The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:

Open location in Google Maps: 51.503907, -0.127297


Constructed in 1529 as a tennis court, a bowling alley, and a tiltyard, and also for cock fighting, it was redesigned in 1629 by Inigo Jones for Charles I as a private theatre. Charles II updated it in 1662. Samuel Pepys attended several plays here.

The location shown on the map is approximate, based on this 1680 map and p.478 of the Latham & Matthews Companion.

7 Annotations

First Reading

Paul Miller  •  Link

Cockpit, against the Privy Garden, W. It is a part of the Royal Palace of Whitehall, standing in a Street situated betwixt two Gateways; the one fronting Charingcross, and the other Westminster Abby. Here the Principle Secretaries of State generally keep their Offices.
W. Stow 1722

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

The Cockpit at Whitehall, the residence of the Duke of Albermarle.
---Wheatley, 1899.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

In this article about the history of Downing Street, it says that prior to the Restoration Mrs. Hampden lived in Hampden House at this location. Downing had to wait for the end of the extended Hampden lease before he could build the famous street we know today.

During Charles II's time Hampden House became known as "the House at the Back" and the Albemarles lived there.

The article includes a painting of the Palace of Whitehall by Hendrick Danckerts c. 1660–1679, as viewed from St. James’s Park. The “House at the Back” is on the right; the octagonal building next to it is the Cockpit.
So maybe Albemarle used the Cockpit as his office, and Her Ladyship ruled from the House at the Back?…

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.




  • Oct
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