The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:

Open location in Google Maps: 51.513284, -0.031397


This text was copied from Wikipedia on 13 July 2024 at 6:10AM.

Limehouse Town Hall on Commercial Road, built in 1878 for the Limehouse District
Limehouse is located in Greater London
Location within Greater London
Population15,986 (2011 Census, Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ365815
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtE14
Dialling code020
UK Parliament
London Assembly

Limehouse is a district in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets in East London. It is 3.9 miles (6.3 km) east of Charing Cross, on the northern bank of the River Thames. Its proximity to the river has given it a strong maritime character, which it retains through its riverside public houses and steps, such as The Grapes and Limehouse Stairs. It is part of the traditional county of Middlesex. It became part of the ceremonial County of London following the passing of the Local Government Act 1888, and then part of Greater London in 1965.

The area gives its name to Limehouse Reach, a section of the Thames which runs south to Millwall after making a right-angled bend at Cuckold's Point, Rotherhithe. The west-to-east section upstream of Cuckold's Point is properly called the Lower Pool.[2]



A map showing the civil parish boundaries in 1870.
A map showing the Limehouse wards of Stepney Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

The name relates to the local lime kilns or, more precisely, lime oasts, by the river and operated by the large potteries[3] that served shipping in the London Docks. The name is from Old English līm-āst "lime-oast", and appears in a 1335 record.[4]

The name is found used in 1417:

Inquisicio capta sup' litus Thomisie apud Lymhosteys pro morte Thome Frank.

("Inquest held on the shore of the Thames by Lymhosteys for the death of Thomas Frank")

17 Aug, 5 Henry V. [A.D. 1417], inquest held before "les Lymehostes" within the liberty and franchise of the City, before Henry Bartone, the Mayor, and the King's Escheator, as to the cause of the death of Thomas Franke, of Herewich, late steersman (conductor) or "lodysman" of a ship called "la Mary Knyght" of Danzsk in Prussia. A jury sworn, viz., John Baille, Matthew Holme, Robert Marle, Henry Mark, Alexander Bryan, John Goby, Richard Hervy, Walter Steel, Peter West, Richard Stowell, John Dyse, and Walter Broun. They find that the said Thomas Franke was killed by falling on the sharp end of an anchor

Administrative history

The area was part of the historic (or ancient) county of Middlesex, but military and most (or all) civil county functions were managed more locally, by the Tower Division (also known as the Tower Hamlets), under the leadership of the Lord-Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets (the post was always filled by the Constable of the Tower of London).

The role of the Tower Division ended when Limehouse became part of the new County of London in 1889. The County of London was replaced by Greater London in 1965.

Maritime links

From its foundation, Limehouse, like neighbouring Wapping, has enjoyed better links with the river than the land, the land route being across a marsh. Limehouse became a significant port in late medieval times.[5] Although most cargoes were discharged in the Pool of London before the establishment of the docks, industries such as shipbuilding, ship chandlering and rope making were established in Limehouse. Though most cargoes were discharged in the Pool of London before the establishment of the docks, industries such as shipbuilding, ship chandlering and rope making were established in Limehouse.

John Boydell's view of the riverside at Limehouse in 1751 shows respectable houses and shipyards crowding onto the riverfront

Limehouse Basin opened in 1820 as the Regent's Canal Dock. This was an important connection between the Thames and the canal system, where cargoes could be transferred from larger ships to the shallow-draught canal boats. This mix of vessels can still be seen in the Basin: canal narrowboats rubbing shoulders with seagoing yachts.[6]

From the Tudor era until the 20th century, ships crews were employed on a casual basis. New and replacement crews would be found wherever they were available – foreign sailors in their own waters being particularly prized for their knowledge of currents and hazards in ports around the world. Crews would be paid off at the end of their voyages and, inevitably, permanent communities of foreign sailors became established, including colonies of Lascars and Africans from the Guinea Coast. Large Chinese communities developed at Shadwell, Limehouse and the adjoining Pennyfields area of Poplar.[7] These were established by the crews of merchantmen in the opium and tea trades, particularly Han Chinese. The area achieved notoriety for opium dens in the late 19th century, often featured in pulp fiction works by Sax Rohmer and others. Like much of the East End it remained a focus for immigration, but after the devastation of the Second World War many of the Chinese community relocated to Soho.[8][9]

On 12 February 1832, the first case of cholera was reported in London at Limehouse. First described in India in 1817, it had spread here via Hamburg. Although 800 people died during this epidemic, it was fewer than had died of tuberculosis in the same year. Unfortunately, cholera visited again in 1848 and 1858.[10]

The use of Limehouse Basin as a major distribution hub declined with the growth of the railways, although the revival of canal traffic during World War I and World War II gave it a brief swansong. Today, Stepney Historical Trust works to advance the public's education in the history of the area.

Modern Limehouse

Limehouse Reach seen from above Limehouse Marina, with Ropemakers' Fields in the foreground.

Limehouse Basin was amongst the first docks to close in the late 1960s. By 1981, Limehouse shared the docklands-wide physical, social and economic decline which led to the setting up of the London Docklands Development Corporation. In November 1982, the LDDC published its Limehouse Area Development Strategy.[11] This built on existing plans for Limehouse Basin, and offered a discussion framework for future development, housing refurbishment and environmental improvements across the whole of Limehouse. It was based on four major projects: Limehouse Basin, Free Trade Wharf, what was then known as the Light Rapid Transit Route (DLR) and the Docklands Northern Relief Road, a road corridor between The Highway and East India Dock across the north of the Isle of Dogs.

In the mid-1980s, developments on the nearby Isle of Dogs (particularly at Canary Wharf), proved to be the catalyst to delivering infrastructure improvements which benefitted Limehouse and some other areas of the London Docklands.

The sheer scale of the Canary Wharf proposals, and, in due course, the rapid implementation of the first phase of development, provided the impetus to the transport improvements which completely altered prospects for Limehouse as well as for the Isle of Dogs. The derelict Regent's Canal Dock was converted into Limehouse Marina.

The Troxy concert venue is located in Limehouse on the Commercial Road.


A statue of Clement Attlee, mayor of Stepney (1919) and MP for Limehouse stands outside the former Limehouse Library.

On 30 July 1909, the Chancellor of the Exchequer David Lloyd George made a polemical speech in Limehouse attacking the House of Lords for its opposition to his "People's Budget" and speaking of the Budget's social aims. This was the origin of the verb 'to Limehouse', "To make fiery (political) speeches such as Mr. Lloyd George made at Limehouse in 1909".[12]

From 1906 to 1909, Clement Attlee worked as manager of Haileybury House, a club for working class boys in Limehouse run by his old school. Before this, Attlee's political views had been conservative, but he was shocked by the poverty and deprivation he saw while working with slum children, and this caused him to become a socialist. He joined the Independent Labour Party in 1908, and became mayor of Stepney in 1919. At the 1922 general election, Attlee became Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Limehouse, which he represented while Deputy Prime Minister. After WWII he moved constituencies to Walthamstow West.[13]

On 25 January 1981, MPs Shirley Williams, Roy Jenkins, William Rodgers and David Owen made the Limehouse Declaration from the bridge over Limehouse Cut in Narrow Street: it announced the formation of the Council for Social Democracy in opposition to the granting of block votes to the trade unions in the Labour Party to which they had previously belonged.[14] They soon became leading politicians in the Social Democratic Party.

Today, Limehouse is part of the constituency of Poplar and Limehouse and has been represented in the House of Commons since 2019 by Apsana Begum MP (Labour), and in the London Assembly since 2016 by Unmesh Desai AM (also Labour).

In popular culture

Limehouse Basin looking north, DLR train in background. (January 2006)

The area inspired Douglas Furber (lyricist) and Philip Braham (composer) in 1921 to write the popular jazz standard "Limehouse Blues",[15] which was introduced by Jack Buchanan and Gertrude Lawrence in the musical revue "A to Z". Much later, it was reprised in the ballet "Limehouse Blues" featuring Fred Astaire and Lucille Bremer in the musical film Ziegfeld Follies (1946) and by Julie Andrews in Star! (1968). In both instances the actors were in yellowface. Other notable performances on film include those by Hoagy Carmichael in To Have and Have Not (1944) and by Borrah Minevich and His Harmonica Rascals in One in a Million (1936). Limehouse Blues was also the name of a 1934 film, starring George Raft.[16]

Thomas Burke wrote Limehouse Nights (1916), a collection of stories centred around life in the poverty-stricken Limehouse district of London. Many of Burke's books feature the Chinese character Quong Lee as narrator. The area also features in the Fu Manchu books of Sax Rohmer, where a Limehouse opium den serves as the hideout of the Chinese supervillain. The notion of East End opium dens seems to have originated with a description by Charles Dickens of a visit he made to an opium den in nearby Bluegate Fields, which inspired certain scenes in his last, unfinished, novel The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1870).[17][18] More recently, the popular graphic novels of Alan Moore, From Hell (1989) and The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen (1999) contain a number of references to the notorious criminality of the area in Victorian London. Victorian-era Limehouse was also the setting of the novel Dan Leno and the Limehouse Golem (1995) by Peter Ackroyd, a fictionalized account of the notorious 'Limehouse Golem' serial murders.[19]

The area also appeared in Anna Mae Wong's 1929 film Piccadilly, where, as the toughly alluring Shosho, Wong was said to embody the Limehouse Chinatown mystique. The Limehouse district of London is depicted in the silent film "Broken Blossoms" or "The Yellow Man And The Girl" directed by D.W. Griffith (1919) "where the Orient squats at the portals of the West." Limehouse is also the setting of the 1926 film "The Blackbird," directed by Tod Browning and starring Lon Chaney. The Limehouse district features prominently in the 1942 film Sherlock Holmes and the Voice of Terror, when Holmes enlists the aid of rather unsavory residents to help catch a Nazi agent.


Early Georgian terrace on Narrow Street, with The Grapes public house. (January 2006)

St Anne's Limehouse was built by Nicholas Hawksmoor. A pyramid originally planned to be put atop the tower now stands in the graveyard. The church is next door to Limehouse Town Hall and close to Limehouse Library, both Grade II listed buildings, the former now used as a community centre. Across the road is the Sailors' Mission, where Situationist International held its conference in 1960. The building subsequently became a run-down hostel for the homeless which became notorious for its squalor, although it has since been converted into a luxury apartment block.

Further to the southwest, Narrow Street, Limehouse's historic spine, which runs along the back of the Thames wharves, boasts one of the few surviving early Georgian terraces in London. Next to the terrace is the historic Grapes pub, rebuilt in 1720 and well known to Charles Dickens, featuring as the Six Jolly Fellowship Porters in Our Mutual Friend. A few doors along was Booty's Riverside Bar but this closed down in 2012. Almost every building on the other side of Narrow Street was destroyed by bombing in the Second World War, including hundreds of houses, Taylor Walker & Co's Barley Mow Brewery and a school. One notable exception is a former public house, known locally as 'The House They Left Behind', because it was the only Victorian terrace to survive. It still stands today, with the aid of three large supporting pillars.

Further along the street is 'The Narrow', a gastropub, now run by Gordon Ramsay. It is housed in the Grade II listed, former dockmaster's and customs house, for Limehouse Dock.[20]


The Stepney Greencoat School is a Church of England primary school that was founded in 1710 by leading community members to local children, it has served the area as it transformed from an industrial to the mixed, multicultural settlement that Limehouse has become today.[21]



On 31 July 1987 the Docklands Light Railway, which operated over the old LBR line, commenced operations, with new platforms (platforms 3 and 4) built on the site of the old London and Blackwall Railway platforms;[22] the station had been renamed Limehouse from Stepney East on 11 May that year.[23] It is located in Limehouse, not Stepney and is served by National Rail c2c and DLR services.

Between March and October 2007, West India Quay canopy was replaced in a £1.85m project funded by Transport for London.[24] The distance from West India Quay to Canary Wharf is just 0.124 miles (199 m),[25] the shortest distance on the entire London Underground and Docklands Light Railway system.

On 22 April 1991, two trains collided at the Delta Junction, in between Limehouse and Poplar on the West India Quay bridge during morning rush hour, requiring a shutdown of the system and evacuation of passengers by ladder.[26][27]


A number of London Buses routes serve Limehouse, including routes 15, 115, 135, D3 and night bus routes N15, N550 and N551.[28]

Roads, cycling, walking

Corner of Burdett Road and Commercial Road.

Limehouse is connected to the National Road Network by the A13 Commercial Road which passes west–east through Limehouse, while the A1203 Limehouse Link tunnel passes under Limehouse Basin, linking The Highway with the Docklands Northern Relief Road. The northern entrance of the Rotherhithe Tunnel emerges in Limehouse, to the west of the Basin and close to Limehouse railway station.[29]

Narrow Street forms a part of the north bank of the Thames Path and had previously been the principal street in Limehouse, it includes the Cycle Superhighway CS3 between Tower Gateway to Barking and is one of London's first Cycle Superhighways. Some local residents raised a petition calling for CS3 to be moved from Narrow Street onto Commercial Road, arguing that the street was too narrow and that incidents of abuse and aggression had risen sharply since the route was introduced. Transport for London (TfL) said they had no plans to move it. Former Mayor Boris Johnson defended the choice as a road that was already popular with cyclists to and from the City.[30] The London Cycling Campaign however supported the route but called for improvements.[31] In 2011, TfL agreed to remove logos from the road surface, but not to change the route.[32] Vehicular access is limited, as the area is cut off by the entrance to the Limehouse link tunnel and parking is strictly controlled, however, this makes the area reasonably quiet for cyclists. Public access to the foreshore is prohibited, apparently part of the security arrangements for former Foreign Secretary, David Owen. The National Cycle Route 1 also runs in Limehouse north and south.


Though no longer a working dock, Limehouse Basin with its marina remains a working facility. The same is not true of the wharf buildings that have survived, most of which are now highly desirable residential properties. Limehouse Basin connects to the Regent's Canal via the Commercial Road Lock to the north, and the River Thames via Limehouse Basin Lock to the south. The Limehouse Cut connects the Basin to the River Lea in the east.

Notable residents

Sir Humphrey Gilbert, c. 1583

Sir Humphrey Gilbert lived here,[33] and was an advocate of opening up the Northwest Passage. This inspired Martin Frobisher to sail to Baffin Island, and he returned with a mysterious black rock.[34] Gilbert set up the Society of the New Art with Lord Burghley and the Earl of Leicester, who had their alchemical laboratory in Limehouse;[35] however, their attempts to transmute the black rock into gold proved fruitless. (Humphrey's brother Adrian Gilbert was reputed a great alchemist and worked closely with John Dee.) [36]

Captain Christopher Newport lived in Limehouse for several years up until 1595.[37] He rose through the sailing ranks from a poor cabin boy to a wealthy English privateer and eventually one of the Masters of the Royal Navy. He became rich pirating Spanish treasure vessels in the West Indies. In 1607 he sailed the Susan Constant, followed by the Godspeed and Discovery, as Admiral of the Fleet to Jamestown. He helped secure England's foothold in North America through five voyages to Jamestown. He sailed his entire life, dying on a trading voyage to Bantam, on the island of Java in present-day Indonesia. His sailing experience in Limehouse made him known as Captain Christopher Newport, of Limehouse, Mariner.

Charles Dickens' godfather, Christopher Huffam,[38] ran his sailmaking business from 12 Church Row (Newell Street).[39] Huffam is said to be the inspiration for the Paul Dombey character in Dickens' Dombey and Son.

James McNeill Whistler[40] and Charles Napier Hemy[41] sketched and painted at locations on Narrow Street's river waterfront.

Contemporary residents include the actor Sir Ian McKellen,[42] Matthew Parris,[43] comedy actress Cleo Rocos,[44] actor Steven Berkoff,[45] comedian Lee Hurst ,[46] as well as politician Lord David Owen.[47] Limehouse was also the home of the late film director Sir David Lean.[48]



  1. ^ "Tower Hamlets Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.
  2. ^ Port of London Authority Map of the River Thames, Lower Pool to Limehouse Reach (October 2013 – January 2014); Chandler, The New Seaman's Guide and Coaster's Companion; Henry Wheatley, London Past and Present, 362; Norie, New and Extensive Sailing Directions for the Navigation of the North Sea. It can be seen clearly in Stanford's Library Map of London 1872 [1] vs. [2] accessed 27 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Limehouse | neighbourhood, Tower Hamlets, London, United Kingdom". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Stepney: Settlement and Building to c.1700". A History of the County Middlesex. Vol. 11. London: Victoria County History. 1998. Retrieved 16 March 2024.
  5. ^ Foley, Michael (2014). London's Docklands through time (2014 ed.). Amberley Publishing. p. 24. ISBN 9781445640495.
  6. ^ "Regent's Canal Dock – London's docks and shipping". Port Cities. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  7. ^ On the Chinese at Pennyfields, Poplar 'Pennyfields', in Survey of London: Volumes 43 and 44, Poplar, Blackwall and Isle of Dogs, ed. Hermione Hobhouse (London, 1994), pp. 111-113. British History Online [accessed 22 September 2021].
  8. ^ "Chinese in the Port of London – Port communities". Port Cities. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  9. ^ "The port in literature – Thames art, literature and architecture". Port Cities. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  10. ^ "The 1832 cholera epidemic in East London (1979)". 27 November 2004. Archived from the original on 27 November 2004.
  11. ^ "LDDC Completion Booklet – Wapping and Limehouse". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  12. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, "Limehouse".
  13. ^ Beckett, Francis. (1997) Clem Attlee: A Biography Francis Beckett (Richard Cohen Books) ISBN 1-86066-101-7
  14. ^ Campbell, John (2014). Roy Jenkins- A well Rounded Life. Jonathan Cape. pp. 558–9. ISBN 978-0-224-08750-6.
  15. ^ Prairie Multimedia, Inc. "Kendor Music Online – Limehouse Blues". Archived from the original on 18 April 2005. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  16. ^ Limehouse Blues at IMDb
  17. ^ Peter Ackroyd (1990) Dickens: 1046
  18. ^ A Curious Burial Archived 20 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine 11 January 1890 East London Observer – an account of the burial of Ah Sing, said to be the inspiration for the character of the opium seller. Accessed 22 July 2008
  19. ^ Ackroyd, Peter (1995). Dan Leno and the Limehouse Golem. Vintage. ISBN 0749396598.
  20. ^ Historic England. "British Waterways Customs House on West Quay of Regent's Canal Dock Entrance (1242313)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 13 December 2008.
  21. ^ School, Stepney Greencoat CE Primary. "Our History". Stepney Greencoat CE Primary School.
  22. ^ "Subterranea Britannica – Stepney East".
  23. ^ "Docklands Light Railway". Clive's UndergrounD Line Guides.
  24. ^ "West India Quay Station works completed" (Press release). Transport for London. 29 October 2007. Retrieved 29 October 2007.
  25. ^ Yonge, John (November 2008) [1994]. Jacobs, Gerald (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 5: Southern & TfL (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. map 48. ISBN 978-0-9549866-4-3.
  26. ^ Kamens, Jonathan I. (23 April 1991). "Another commuter train wreck in London". RISKS Digest. Vol. 11, no. 52. Archived from the original on 26 July 2007.
  27. ^ "Computer-controlled commuter trains collide in east London". UPI. 22 April 1991.
  28. ^ "Buses from Limehouse" (PDF). Transport for London. 1 September 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 November 2019. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  29. ^ de Castella, Tom (27 June 2011). "The UK's last, great, expensive, short roads". BBC News.
  30. ^ Our street is too narrow for a cycle superhighway Archived 10 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Evening Standard, 27 October 2010
  31. ^ Do you think Narrow Street is wide enough for bicycles?, London Cycling Campaign, November 2010
  32. ^ Marina Thomas (8 February 2011). "Narrow Street cycle highway logos to be removed after campaign". The Docklands. Archant. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  33. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gilbert, Sir Humphrey" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 7.
  34. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Frobisher, Sir Martin" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 237–238.
  35. ^ Calendar of the Patent Rolls, Elizabeth I, Vol. VI, 1572–1575 Joel Hurstfield The English Historical Review, Vol. 91, No. 358 (January 1976), pp. 127–129
  36. ^ Parry, G. J. R. (2011). The Arch-conjuror of England : John Dee. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300117196.
  37. ^ K.R. Andrews, Christopher Newport of Limehouse, Mariner, William and Mary Quarterly 3d ser., 11, no. 1(January 1954):28.
  38. ^ West, Gilian. "Huffam and Son." Dickensian 95, no. 447 (Spring, 1999): 5–18.
  39. ^ "charles dickens". 13 August 2004. Archived from the original on 13 August 2004.
  40. ^ "James McNeill Whistler / Limehouse / 1878". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  41. ^ The Barge Builders in The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 126, No. 981 (December 1984), p. 786+804
  42. ^ Keith Stern/CompuWeb (25 May 1939). "Sir Ian McKellen Personal Bio | Prior to launch of his website". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  43. ^ Farndale, Nigel (3 October 2002). "We'll always have Parris". Telegraph. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  44. ^ "The Wharf: News from Canary Wharf and the Docklands". Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  45. ^ "Independent Online Edition > Profiles". 7 January 2007. Archived from the original on 7 January 2007.
  46. ^ Thomas, Marina (16 March 2011). "Limehouse comedian Lee Hurst joins park protesters on march to City Hall". Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  47. ^ "David Owen Papers – Biographical notes". 9 July 2001. Archived from the original on 9 July 2001.
  48. ^ "CBSi". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2016.

External links

  • Media related to Limehouse at Wikimedia Commons

9 Annotations

First Reading

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

A part of the main river-side road was long known as Limekiln Hill, after this lime-house.
---Wheatley, 1899.

Bill  •  Link

Limehouse, a parish on the Middlesex bank of the Thames, between Wapping and Poplar, originally a hamlet of Stepney, and first made a distinct parish in 1730. The parish has an area of 243 acres, and a population of 32,004 in 1881, an increase of 2085 since 1871.
"Lime-hurst, or Lime-hostes," writes Stow (p. 157), "corruptly called Lime-house;" and following the suggestion, the name has been said to be from the hurst or wood of lime trees growing there. But there is no evidence that lime trees were ever abundant here, or that there was a hurst of any kind . On the other hand, lime-burning was largely practised here from time immemorial. An inquest was held, August 17, 1417, "near to the water or banks of the water of Thames, before the Lymehostes" or lime-houses, respecting the death by drowning of "the steersman or lodysman" of a certain ship ; and there can be little doubt that the Lymehostes gave their name to the place. Norden, at the end of Elizabeth's reign, speaks of the kiln here as in continual use—and it so continued down to our own day. In Tarleton's Jests, 1611, it is said that "at low fall, the watermen get afraid of the cross-cables by the Lime-house" and fifty years later (October 9, 1661) Pepys visits a house "close by the lime-house, which gives name to the place." A part of the main river-side road by the limekiln was called Limekiln Hill until a few years ago, when it was made to form the south end of Three Colt Street; and the dock by the kiln has always been called Limekiln Dock.
---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Notes taken from…

The riverside district north of Millwall was known as Limehouse Hole by the 17th century, and seems originally to have designated a part of the river itself. The name reflects the area's historically greater links with Limehouse than with Poplar or the Isle of Dogs.

The Breach, Poplar Gut and the Gut House.
A large section of the medieval river wall below Limehouse was breached on 20 March, 1660 and much of the Isle of Dogs flooded. It was the worst breach since that of 1449, although smaller ones had occurred from time to time.

The Poplar Commissioners of Sewers repaired the damage and rebuilt other sections of defective wall, at a cost of more than £16,000, raised by the imposition on landowners of high rates (about £24 per acre). The work was done by William Ham, Orton Brooker and George Salmon, and presumably consisted of timber piling and planking, with chalk and clay fill and buttressing.

The new wall was back from the river behind unprotected foreland which was called simply "the Breach".

Most of the floodwater was drained, but approx 5 acres remained, stretching eastwards and came to be called the Great Gut, or Poplar Gut.

Limehouse Hole went south from the parish boundary to the South West India Dock (Impounding) entrance lock and inland to include Garford Street.
This was one of the first parts of the parish of Poplar to be developed.

Limehouse spread east in the 17th century, Limehouse Hole was built up with shipping-related enterprises. There were shipbuilders, barge-builders, boat-builders, rope-makers, sail-makers, mast-makers, block-makers and ship-chandlers, as well as general wharfingers.

Away from the river there were other industrial premises, and some houses.

The Margetts's Ropeyard
The 8 acres of riverside land immediately south of the boundary between Limehouse and Poplar, empty save perhaps for a few small houses behind the river wall, were leased by Sir Edward and Sir John Yate to John Graves in 1633.
Graves was a shipbuilder at the yard on the north side of the boundary, later known as Limekiln Dockyard and then as Dundee Wharf.

The northern part of this property was sublet to George Margetts and, c1650, developed as a rope-making yard with a wharf, rope house, storehouse, houses and a rope walk.

In 1664 Samuel Pepys visited Margetts's ropeyard and decided to use it to supply the Navy. The royal dockyards at Woolwich, Chatham and Portsmouth had their own roperies, but Deptford did not, and the Margettses were its principal suppliers of cordage in the late 17th century.

In 1662 Margetts acquired the freehold of Graves' 8 acres, with an additional 2½ acres to the east.

Building gradually increased. In 1664 the Poplar Commissioners of Sewers built a storehouse south of Margetts's rope house, which housed the tools used by the 'marsh-men' to maintain the river wall and foreshore.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link


The site south of the rope-yard buildings and north of the passage to Limehouse Hole Stairs (Thames Place) was a boat-builder's shed and yard, later used for mast-making.

Limehouse Hole was a plying place for watermen from the 17th century. There were two sets of river stairs in 1687, but only those at the end of the passage that became Thames Place survived.

Near the stairs there was a public house, perhaps known as the White Lion in the late 17th century, later the Chequers, and then the Horns and Chequers.

The Royal Oak public house stood to the east of the distillery on the road that became Emmett Street.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

The Grapes is a famous riverside pub, dating from the 1550's. Given Pepys' love of eating out, it's amazing to me that he never mentions going there. For some gritty pictures and stories past and present of this landmark:…

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.




  • Dec



  • Sep