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The Earl of Manchester
Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire
In office
Serving with Henry Cromwell
Preceded byEdward Montagu
Valentine Walton
Succeeded byHenry Cromwell
Sir Nicholas Pedley
Personal details
Born(1634-04-25)25 April 1634
St. Margaret's, Westminster, England
Died14 March 1683(1683-03-14) (aged 48)
Montpellier, France
Anne Yelverton
(m. 1655)​
Parent(s)Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester
Lady Anne Rich

Robert Montagu, 3rd Earl of Manchester JP (baptised 25 April 1634 – 14 March 1683) was an English courtier and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1671 when he inherited the peerage as Earl of Manchester.

Early life

Montagu was born in the parish of St. Margaret's, Westminster, and baptised there on 25 April 1634.[1] He was the only son of Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester and his second wife Lady Anne Rich, daughter of Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick. He had two younger sisters, Lady Frances Montagu (wife of Henry Saunderson) and Lady Anne Montagu (wife of their cousin, Robert Rich, 5th Earl of Warwick). After his mother's death on 14 February 1641, his father remarried to Essex (née Cheke) Bevill (widow of Sir Robert Bevill and a daughter of Sir Thomas Cheke). From his father's third marriage, he had a younger half-sister, Lady Essex Montagu (wife of Henry Ingram, 1st Viscount of Irvine). After his father's third wife died, he remarried to Eleanor Rich (a widow of Sir Henry Lee, 1st Baronet, Edward Radclyffe, 6th Earl of Sussex, and Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick. She was the fourth daughter of Sir Richard Wortley). After her death in January 1666, he married for the fifth, and last, time to Lady Margaret Hay (widow of James Hay, 2nd Earl of Carlisle, the third daughter of Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford).[1]

His paternal grandparents were Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester and the former Catherine Spencer (a granddaughter of Sir William Spencer of Yarnton). His maternal grandparents were Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick and the former Frances Hatton (daughter and heiress of Sir William Newport, who later took the surname Hatton to inherit the estates of his uncle, Sir Christopher Hatton).[1]


From 1649 to 1654, he was travelling abroad. He was captain of the militia horse for Huntingdonshire in April 1660.[2]

Also in April 1660, Montagu was returned as Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire in the Convention Parliament and in the following month was one of the members who waited on the king at the Hague.

He was a J.P. for Huntingdonshire and Northamptonshire, from July 1660 to 1681. Also in July, he was commissioner for oyer and terminer for the Midland circuit. From August 1660, he was commissioner for assessment and Deputy Lieutenant for Huntingdonshire until 1671.[2]

In 1661, Montagu was again elected MP for Huntingdonshire in the Cavalier Parliament.[2] In 1663, he became commissioner for assessment for Huntingdon and Northamptonshire until 1671, and was sent on a mission to the French king. He was created M.A. by the University of Oxford, on 8 September 1665.

In February 1666, he succeeded the Earl of Newport as gentleman of the bedchamber to the king. In 1666 and 1667, Montagu was a captain of the Duke of Monmouth's Horse in the eastern counties while the Dutch were on the coast.[3][2]

Montagu inherited the title of Earl of Manchester on the death of his father in 1671 and took on the posts of Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire and Custos Rotulorum. In 1672 he became master of the swans and also water-bailiff for Whittlesey Mere. He became high steward of Cambridge University in 1677.[2]

In October 1681 Lord Manchester decided to go abroad because he had become too closely involved with cabalistic men in Northamptonshire.[4]

Personal life

On 27 June 1655, Montagu was married to Anne Yelverton at St. Giles's-in-the-Fields. Anne was the only daughter of Sir Christopher Yelverton, 1st Baronet of Easton Maudit in Northamptonshire and Anne Twisden (youngest daughter of Sir Thomas Twisden, 1st Baronet of Roydon Hall).[3] Together, Anne and Robert were the parents of five sons and four daughters, including:[1]

He died at Montpellier in France at the age of about 48 and was buried at Kimbolton.[3] His two eldest sons, Edward and Henry, died young and he was succeeded by his third son, Charles. His widow afterwards married Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax. [3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Manchester, Earl of (E, 1625/6)". Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "MONTAGU, Robert, Visct. Mandeville (1634-83), of Kimbolton Castle, Hunts". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d Porter 1893.
  4. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainPorter, Bertha (1893). "Montagu, Edward (1602-1671)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 35. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  5. ^ "Manchester, Duke of (GB, 1719)". Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 24 April 2020.

4 Annotations

First Reading

Michael Fryer  •  Link

Born in 1634 in the parish of St Margaret's, Wesminster, the son of Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester. He took the courtesy title of Viscount Mandeville on his father's succession to the Earldom in 1642, and served as Whig MP for Huntingdonshire between 1660 and 1671, the year he became 3rd Earl of Manchester. He died at Montpellier, France, on 14 March 1682/3.

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

Robert Montagu, Viscount Mandeville, was a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to Charles II. He became third Earl of Manchester on his father's death, and died at Paris in 1682.
---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.

Bill  •  Link

MONTAGU, ROBERT, third Earl Of Manchester (1634-1683), son of Edward Montagu, second earl of Manchester; M.P., Huntingdonshire, 1660 and 1661; sent on a mission to France, 1663; gentleman of the bedchamber, 1666; died at Montpellier.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.