Andrew Rutherford, cr. Baron Rutherford 1661, Earl of Teviot 1663 (d. 1664). A Roman Catholic and a professional soldier, of Scottish birth; Colonel of the Gardes Ecossaises in the French army in the 1650s; Governor of Dunkirk 1660-2 and of Tangier 1663-4. His heir was a relative, Sir Thomas Rutherford of Hunthill, who succeeded to the barony by nomination, the earldom becoming extinct.
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The second commander and governor was the Lord Andrew Rutherford, a distinguished Scottish soldier, previously the governor of Dunkirk. He was created Earl of Teviot 'to hearten him for his new post'. He was a professional soldier, chiefly responsible for the evacuation of Dunkirk, from which town he brought 400 soldiers who reinforced the Tangier Regiment. These were mostly Irishmen and he reorganised the his troops into separate English and Irish regiments. Many people in Britain felt apprehension that a Roman Catholic should command so many Catholic soldiers. When he arrived he found the garrison demoralised by the constant attacks and the fortifications in urgent need of repair. Under his energetic leadership a line of stone redoubts was constructed beyond the town walls, which were strengthened with a number of forts. Teviot also started to build a much needed breakwater or mole, to provide an all-weather harbour for ships. King Charles offered Sir Christopher Wren a commission 'to survey and direct the works of the mole and fortifications of the citadel and town', but Wren turned it down because of ill health.
Truces were agreed with Gayland, but he proved a most treacherous enemy. In one sortie, the heavily outnumbered English troops were ambushed and lost 19 officers and 400 men killed, with Teviot among them, dying at the head of his men. To add to the garrison's problems, illness broke out, stores and provisions were low and costly, and the troops received no pay for several months.
TEVIOT, ANDREW RUTHERFORD, EARL OF (d. 1664), was the son of William Rutherford of Quarrelholes, Roxburghshire. His education was received in Edinburgh, and he took up the career of soldier of fortune. His services were given to the French government, which maintained regiments of Scottish mercenaries. On the restoration of Charles II., Rutherford was taken into employment by his own king on the recommendation of Louis XIV. of France. He had held a commission as lieutenant-general in France and had a high reputation for personal courage. Charles II. gave him the Scottish title of Lord Rutherford and the governorship of Dunkirk, which had been acquired by the Protector Oliver Cromwell. When Charles II. sold the town to France in 1662 Rutherford was consoled by the command of the 2nd or Tangier regiment, was made earl of Teviot in the peerage of Scotland, and was sent in 1663 as governor to Tangier. His tenure of office was very short, for on the 4th of May 1664 he allowed himself to be entrapped into an ambush by the Moors, who carried on incessant irregular warfare against the English garrison, and was killed, together with nineteen officers and nearly five hundred men of his garrison.
See W. F. Lord, The Lost Possessions of England (London, 1896). http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/T/TE/TEVIOT_EAR...
Teviot in Tangier:
"When Andrew Rutherford, Earl of Teviot, assumed the governorship, he immediately improved the defences. He realized that the key to Tangier lay in controlling the overlooking heights. During his governorship (1663—4) he built five forts and redoubts beyond the city walls, covered by the main artillery along the curtain... Under Peterborough's pusillanimous command (1662—4) the garrison allowed itself to be locked within the town following the defeat of Major Nathaniel Fiennes. A dynamic leadership was required and this was provided by Teviot until he overreached himself and was killed in 1664 when his reconnaissance party was cut off on Jew's Hill."
Incidentally, although the river which ultimately lies behind the name of the earldom is pronounced TEE-vyot, the earldom is pronounced TEV-i-ot.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.