1893 text

A small sea-vessel used in the Dutch herring-fishery.

This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

7 Annotations

Terry F  •  Link

"BUSSE:...two- or three-masted vessel chiefly for the North Sea fishery, heavily built and of about 60 tons"
Large Glossary, L&M Companion

Terry F  •  Link

The busse was also in the English herring fishery.

“In September 1662 a scheme — similar to those of 1580, 1615 and 1661 — for building herring busses had been inaugurated by the Council of Royal Fishery, the King himself undertaking to provide ten. The council had been established in August 1661: Pepys became a member of the corporation appointed to succeed it in 1664….” L&M iii.268.n.3

No doubt the busses were the instruments of the fishing conflicts between the Dutch and the English: for the war of words see
Grotius, Hugo http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/3396/
and Selden, John http://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/3339/#c2...

Wim van der Meij  •  Link

Busse: in Dutch "buis". These ships were quite seaworthy because the saying was: 'een buis is op zee een huis' (A busse is a house at sea).

in Aqua Scripto  •  Link

The Herring Busse [Buizen, slow sailing] was of the order of 20 to 40 tons or more and acted as a Mother Boat, curing the fish, as the herring had to be cured [gutted {Dutch]or not gutted] within 24 hrs, It did have its own nets too [driffing type]. It usually worked out of site of land as they roamed far and wide following the army of herring migration and when it had a full load, the barrells would be ferried ashore and then salt was brought back for more fish. A 70 Ton busse had a crew of 17 men , half be salters/degutters. The Dutch had 700 of these profitable Busse vessels, each vessel did three trips a season and would land 800 barrels per season of Dutch salted herring i.e. that be, the fish be gutted before being drowned in brine. Each barrel would have approx 1000 gutted herring. The fast ferring boats be Jagers.
Then there was the Dutch Bomschuit, that was flat bottomed to allow fishing where the lads with Keels could not go.
lifted from Herring by Mike Smylie

Bill  •  Link

BUSS, in maritime-affairs, a small sea vessel, used by us and the Dutch in the herring fishery, commonly from forty-eight to fifty tons burden, and sometimes more: a buss has two small sheds or cabbins, one at the prow, and the other at the stern; that at the prow serves for a kitchen.
Every buss has a master, an assistant, a mate, and seamen in proportion to the vessel's bigness: the master commands in chief, and without his express order, the nets cannot be cast, nor taken up; the assistant has the command after him; and the mate next, whose business is to see the seamen manage their rigging in a proper manner, to mind those who draw in their nets, and those who kill, gut, and cure the herrings, as they are taken out of the sea; the seamen do generally engage for a whole voyage in the lump. The provision which they take on board the busses, consist commonly in bisket, oat-meal, and dried or salt-fish; the crew being content for the rest with what fresh fish they catch.
---A New and Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. 1763.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.