4 Annotations

First Reading

vicenzo  •  Link

cadiz/cales: there be "Once in Cadiz follow the signs for the town centre and located near the "Caleta Beach" is the Parador Hotel Atlantico. "
Cadiz - Jerez http://www.malagacar.com/informat…
map today: http://www.malagacar.com/maps/cad…
brief: http://www.andalucia.com/cities/c…

Cadiz and Malaga re two key provinces on the wine map. The fino from Jerez and the Manzanilla from Sanlucar de Barrameda are light and dry wines (15 to 17 proof), which are produced in the former.
The amontillado and the oloroso from Jerez (16-18 and 19-20, respectively) are dark, aromatic wines with a touch of sweetness. The famous sweet Malaga wines are produced in the regions of Antequera, La Axarquia and Los Montes. The Moscatel, the Pedro Ximenez - popularly known as pedrito-, the Pajarete, the Campanilla and other varieties can be found in any of the wine shops in the villages and towns on the Costa del Sol
Famous in English Naval history [Armada fame and Nelso]

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Cadiz (Spanish: Cádiz, pronounced: [ˈkaðiθ], locally: [ˈkaðis] ( listen) or [ˈka.i]; Phoenician: גדר, Gader; Arabic: قَادِس ) is a city and port in southwestern Spain.

Cadiz is the oldest continuously-inhabited city in the Iberian Peninsula and possibly all southwestern Europe.

During the Age of Exploration, the city experienced a renaissance. Christopher Columbus sailed from Cádiz on his second and fourth voyages, and the city later became the home port of the Spanish treasure fleet. Consequently, the city became a major target of Spain's enemies. The 16th century also saw a series of failed raids by Barbary corsairs. The greater part of the old town was consumed in the conflagration of 1569. In April 1587 a raid by the Englishman Sir Francis Drake occupied the harbour for three days, capturing six ships and destroying 31 others as well as a large quantity of stores (an event popularly known as 'The Singeing of the King of Spain's Beard'). The attack delayed the sailing of the Spanish Armada by a year.

The city suffered a still more serious attack in 1596, when it was captured by an English fleet under the Earl of Essex and Sir Charles Howard. 32 Spanish ships were destroyed and the city was captured, looted and occupied for almost a month. Finally, when the royal authorities refused to pay a ransom demanded by the English for returning the city intact, they burned much of it before leaving with their booty. Another English raid was mounted by the Duke of Buckingham in 1625 against the city, commanded by Sir Edward Cecil, but this was unsuccessful. In the Anglo-Spanish War Admiral Robert Blake blockaded Cadiz from 1655 to 1657. In the Battle of Cádiz (1702), the English attacked again under Sir George Rooke and James, Duke of Ormonde, but they were repelled after a costly siege. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadiz

Second Reading

Third Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Nestled along the Bay of Cádiz in Andalusia is a beautiful port town called El Puerto de Santa María.
Its history dates back to the Roman period, and the town has always been of strategic importance due to its location and access to the Atlantic Ocean and Alboran Sea.
It is a small town, with some unique things to see that’ll keep you busy. It's even home to some of the best beaches in southern Spain!

You may recognize the name from history as the port where Christopher Columbus set sail for the Americas with the ship named the Santa María.

Or perhaps you know it as one of the three corners of the Sherry Triangle, along with Jerez de la Frontera and Sanlúcar de Barrameda.

A 13th century castle, Castillo de San Marcos, is located in the heart of the town. Parts of the castle date back to the 1st century BC, when the Romans developed the area. Christopher Columbus stayed here while he was developing his expedition to the Americas.

The Palacio de Araníbar was built in the 17th century. The courtyard is stunning, and there are various rooms open to visitors as well. It’s one of the many free things to do in El Puerto de Santa María, and played a prominent role in the city’s history of trading with the Americas.

The Plaza Juan de la Cosa is a tiny plaza, worth noting as it’s named after an important figure in Spanish history: In 1500, Juan de la Cosa drew the earliest European world map in which the Americas were included in. He was also the owner of the Santa Maria, the ship used by Christopher Columbus on his second voyage to the Americas in 1493.

Christopher Columbus has his own plaza a few minutes walk from the castle. The plaza was a hub of activity due to its proximity to the city’s piers.

The Plaza de Toros is another tourist attraction in El Puerto de Santa María, and is one of the largest bullrings in Spain.

The Plaza de España in El Puerto is the historic center, and connects many of the main streets. The plaza was built in the 13th century by the Dukes of Medinaceli and has some important civil buildings around it. The most prominent is the 15th century Iglesia Mayor Prioral, which is free to enter when its doors are open.
El Puerto is known for having many palaces, especially from the 17th century, and has given it the nickname “city of 100 palaces”. One of the most unique is the Casa Palacio de los Leones, which is now a hotel.

The Monasterio de la Victoria was built in the 16th century to serve as a convent, and from 1886 was used as a prison for almost 100 years.

A short drive from El Puerto de Santa María's center will bring you to Castillo de Doña Blanca, a 15th century tower situated in a strategic location overlooking the Bay of Cádiz. While there, you can also explore an 8th century BC Phoencian archaeological site.

More, plus pictures, at

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.