmarried and without issue.

References

  1. ^ http://www.queens.cam.ac.uk/page-242
  2. ^ Burkes' Peerage (1939).

External links

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Bendish, 2nd Baronet
British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire
1660–1669
Succeeded by
Sir Daniel Harvey
Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Kent
jointly with The Earl of Southampton 1662–1667
The Duke of Richmond 1668–1672

1660–1688
Succeeded by
The Lord Teynham
Custos Rotulorum of Kent
1660–1688
Preceded by
The Duke of Richmond
Vice-Admiral of Kent
1672–1687
Preceded by
Robert Blake
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
1660
Succeeded by
The Duke of York and Albany
Preceded by
The Duke of Somerset
Lord Lieutenant of Somerset
1675–1683
Succeeded by
The Duke of Somerset
Preceded by
The Earl of Feversham
Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Kent
1689
Succeeded by
The Viscount Sydney
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Finch
Earl of Winchilsea
1639–1689
Succeeded by
Charles Finch
Viscount Maidstone
1639–1689
New title Baron FitzHerbert
1660–1689
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Finch
Baronet
(of Eastwell, Kent)
1639–1689
Succeeded by
Charles Finch

8 Annotations

Phil  •  Link

Finch was the 2nd Earl of Winchilsea and ambassador to the Ottoman Empire 1660-9, according to the L&M index. Pepys calls him "Lord Winchelsea."

Paul Brewster  •  Link

Wheatley footnote:
Heneage Finch, second Earl of Winchelsea, constituted by General Monk Governor of Dover Castle, July 1660; Made Lord Lieutenant of Kent and afterwards ambassador to Turkey. Died 1689.

Paul Brewster  •  Link

"Finch, Sir Heneage, 2nd Earl of Winchilsea (1628-89) Of Eastwell, Kent; a friend Of Monck. Ambassador to Turkey 1660-9. There, it was said, he

Michael Robinson  •  Link

The L&M includes the following anecdote:

There [in Turkey] it was said he 'had many women. He built little houses for them.' On his return to England the King greeted him with the words: 'My Lord, you have not only built a town but peopled it too.' 'Oh, Sir,' was the reply 'I was your Majesties representative.'

Bill  •  Link

FINCH, HENEAGE, second Earl of Winchilsea (d. 1689), was the son of Thomas, the first earl, whose mother Elizabeth had been created Countess of Winchilsea in her widowhood by Charles I (1628). Heneage, educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, succeeded to the title of Viscount Maidstone in 1633, and of Earl of Winchilsea in 1639. He distinguished himself on the royalist side during the great rebellion, providing auxiliary troops (horse and foot) at his own expense, and supplying 'with great hazard' Charles II's 'necessities in foreign parts.' He was a friend of Monck and was made governor of Dover Castle in 1660. Upon the Restoration he was created a baron, by the title of Lord Fitzherbert of Eastwell (from which family the Finches claimed descent), 26 June 1660, and on 10 July was appointed lord-lieutenant of Kent. Early in 1661 he went on an important embassy to Sultan Mahomet Chan IV, and published an account of it the same year. He remained as English ambassador at Constantinople eight years, and on his return journey wrote from Naples to the king a description, which was afterwards printed, of the eruption of Mount Etna. He was reinstated on his arrival in England lord-lieutenant of Kent and governor of Dover Castle, but was, with a long list of other lieutenants, dismissed from the former post in 1687. When James II was stopped at Feversham by the Kentish fishermen, he wrote to Winchilsea, who was at Canterbury, asking him to come to him. The earl arrived before night (12 Dec), and interposed on behalf of the king besides moving him to a more suitable lodging in a private house. When James fled for the second time, Winchilsea was one of those who voted for offering the vacant throne to William and Mary, and in March 1689 was again made lord-lieutenant of Kent. He died in August the same year. He married four times: (1) Diana, daughter of Francis, fifth lord Willoughby of Parham; (2) Mary, daughter of William Seymour, marquis of Hertford; (3) Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Norcliff; (4) Elizabeth, daughter of John Ayres, esq. Out of twenty-seven children sixteen lived to 'some maturity.'
---Dictionary of National Biography. V.19, 1889.

Bill  •  Link

Heneage Finch, who was made solicitor-general soon after the Restoration, rose by regular gradations to the high office of chancellor, for which he was eminently qualified. He presided in the Chancery when the whole kingdom was divided into factions; but had such a command of his passions, and was so nice in his conduct, that he always appeared to be of no faction himself. He was master of the powers of elocution in a very high degree; a talent extremely dangerous in the possession of a dishonest man. This he took every occasion of exerting: but it was only to enforce and adorn, never to weaken or disguise the truth. Several of his speeches are in print. Ob. 18 Dec. 1682.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1779.

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1660

1664

1666

1668

1669