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dirk  •  Link


Hugo Grotius (Huig de Groot, or Hugo de Groot; 10th April 1583 - 28th August 1645): jurist in the Dutch Republic - laid the foundations for modern international law, based on natural law. Also philosopher, playwright, poet, and influential thinker.

More info:

Full English text of Hugo Grotius' classic treatise on international law "On the Law of War and Peace" (De Jure Belli ac Pacis), 1625:

See also Background Info - Selden, John:

Ruben  •  Link

Hugo Grotius, The Freedom of the Seas (Latin and English version, Magoffin trans.) (1609)
The Freedom of the Seas, or the Right Which Belongs to the Dutch to take part in the East Indian Trade. Translated by Ralph Van Deman Magoffin. Introduction by James Brown Scott, Director of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. New York: Oxford University Press, 1916.( Latin with English translation on facing pages).


Terry F  •  Link

What is a “fair share of fish” contested yet today was internaional law’s perhaps earliest burning Q., addressed by Huig de Groot (Hugo Grotius), founder of modern natural law theory

“Grotius’ conception of the nature of natural law is set forth in….1609 as Mare Liberum (The Freedom of the Seas). Mare Liberum talks about the rights of England, Spain, and Portugal to rule over the sea. If these countries could legitimately control the seas, this would prevent the Dutch from sailing, for example, into the East Indies. Grotius argued that the liberty of the sea was a key aspect in the communications amongst peoples and nations. No one country can monopolize control over the ocean because of its immensity and lack of stability and fixed limits.” http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosop...

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.