Summary

Note: L&M Call him 2nd Earl of Winchilsea, with dates 1628-89. Wikipedia says he was 3rd Earl of Winchilsea, with dates 1635-89.

8 Annotations

Phil   Link to this

Finch was the 2nd Earl of Winchilsea and ambassador to the Ottoman Empire 1660-9, according to the L&M index. Pepys calls him "Lord Winchelsea."

Paul Brewster   Link to this

Wheatley footnote:
Heneage Finch, second Earl of Winchelsea, constituted by General Monk Governor of Dover Castle, July 1660; Made Lord Lieutenant of Kent and afterwards ambassador to Turkey. Died 1689.

Paul Brewster   Link to this

"Finch, Sir Heneage, 2nd Earl of Winchilsea (1628-89) Of Eastwell, Kent; a friend Of Monck. Ambassador to Turkey 1660-9. There, it was said, he

Amy Robinson   Link to this

RE: Heneage Finch's 'A true and exact relation of the late prodigious earthquake & eruption of Mount Etna'

See the Johnston-Lavis Literature Collection website at http://lab.slais.ucl.ac.uk/~p036afr/index.html

Amy Robinson   Link to this

THE JOHNSTON-LAVIS LITERATURE COLLECTION WEBSITE IS NOW FOUND AT:
http://www.johnston-lavis.co.uk

Michael Robinson   Link to this

The L&M includes the following anecdote:

There [in Turkey] it was said he 'had many women. He built little houses for them.' On his return to England the King greeted him with the words: 'My Lord, you have not only built a town but peopled it too.' 'Oh, Sir,' was the reply 'I was your Majesties representative.'

Bill   Link to this

FINCH, HENEAGE, second Earl of Winchilsea (d. 1689), was the son of Thomas, the first earl, whose mother Elizabeth had been created Countess of Winchilsea in her widowhood by Charles I (1628). Heneage, educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, succeeded to the title of Viscount Maidstone in 1633, and of Earl of Winchilsea in 1639. He distinguished himself on the royalist side during the great rebellion, providing auxiliary troops (horse and foot) at his own expense, and supplying 'with great hazard' Charles II's 'necessities in foreign parts.' He was a friend of Monck and was made governor of Dover Castle in 1660. Upon the Restoration he was created a baron, by the title of Lord Fitzherbert of Eastwell (from which family the Finches claimed descent), 26 June 1660, and on 10 July was appointed lord-lieutenant of Kent. Early in 1661 he went on an important embassy to Sultan Mahomet Chan IV, and published an account of it the same year. He remained as English ambassador at Constantinople eight years, and on his return journey wrote from Naples to the king a description, which was afterwards printed, of the eruption of Mount Etna. He was reinstated on his arrival in England lord-lieutenant of Kent and governor of Dover Castle, but was, with a long list of other lieutenants, dismissed from the former post in 1687. When James II was stopped at Feversham by the Kentish fishermen, he wrote to Winchilsea, who was at Canterbury, asking him to come to him. The earl arrived before night (12 Dec), and interposed on behalf of the king besides moving him to a more suitable lodging in a private house. When James fled for the second time, Winchilsea was one of those who voted for offering the vacant throne to William and Mary, and in March 1689 was again made lord-lieutenant of Kent. He died in August the same year. He married four times: (1) Diana, daughter of Francis, fifth lord Willoughby of Parham; (2) Mary, daughter of William Seymour, marquis of Hertford; (3) Catherine, daughter of Sir Thomas Norcliff; (4) Elizabeth, daughter of John Ayres, esq. Out of twenty-seven children sixteen lived to 'some maturity.'
---Dictionary of National Biography. V.19, 1889.

Bill   Link to this

Heneage Finch, who was made solicitor-general soon after the Restoration, rose by regular gradations to the high office of chancellor, for which he was eminently qualified. He presided in the Chancery when the whole kingdom was divided into factions; but had such a command of his passions, and was so nice in his conduct, that he always appeared to be of no faction himself. He was master of the powers of elocution in a very high degree; a talent extremely dangerous in the possession of a dishonest man. This he took every occasion of exerting: but it was only to enforce and adorn, never to weaken or disguise the truth. Several of his speeches are in print. Ob. 18 Dec. 1682.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1779.

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