1893 text

Cruzado, a Portuguese coin of 480 reis. It is named from a cross which it bears on one side, the arms of Portugal being on the other. It varied in value at different periods from 2_s. 3_d. to 4_s._

This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

5 Annotations

First Reading

Pedro  •  Link

Cruzado (Crusado)

Portugal introduced the cruzado coin in 1457 in the reign of Alfonso V. The gold being brought to Lisbon by caravels from the source in West Africa between the Senegal and Niger rivers. It came into its own in the reign of Manuel (1495-1521) who made a new coin with the same contents, but with the weight and value of 10 cruzados. With this and the discoveries it gained great worldwide potential.

Brazilian gold was discovered in the 1690

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

CRUZADO, in commerce, is a Portugueze coin, struck under Alphonsus V. about the year 1457, at the time when pope Calixtus sent thither the bull for a croisade, against the infidels. It had its name from a cross, which it bears on one side; the arms of Portugal being on the other. A cruzado is of the value of 40 French sols, or upwards of 2s. 10d. sterl.
---Cyclopaedia, or an Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. 1741.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.