M.Elaine Walker • Link
Sir Edward Thurland was an eminent lawyer & judge, reasonably fair for the times (in which most were jaundiced by corruption and partiality). He was quite careful of his reputation.
Even so, when he was named for judge on a case,(Easter Sessions, Reigate, Surrey 1671)one party sollicited him heavily beforehand and the other party,Sir Nicholas Stoughton, Bt.(whose memoirs I've just transcribed)hired Thurland's son as counsel,'which I suppose was the reason his father was so much for me'. Stoughton refers often to Thurland in his MS.
"Portrait Of Sir Edward Thurland, Baron Thurland (1606-1683)" oil on Canvas.
by (after) John Michael Wright
Edward Thurland, born at Reigate in 1606, and called to the bar by the Inner Temple on October 2nd, 1634; M.P. for Reigate, May, 1640, also in 1660 and 1661. Recorder of Reigate and Guildford, and appointed Solicitor to the Duke of York, when he was knighted. Baron of the Exchequer, 1673. Died December 10th, 1682.
THURLAND, Sir EDWARD (1606-1683), judge; barrister. Inner Temple, 1634; member for Reigate in the Short, Convention, and Restoration parliaments: recorder of Reigate and Guildford, 1661; solicitor to James, duke of York, and knighted, 1665; baron of the exchequer, 1673; friend of Evelyn and Jeremy Taylor.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
Solicitor-general to James, Duke of York, Sir Edward Thurland MP was one of 22 Fire Court judges, responsible for sorting out the legal entanglements for the rebuilding of London. after the Great Fire of 1666. The Fire Court process lasted 10 years, and the judges -- to their great credit -- refused all fees. Because of their work, London was largely rebuilt in that time. For more info., see
https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1666/11/05/#c551… for the Fire Courts, and his Parliamentary bio at
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.