Winchelsea is a small town in the non-metropolitan county of East Sussex, within the historic County of Sussex, England, located between the High Weald and the Romney Marsh, approximately two miles (3 km) south west of Rye and seven miles (12 km) north east of Hastings. The town stands on the site of a medieval town, founded in 1288, to replace an earlier town of the same name, sometimes known as Old Winchelsea, which was lost to the sea. The town is part of the civil parish of Icklesham and a member of the of the Cinque Port Confederation. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winchelsea
The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:
Open location in Google Maps: 50.925100, 0.708800
Winchelsea, founded in 1288 by Edward I, is located in East Sussex ("1066 Country") about a mile inland from the current coastline. It lies approximately two miles from Rye and seven miles from Hastings. The ward of Winchlesea now is part of the Icklesham Parish Council area and lies within the local authority area of Rother District Council
The town was laid out in a grid pattern of streets, as is clearly still visible to the present day (see maps for more details). http://www.winchelsea.com/
A couple of interesting details about Winchelsea, East Sussex:
"Most of the land directly surrounding Winchelsea is cared for by The National Trust with the support of a tenant farmer. If you follow the 1066 footpath south-westward you will pass the remains of St. John’s Gable, formally a medieval hospital, and arrive at the magnificent Wickham Manor (not open to the public).
"Wickham Manor, a splendid medieval manor house, was once owned by the Penn Family, founders of Pennsylvania.
"Continue on and a glorious view of the Pett Levels and the English Channel opens up, underlining the strategic importance of Winchelsea’s location."
For some beautiful photos and more history about this magnificent now land-locked port: https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/features/winch...
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.