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Pauline  •  Link

from L&M Companion
kt 1660, bt 1665 (c. 1615-80). Merchant and financier. He lived in London Wall in a large house (taxed on 22 hearths) next door to James Houblon, sen. He had provided money for the King when he was in exile and was a confidant of Clarendon, to whom he acted (with Sir. G. Carteret) as business adviser. Among the many offices he held were those of Commissioner of the Customs 1660-2, farmer of the customs 1662-71, collector of customs in London from 1669, and Treasurer of the Dunkirk garrison 1660-2. He served on the Council for Trade 1660-8 and that for Foreign Plantations 1661-70; amd was M.P. for Lyme Regis 1661-Jan. 79.

Bill  •  Link

Sir John Shaw, a Farmer of the Customs, was created Baronet, in 1665, for his services in lending the King large sums of money during his exile. Ob. 1679-80.
---Diary and correspondence of Samuel Pepys, the diary deciphered by J. Smith. 1854.

Bill  •  Link

Sir John Shaw, once a vintners boy, got of the crown, out of the customs, and by other wayes, 60000l.
---A Seasonable Argument ... for a New Parliament. Andrew Marvell, [1677] 1776.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Sir John Shaw: among his many offices he held a surveyorship of the royal forests.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Sir John Shaw was the MP for Lyme Regis during the Diary years. His biography for these times may explain Pepys challenges:

Sir John Shaw MP "was appointed to the committees to report on the effect of customs duties on the balance of trade, to renew the Navigation Acts, to consider a bill to naturalize prize ships, and to recommend increases in import duties.

"Meanwhile the Treasury alleged ‘fraudulent practices’ in the accounts of the first customs farm, of which he was the last surviving partner, and remarked of the Dunkirk account which he presented with Backwell in 1668 that it appeared ‘wholly irregular’.

"Even Shaw’s humble neighbour, the clerk of the Woolwich ropeyard, was able, with the support of Samuel Pepys, to defy the great man over a parcel of 100 tons of Flemish hemp, which Shaw wished to unload on the navy at £44 a ton. Every bundle had to be opened by this dutiful official ‘knowing what cheats are usually packed up in the midst of it’, and of the first 34 tons, 16 were cast out as refuse.

"In vain might Shaw write to the clerk to beware, lest it go to the King; he was neither to be terrified by menaces nor tempted by allurements, though he did complain of ‘more trouble and vexation over this pitiful parcel of stuff than I have known amongst £200,000 worth from others’.

"It is impossible not to conclude that Shaw was lucky to escape the humiliations that befell Carteret at the hands of the House of Commons."

Loaning a fortune to Charles II during his exile only gives you so much cover, Sir John. https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/…

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.


  • Sep