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|Sir Thomas Chicheley|
|Master-General of the Ordnance|
|Born||(1614-03-14)14 March 1614|
|Died||1 February 1699(1699-02-01) (aged 84)|
Sir Thomas Chicheley (25 March 1614 – 1 February 1699) was a politician in England in the seventeenth century who fell from favour in the reign of James II. His name is sometimes spelt as Chichele.
Chicheley, who came from Wimpole in Cambridgeshire, was related to the founder of All Souls College, Oxford. He was High Sheriff of Cambridgeshire for 1637–38, and in 1640 was elected to the Long Parliament as one of the MPs for Cambridgeshire; however, being a strong Royalist, he was "disabled from sitting" (in other words expelled) soon after the outbreak of the Civil War. After the Restoration, he was elected once more for Cambridgeshire in the Parliament of 1661–1679, and subsequently sat for the city of Cambridge until his retirement after the Convention Parliament (1689).
He was appointed a deputy lieutenant for the county by 1639 to 1642 and from 1660 to 1685. He was also custos rotulorum for the county in 1642 and, after the restoration in 1660, for Cambridgeshire and Ely (until 1687).
In 1670, he was knighted, made a member of the Privy Council and appointed Master-General of the Ordnance. He held that office until 1679, when he was succeeded by three Commissioners of the Ordnance, including his son John. The same year he became Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, but was ejected from office and expelled from the Privy Council on 2 March 1687. He sat again, however, in Parliament for the city of Cambridge in 1678, 1679, 1685, and 1689, and died in 1694, at the age of seventy-six.
According to Pepys, Chicheley lived extravagantly in London, and this was probably the reason that he sold his estate at Wimpole thirteen years before his death. He had married Sarah, the daughter of Sir William Russell, and had 3 sons (who all predeceased him) and 2 daughters. After Sarah's death in 1654 he married again circa 1655 to Anne, the daughter of Sir Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry of Aylesborough and the widow of Sir William Savile, 3rd Baronet, of Thornhill, Yorkshire and had 2 further sons.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Stephens, Henry Morse (1887). "Chicheley, Thomas". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
|Parliament of England|
| Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire
With: Thomas Wendy 1661–1674
Sir Thomas Hatton, 2nd Baronet 1674–1679
The Lord Alington
| Member of Parliament for Cambridge
With: The Lord Alington 1679–1685
Sir William Wren 1685–1689
Sir John Cotton 1685–1689
Sir John Cotton
Title last held bySir John Cutts
| Custos Rotulorum of Cambridgeshire
Sir Robert Carr
| Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
seal in commission
| Master-General of the Ordnance
Sir John Carleton, Bt
| High Sheriff of Cambridgeshire
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