3 Annotations

First Reading

vicenzo  •  Link

cadiz/cales: there be "Once in Cadiz follow the signs for the town centre and located near the "Caleta Beach" is the Parador Hotel Atlantico. "
Cadiz - Jerez http://www.malagacar.com/informat…
map today: http://www.malagacar.com/maps/cad…
brief: http://www.andalucia.com/cities/c…

Cadiz and Malaga re two key provinces on the wine map. The fino from Jerez and the Manzanilla from Sanlucar de Barrameda are light and dry wines (15 to 17 proof), which are produced in the former.
The amontillado and the oloroso from Jerez (16-18 and 19-20, respectively) are dark, aromatic wines with a touch of sweetness. The famous sweet Malaga wines are produced in the regions of Antequera, La Axarquia and Los Montes. The Moscatel, the Pedro Ximenez - popularly known as pedrito-, the Pajarete, the Campanilla and other varieties can be found in any of the wine shops in the villages and towns on the Costa del Sol
Famous in English Naval history [Armada fame and Nelso]

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Cadiz (Spanish: Cádiz, pronounced: [ˈkaðiθ], locally: [ˈkaðis] ( listen) or [ˈka.i]; Phoenician: גדר, Gader; Arabic: قَادِس ) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.

Cadiz is the oldest continuously-inhabited city in the Iberian Peninsula and possibly all southwestern Europe.

During the Age of Exploration, the city experienced a renaissance. Christopher Columbus sailed from Cádiz on his second and fourth voyages, and the city later became the home port of the Spanish treasure fleet. Consequently, the city became a major target of Spain's enemies. The 16th century also saw a series of failed raids by Barbary corsairs. The greater part of the old town was consumed in the conflagration of 1569. In April 1587 a raid by the Englishman Sir Francis Drake occupied the harbour for three days, capturing six ships and destroying 31 others as well as a large quantity of stores (an event popularly known as 'The Singeing of the King of Spain's Beard'). The attack delayed the sailing of the Spanish Armada by a year.

The city suffered a still more serious attack in 1596, when it was captured by an English fleet under the Earl of Essex and Sir Charles Howard. 32 Spanish ships were destroyed and the city was captured, looted and occupied for almost a month. Finally, when the royal authorities refused to pay a ransom demanded by the English for returning the city intact, they burned much of it before leaving with their booty. Another English raid was mounted by the Duke of Buckingham in 1625 against the city, commanded by Sir Edward Cecil, but this was unsuccessful. In the Anglo-Spanish War Admiral Robert Blake blockaded Cadiz from 1655 to 1657. In the Battle of Cádiz (1702), the English attacked again under Sir George Rooke and James, Duke of Ormonde, but they were repelled after a costly siege. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadiz

Second Reading

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