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William Juxon

Archbishop of Canterbury
ChurchChurch of England
ProvinceProvince of Canterbury
DioceseDiocese of Canterbury
Elected13 September 1660 (elected);
20 September 1660 (election confirmed), Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey
Installed25 September 1660
Term ended4 June 1663 (death)
PredecessorWilliam Laud
SuccessorGilbert Sheldon
Other post(s)
Personal details
Chichester, Sussex, England
Died(1663-06-04)4 June 1663 (aged approximately 81)
Lambeth, Surrey, England
Buried9 July 1663, Chapel of St John's College, Oxford
ParentsRichard Juxon
Occupationalso a minister of the Crown
ProfessionLawyer; academic
EducationMerchant Taylors' School
Alma materSt John's College, Oxford
SignatureWilliam Juxon's signature
Ordination history of
William Juxon
Diaconal ordination
DateSeptember 1606
Priestly ordination
DateSeptember 1607
Episcopal consecration
Principal consecratorWilliam Laud (Cantuar)
Date27 October 1633

William Juxon (1582 – 4 June 1663) was an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1646 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 until his death.[2]



Juxon was the son of Richard Juxon and was born probably in Chichester, and was educated at the local grammar school, The Prebendal School.[3] He then went on to Merchant Taylors' School, London, and St John's College, Oxford, where he was elected to a scholarship in 1598.

Ecclesiastical offices

Juxon studied law at Oxford, but afterwards took holy orders, and in 1609 became vicar of St Giles' Church, Oxford, where he stayed until he became rector of Somerton, Oxfordshire in 1615. In December 1621, he succeeded his friend, William Laud, as President (i.e. head) of St John's College, and in 1626 and 1627 he was Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford. Juxon soon obtained other important positions, including that in 1632 of Clerk of the Closet to King Charles I.

In 1627, he was made Dean of Worcester and in 1632 he was nominated to the See of Hereford and resigned the presidency of St John's in January 1633. Though he legally became Bishop of Hereford by the confirmation of his election in late July 1633,[4] he never took up duties at Hereford, as in October 1633 he was consecrated Bishop of London in succession to Laud.

Secular offices

In March 1636 Charles I entrusted Juxon with important secular duties by making him Lord High Treasurer of England as well as First Lord of the Admiralty; for the next five years he had to deal with many financial and other difficulties. He resigned the treasurership in May 1641. During the Civil War, the bishop, against whom no charges were brought in parliament, lived undisturbed at Fulham Palace. His advice was often sought by the king, who had a very high opinion of him. The king selected Juxon to be with him on the scaffold and to offer him the last rites before his execution.

Retirement and archbishopric

Juxon was deprived of the See of London by Parliament on 9 October 1646, and episcopacy was abolished for the duration of the Commonwealth and the Protectorate.[5][6] He retired to Little Compton in Gloucestershire (now in Warwickshire), where he had bought an estate, and became famous as the owner of a pack of hounds. At the restoration of Charles II, letters missive were issued (on 2 September 1660) naming Juxon (restored Bishop of London) Archbishop of Canterbury.

The congé d'élire was issued the next day and the chapter of Canterbury duly elected him on 13 September. The king's assent to the election was given on 15 September and the confirmation of Juxon's election (the legal ceremony by which he took office) was held in the Henry VII Chapel of Westminster Abbey on 20 September 1660.[a][7] He received the temporalities on 22 September and was enthroned at Canterbury on 25 September.[8] Juxon, as Archbishop of Canterbury, then took part in the new king's coronation, but his health soon began to fail and he died at Lambeth in 1663. By his will the archbishop was a benefactor to St John's College, where he was buried; he also aided the work of restoring St Paul's Cathedral and rebuilt the great hall at Lambeth Palace.


Juxon House, which stands north-west of St Paul's Cathedral at the top of Ludgate Hill in London and forms part of the Paternoster Square development, is named after him. Juxon Street on land at Walton Manor formerly owned by St John's College in the inner-city suburb of Jericho, Oxford, is also named after him [9] as is another Juxon Street at Lambeth Walk, close to Juxon's former residence at Lambeth Palace.


  1. ^ Perceval, A. P. "An Apology for the Doctrine of Apostolical Succession: with an Appendix on the English Orders". p. 204.
  2. ^ Mason, Thomas (1985). Serving God and Mammon: William Juxon, 1582–1663. University of Delaware Press. ISBN 978-0-87413-251-9.
  3. ^ Haivry, Ofir (29 June 2017). John Selden and the Western Political Tradition. Cambridge University Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-107-01134-2.
  4. ^ "Juxon, William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15179. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ Plant, David (2002). "Episcopalians". BCW Project. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  6. ^ King, Peter (July 1968). "The Episcopate during the Civil Wars, 1642-1649". The English Historical Review. 83 (328). Oxford University Press: 523–537. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxxxiii.cccxxviii.523. JSTOR 564164.
  7. ^ Lambeth Palace Library Research Guide – Places of Confirmation of Election of Archbishops of Canterbury (Accessed 31 July 2013)
  8. ^ Horn, Joyce M. (1974), Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857, vol. 3, pp. 8–12
  9. ^ "Juxon Street". Retrieved 12 November 2018.


External links

5 Annotations

First Reading

Pedro  •  Link

William Juxon.

(1582 – June 4, 1663) was an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1649 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 until his death.…

Charles I entrusted to Bishop Juxon his last letter to his son, a long message of advice and blessing.

For a picture see……

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

JUXON, WILLIAM (1582-1663), archbishop of Canterbury; educated at Merchant Taylors' School, London, and St. John's College, Oxford; B.C.L., 1603; D.C.L., 1622; vicar of St. Giles, Oxford, 1609-16; rector of Somerton, 1615; president of St. John's College, Oxford, 1621-33; vice-chancellor, 1627-8; dean of Worcester, 1627; clerk of the closet on Laud's recommendation, 1632; as bishop of London, 1633-49, directed the restoration of St. Paul's and enforced conformity without giving offence; a lord of the admiralty, 1636-8; lord high treasurer, 1636-41; Summoned as a witness against Strafford, whose attainder he advised Charles I to veto; attended the king at Newport and during his trial; received his last words on the scaffold; archbishop of Canterbury, 1660-3; buried in the chapel of St. John's College, Oxford, to which he left 7,000l.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

Bill  •  Link

Bishop Juxon, the friend of Laud, was of a very different character from that prelate. The mildness of his temper, the gentleness of his manners, and the integrity of his life, gained him universal esteem; and even the haters of prelacy could never hate Juxon. This worthy man, who never sought preferment, was promoted to the highest dignity in the church upon the restoration of Charles II. Ob. 4 June, 1663, AEt. 81.
---A Biographical History of England. J. Granger, 1824.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

✹ Terry Foreman about 22 hours ago • Link • Flag

"Do we know anything more about Juxon's time at the Admiralty?"

"3 June 1636) he was made a lord of the admiralty, a post he held till April 1638, when / his commission was terminated, by the king's resolution to make the young Duke of York lord high admiral. He was a very regular attendant at the meetings of the council held every Sunday, and meetings of the admiralty board were constantly held at his own house. He thus exerted a general supervision over all departments of the government."…... pp. 234-235

"As Lord High Treasurer and First Lord of the Admiralty, Juxon was the last English clergyman to hold both secular and clerical offices in the medieval tradition of clerical state service."…...

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Archbishop William Juxon's coat of arms is a red cross on a yellow background with the heads of four "blackamoors" in the quadrants. I wonder why.

Furthermore, since the 17th century, four African men have looked out over the River Thames from the rooftops of Lambeth Palace. These four men are depicted on the weathervane of the palace's Great Hall, as well as being part of the coat of arms of Archbishop William Juxon. They are just a few examples of the many of the images of Africans inside what is now the sole London residence of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

Juxon's unusual coat of arms is the center one in this display:…

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.