The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:

Open location in Google Maps: 51.996581, -0.990658


The 17th century location of the school on the map is approximate.


This text was copied from Wikipedia on 15 July 2024 at 6:11AM.

Royal Latin School
Chandos Road

, ,
MK18 1AX

Coordinates51°59′36″N 0°59′10″W / 51.99347°N 0.98616°W / 51.99347; -0.98616
TypeAcademy Grammar School
Motto"Alle may God amende" (Ruding 1423) "High expectations for all" (1993)
Religious affiliation(s)Christian
Establishedc. 1423 (1423)
FounderKing Edward VI (by royal charter)
SpecialistScience College, Training school
Department for Education URN137344 Tables
Chair of GovernorsPhil Dart
Age11 to 18
Sixth form students390+
Colour(s)Black and Red   
PublicationThe Latin
The Main Block
The fields
Brookfield House during the February 2009 Great Britain and Ireland snowfall

The Royal Latin School (RLS) is a co-educational grammar school in Buckingham, England. It has continually existed for over six hundred years; receiving a Royal Charter in this time and moving premises three times. In September 2011 the school became an academy.[1] It takes children from the age of 11 through to the age of 18 and has over 1260 pupils, including a sixth form of 390 pupils. Every year it takes in 174 pupils, either those who passed the 11+ or were qualified by a Selection Review panel. It maintains a staff of just over 160. In September 2003 the school was designated by the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) as a specialist school in science. It was successfully re-designated in 2007 and achieved a second specialism as a training school.

Since the county's boundary adjustments of 1974 placed Eton College in Berkshire, the Royal Latin School claims the distinction of being the sole Pre-Reformation grammar school in the county.[2] The Royal Latin School was graded as good in the 2023 report by OFSTED.[3]


The school's earliest recorded reference occurs in 1423. A very small establishment at first, the school taught only six poor boys.

Although Buckingham's citizens supported Catherine of Aragon and her daughter Mary Tudor, and were opposed to the Reformation, the Chantry Chapel in which the Royal Latin School was based, rather than being destroyed by Edward VI (as many similar establishments were) was instead converted into the Royal Latin School. King Edward VI granted a charter for the school, for 30-40 pupils, in 1548 with an endowment of £10 and with 12 trustees.[4] A major fire in 1696 destroyed the Master's House which was rebuilt by Alexander Denton, complete with a garden.[5]

The Chantry Chapel dedicated to St John the Baptist and Thomas Becket had an original Romanesque doorway, and served as the main schoolroom. An early 19th-century Master was the Oxford-educated aristocrat Rev William Eyre MA, the vicar of Padbury. It remained the home of the Royal Latin School until 1907 when Buckinghamshire County Council provided major new buildings for the school in Chandos Road, now the site of Grenville School and did so again in 1963, when the school moved to Brookfield House, formerly The Mount. Numerous extensions in 1963 were opened by Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, with further extensions being gradually added over the next few decades. The warm brown brickwork of the 1963 extensions complements the stone-built structure of the earlier buildings, the whole is enhanced by its parkland setting on the outskirts of Buckingham.[4] Brookfield House and its grounds have been expanded over recent years to accommodate the growing size of the school and the fact that many of the older buildings, given the larger number of students, were becoming inadequate for use on such a large scale.

In 2006, the U15 rugby side made school history by becoming the first side from the Royal Latin to reach the semi-finals of the Daily Mail Vase, the English schools' annual rugby union cup competition. The U15s surpassed this record in 2013 reaching the final at Twickenham Stadium, where they beat Felsted School 19–13 to win the vase. The U13 girls' team (rugby) won girls nationals in 2015 and were unbeaten in the 2017–18 season.

In 2015, the first of three projects known as the 'RLS 600 Campaign[6]' was completed. This was a two-storey science laboratory with 13 classrooms for expanding further the knowledge of sciences for the students. The next project was a Sports Campus, opened in September 2021. The final project will be an Arts Department, which the school aims to complete before its 600th anniversary in 2023.

School buildings

Brookfield House was formerly the boys' boarding house. It is a former hunting lodge that houses the school offices and reception, the school library, conference room, art department, music department and some science and drama laboratories and rooms. Rotherfield House was formerly the girls' boarding house. It houses the sixth form classrooms and common room, as well as the school lecture theatre, school archives, a computer suite and alumni rooms and offices.

The Main Block, built in 1963 by Fred Pooley, houses the school hall, old gymnasium, stage (both indoor and outdoor) and drama department, student reception, school offices, English department, humanities department and the dining room. There is a separate technology block. New Block houses the mathematics department, the languages department, the economics and business studies department and some science laboratories.

There is a sports hall and a sports campus.

The school's Discovery Centre is a 12-classroom building for sciences that also contains conference rooms. The building was opened on 2 October 2015 by Robert Winston and John Bercow.

The school uses the church of St Peter and St Paul's in Buckingham for its annual carol service and Founder's Day service, which is held on the feast day of St John, the patron saint of the school. The church is also used for various concerts throughout the year.

The Chantry Chapel, the school's former chapel, is now owned by the National Trust and is too small to accommodate the entire school, so all school religious ceremonies take place in the parish church.



Each pupil, upon entrance, is placed into one of six houses, named after founders of the school at various stages in its history. The six houses are:

Houses Significance
Barton Involved in founding schools both in the Chantry Chapel and in 1468, a grammar school in Thornton. These were combined to form the Royal Latin School during the 16th century.
Denton Although Isobel Denton was mistakenly claimed to have founded the school during the sixteenth century, in the late 17th century Alexander Denton rebuilt the master's house following a destructive fire.
Newton Gabriel Newton founded Green Coat Schools throughout England including in Buckingham. He provided an annual endowment of £26 which was transferred to the Royal Latin School in 1904.
Ruding John Ruding was awarded the title of Archdeacon of Lincoln and Prebendary of Sutton upon Buckingham in 1471 and was therefore responsible for funding the upkeep of all church-owned buildings including that which subsequently housed the Royal Latin School.
Stratton Stratton left support for the Buckingham Chantry Chapel to support his soul in purgatory when he died in 1268. The chantry priest he funded, later started the school at Buckingham.
Verney As the school grew during the early 20th century it was forced to move from the Chantry Chapel to a new purpose-built site on Chandos Road (now the site of Grenville Combined School), a move made possible by the work of Lady Verney.


Dates of office Name Date Name
1524–1553 T. Hawkins (Chantry priest 1524)[7] 1785–1830 William Eyre
1553–1569 Henry Webster 1830–1855 Edward Britten
1574–1580 Alexander Sheppard 1855–1858 Thomas Laugharne[8]
1580–1592 Thomas Potter 1858–1861 Vacant post
1592–1603 James Smith 1861–1869 Thomas Owain Jones
1603–1609 Robert Tomlyns 1869–1871 Louis Borissow (son of Christian Ignatius Borissow)
1609–1625 Richard Earle 1871–1891 Thomas Cockram
1625–1632 Richard Home 1891–1895 Robert C. MacCulloch
1633–1638 Thomas Dutton 1895–1896 Thomas Cockram
1638–1660 Edward Ummant 1896–1908 Walter Matthew Cox
1660–1664 Thomas Stephens 1908–1931 William Fuller
1664–1665 William Warters 1931–1935 Maurice Walton Thomas
1665–1682 Roger Griffiths (father of Mary Pix) 1936–1939 Stanley Arthur Dyment
1682–1684 Thomas Dalby 1939–1941 Henry Bert Toft
1685–1690 Thomas Yeomans 1941-1941 Donald E. Morgan
1690–1691 Mark Noble 1942–1945 Charles Foster
1691–1696 Robert Styles 1945–1948 Henry Bert Toft
1709–1715 Samuel Foster 1948–1979 George K. Embleton
1715–1723 Richard Cardwell 1979–1992 Peter Luff
1723–1763 William Halstead 1992–2005 Cecilia Galloway
1763–1764 Vacant post 2006–2009 A. Robert Cooper
1764–1785 James Eyre 2010-August 2024 David Hudson

Old Latins

See also


  1. ^ "Open academies map and schools submitting applications". Department for Education. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
  2. ^ Buckinghamshire - 25 years of architecture 1952-1977 Buckinghamshire County Council - Department of Architecture, p.19
  3. ^ "2023 OFSTED report". Department for Education. 8 October 2020.
  4. ^ a b The Educational Year-book, p. 170, Published by Cassell, Petter & Galpin, 1885
  5. ^ Carlisle, Nicholas (1818). Concise Description of Endowed Schools. Vol. 1. p. 47.
  6. ^ "Home". Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  7. ^ Poornan, Paul: - The Royal Latin School, Buckingham (Marsh Gibbon, Dusty Old Books Ltd, 2001.)
  8. ^ The Annual Register or A View of the History and Politics of the Year 1856, Published 1857, F. & J. Rivington
  9. ^ "Buckingham Royal Latin School Memorials". Buckinghamshire Remembers. 2014. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  10. ^ "Power of Sport Dinner" (PDF). Latin Life. No. 13. Royal Latin School. p. 13. Retrieved 14 February 2021.


  • Kettler, Sarah Valente. Trimble, Carole. The Amateur Historians Guide to the Heart of England: Nearly 200 Medieval & Tudor Sites: nearly 200 Medieval & Tudor sites two hours or less from London

External links

2 Annotations

Second Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Royal Latin School (RLS) is a co-educational grammar school in Buckingham, England, with one of the most distinguished histories as a grammar school in the country. It has continually existed for almost six hundred years; receiving a Royal Charter in this time and moving premises three times. The school has played a significant role in the town of Buckingham, it being its most prominent school, since its earliest recorded reference in 1423, although it is thought that the school may date from the 13th century, possibly 1268.…

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Grammar schools like this were essential in the 17th century as all legal, governmental, scientific and serious documents were written in the universal language of Latin. The information was therefore available to all who lived in the other "developed" countries of the day.

Grammar school was the first step. Boys with the aptitude to be good clerks or clerics could get scholarships to the four official Universities in Britain, Oxford, Cambridge, St. Andrews and Dublin. There the daily debates were conducted in Latin.…

Boys from wealthy families paid for them to go to university, but there is usually a note after their names saying that they did not graduate. They couldn't do the Latin is what that means.
After the Interregnum the ability to speak and write in Latin eroded badly. I've read one biography which said that in the 1690's a paper was published in Latin purporting to have been written by the first graduate of the College in 50 years (and there was speculation the "writer" was greatly assisted in doing that by his tutors who needed to publish or perish). Everyone else had failed ... for 50 years!

This article agrees that Latin was on its way out by Diary times. It blames Dante for saying that poets prefer to use the common language so that the ladies can enjoy their poetry.
I am so tired of "logic" like this! We ladies can learn Latin given half the chance. So the boys get lazy writing comic ditties, and that's a reason for not knowing the universal language that attaches us to our forebears? Shame on Dante.
And many of the nobility did teach their daughters Latin and elementary maths.

But think what would have been lost if Shakespeare ... and Pepys ... had written in Latin.
Maybe I should reread the article and get my outrage out of the way of my comprehension:…

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.


  • Jun