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The Duke of Bolton

Lord bolton.jpg
Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire
In office
MonarchCharles II
Preceded byThe Earl of Northumberland
Succeeded byThe Lord Annesley
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
In office
20 December 1667 – 1675
MonarchCharles II
Preceded byThe Earl of Southampton
Succeeded byThe Earl of Gainsborough
In office
4 April 1689 – 27 February 1699
MonarchWilliam III and Mary II (until 1694)
Preceded byThe Duke of Berwick
Succeeded byThe 2nd Duke of Bolton
Member of Parliament
for Winchester
In office
Serving with John Hooke
Preceded byThomas Cole
Succeeded byLawrence Hyde
Member of Parliament
for Hampshire
In office
Serving with Sir John Norton
Preceded byRichard Norton
Succeeded bySir Francis Rolle
Personal details
Charles Paulet

c. 1630
Died27 February 1699(1699-02-27) (aged 68–69)
Amport, Hampshire
Resting placeSt Mary's Church, Basing, Hampshire
51°16′17″N 1°02′48″W / 51.27139°N 1.04667°W / 51.27139; -1.04667
Christian Frescheville
(m. 1652; died 1653)​
Mary le Scrope
(m. 1655; died 1680)​
ChildrenJane Paulet
Mary Paulet
Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton
William Paulet
ParentsJohn Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester (father)
Jane Savage (mother)

Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton PC JP (c. 1630[1] – 27 February 1699), was an English nobleman, the son of John Paulet, 5th Marquess of Winchester, and his first wife, Jane Savage.[2]

Bolton Hall, North Yorkshire, as rebuilt after a fire in 1902


Paulet succeeded his father as the sixth Marquess of Winchester in 1675. He was MP for Winchester in 1660 and then for Hampshire from 1661 to 5 March 1675.[1] Before his succession to the Marquessate he was styled Lord St John.[2]

He held the following offices:[1]

Having supported the claim of William and Mary to the English throne in 1688, he was restored to the Privy Council and to the office of Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire, and was created Duke of Bolton on 9 April 1689.[2] He built Bolton Hall, North Yorkshire in 1678.[3]


An eccentric man, hostile to Lord Halifax and afterwards to the Duke of Marlborough, he is said to have travelled during 1687 with four coaches and 100 horsemen, sleeping during the day and giving entertainments at night. His adherence in adult life to the Church of England has been described as a great blow to the Roman Catholic community: his father (with whom his relationship was never good) had openly professed the Catholic faith, and used his wealth and influence to protect the Catholics of Hampshire.[4]

In 1666 he briefly went into hiding after becoming involved in a public fracas in Westminster Hall with Sir Andrew Henley, 1st Baronet. They fought in full view of the Court of Common Pleas, and were thus guilty of contempt coram rege. Both men in time received a royal pardon. Paulet, who admitted to striking the first blow, explained that he had been "in a passion" at the time. The precise cause of the quarrel is unknown. Samuel Pepys, who recorded the incident in the great Diary, remarked that it was a pity that Henley retaliated, for otherwise the judges might have dealt with Paulet, of whom Pepys had a poor opinion, as he deserved.[5] Despite his faults, his charm and affability made him numerous friends.

Marriage and issue

Charles Paulet married twice:

First marriage

He married as his first wife, 28 February 1652, Christian (13 December 1633 – 22 May 1653), daughter of John Frescheville, 1st Baron Frescheville of Staveley, Derbyshire and Sarah Harrington, and by her had a son:[2]

  • Unknown Paulet, born May 1653, died May 1653

Christian, Lady St. John, died 22 May 1653 in childbirth and was buried with her infant at Staveley, Derbyshire.[2]

Second marriage

He married as his second wife, 12 February 1655, at St. Dionis Backchurch, London, Mary (died 1 November 1680), the illegitimate daughter of Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland, widow of Henry Carey, Lord Leppington, and by her had issue:[1][6][7]

Mary, Lady Paulet died 1 Nov 1680, at Moulins, Allier, France, and was buried, 12 Nov 1680, at Wensley, Yorkshire.[8]


Charles Paulet died suddenly at Amport on 27 February 1699, aged 68, and was buried 23 March at Basing, Hampshire.[1][8]


  1. ^ a b c d e Helms 1983.
  2. ^ a b c d e Cokayne II 1912, p. 210.
  3. ^ "Bolton Hall, Preston-under-Scar". Retrieved 21 December cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}
  4. ^ Kenyon, J.P The Popish Plot Phoenix Press reissue 2000 p.34
  5. ^ Diary of Samuel Pepys 29 November 1666
  6. ^ Cokayne II 1912, pp. 210-211.
  7. ^ "Charles Powlett, Duke of Bolton". Family Search: Community Trees. British Isles. Peerage, Baronetage, and Landed Gentry families with extended lineage. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  8. ^ a b Cokayne II 1912, p. 211.


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External links

Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Hooke
Thomas Cole
Member of Parliament for Winchester
With: John Hooke
Succeeded by
Richard Goddard
Lawrence Hyde
Preceded by
Richard Norton
John Bulkeley
Member of Parliament for Hampshire
With: Sir John Norton
Succeeded by
Sir Francis Rolle
Sir John Norton
Military offices
Regiment raised Colonel of The Duke of Bolton's Regiment of Foot
Regiment disbanded
Colonel of Henry Holt's Regiment of Foot
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Southampton
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
Succeeded by
Edward Noel
Preceded by
The Earl of Northumberland
Custos Rotulorum of Hampshire
Succeeded by
Lord Annesley
Preceded by
The Duke of Berwick
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bolton
Peerage of England
New title Duke of Bolton
Succeeded by
Charles Paulet
Preceded by
John Paulet
Marquess of Winchester

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.



  • May