This text was copied from Wikipedia on 21 May 2023 at 5:10AM.
A Jacobus is an English gold coin of the reign of James I, worth 25 shillings. The name of the coin comes from the Latin inscription surrounding the King's head on the obverse of the coin, IACOBUS D G MAG BRIT FRA ET HI REX ("James, by the grace of God, of Britain, France and Ireland King").
Isaac Newton refers to the coin in a letter to John Locke:
The Jacobus piece coin'd for 20 shillings is the 41th: part of a pound Troy, and a Carolus 20s piece is of the same weight. But a broad Jacobus (as I find by weighing some of them) is the 38th part of a pound Troy.
These correspond to masses of 9.10 and 9.82 grams respectively, making the broad Jacobus slightly heavier.
- ^ A Discourse of Coin and Coinage
- ^ Letter of Isaac Newton dated September 19, 1698, to John Locke, concerning the weight and fineness of various coins.
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