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Sir
Thomas Adams, Bt
Effigy of Sir Thomas Adams.jpg
Effigy from the tomb of Sir Thomas Adams
Member of Parliament
for the City of London
In office
1654–1658
Lord Mayor of the City of London
In office
1645–1645
Preceded byThomas Atkins
Succeeded byJohn Gayer
Personal details
Born1586
Wem, Shropshire, England
Died24 February 1667/1668
Resting placeSprowston, Norfolk, England
ChildrenRichard Adams
EducationShrewsbury School
Alma materCambridge University
OccupationDraper, alderman

Sir Thomas Adams, 1st Baronet (1586 – 24 February 1667/1668) was the Lord Mayor of the City of London and a Member of Parliament for the City of London from 1654 to 1655 and 1656–1658.

Adams was born in 1586, at Wem, Shropshire, educated at Shrewsbury School and admitted as a sizar to Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge University in 1600.[1] He received his BA in 1605–6, and became a draper in London.

Civic career

In 1640, he was elected as sheriff, giving up his business, and applying himself to public affairs. He then served as Master of the Drapers' Company, sat as an alderman on the City of London Corporation, and was president of St Thomas' Hospital, which he probably saved from ruin, by discovering the frauds of a dishonest steward. In 1642 he became Colonel of the Blue Regiment, London Trained Bands.[2][3] In 1645, he was elected Lord Mayor of the City of London, showing unusual disinterestedness, declining the financial advantages usually made by the sale of places which become vacant.

His loyalty to Charles I was so well known that at the start of the English Civil War his house was searched by parliamentary supporters, hoping to find the king there. The next year he was committed to the Tower, and detained for some time. However, at length he became the oldest alderman upon the bench, and was consequently dignified with the honourable title of father of the city. Sir Thomas sat as an MP for London from 1654 to 1655 and 1656–1658.

His affection for the king was such that during the exile of Charles II, he remitted him £10,000.[4] On the restoration of the King Sir Thomas, then 74 years of age, was deputed by the city to accompany General Monck to Breda in the Netherlands, to accompany the king home. For his services the king knighted him at The Hague; and soon after the restoration advanced him to the dignity of a baronet, on 13 June 1661.

Later life

In his latter years he was afflicted with kidney stones, which hastened his death. After his death a stone was taken from his body, weighing 25 ounces (1.5 lb, or 0.7 kg), which is preserved in a laboratory at Cambridge. He seemed perfectly prepared for death, often saying "Solum mihi superest sepulchrum" ("All my business is to fit me for the grave"). His funeral sermon was preached by Dr. Hardy, at St Katherine Cree Church, before his children and many of his relations. He was buried in a barrel vault excavated under the altar of St Mary and St Margaret Church, Sprowston, Norfolk, and a large marble monument was erected above it. His descendants enjoyed the title down to Sir Thomas Adams, the sixth baronet, who died a captain in the Royal Navy in 1770.

Legacy

Renowned as a public benefactor, in his lifetime Sir Thomas gave his house at Wem as a free-school (Thomas Adams School) to the town, and endowed it; he founded an Arabic professorship at Cambridge in 1643, and paid for the printing of the Gospels in Persian, and for sending them into the east. Despite suffering great losses in his estate, he left legacies to the poor of many parishes, to hospitals, and ministers' widows in his will.

His title and Sprowston estate passed to his eldest son William (1634–1687). His second son Richard is remembered for a collection of verse.

Sources

  • Chalmers, Alexander. The General Biographical Dictionary: Containing an Historical and Critical Account of the Lives and Writings of the most Eminent Persons in Every Nation; Particularly the British and Irish; from the Earliest Accounts to the Present Time. new ed. rev. and enl. London: Nichols [et al.], 1812–1817. 32 vols.
  • Keith Roberts, London And Liberty: Ensigns of the London Trained Bands, Eastwood, Nottinghamshire: Partizan Press, 1987, ISBN 0-946525-16-1.

External links

  • .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Adams, Thomas (1586-1667)" . Dictionary of National Biography. 01. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  • British Civil War Project

Notes

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  1. ^ "Adams, Thomas (ADMS600T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ Roberts, pp. 36–7.
  3. ^ Blue Rgt at BCW Project.
  4. ^ Equivalent to £817,747.40 in 2005 using the retail price index according to www.measuringworth.com

1 Annotation

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Highlights from https://landedfamilies.blogspot.com/2013/05/35-ad…

In the 1650s former Lord Mayor of London, and former Col. of the militia Thomas Adams was suspected of helping to finance Royalist plots and of supporting the Stuart court in exile, to the reputed extent of £10,000.

Col. Adams was elected MP for the City of London, 1654-55, 1656-58 but was excluded because of his Royalist sympathies; he was the only MP excluded from both Commonwealth Parliaments.

At the Restoration, Col. Adams MP was one of the citizens asked by the City of London to accompany Gen, Monck to Breda to bring home the King.

Charles II knighted Col. Adams MP at The Hague in May 1660, and he was created a baronet on 13 June 1661.
Sir Thomas was subsequently restored to his aldermanry and to the presidency of St. Thomas's Hospital.

Alderman Sir Thomas Adams MP died following a fall from his coach, 24 February 1668, aged about 81. After his death an enormous kidney stone, weighing 25 ounces, was removed from his body and exhibited at the Royal Society; remarkably, according to Pepys, it had occasioned him no pain.

An elaborate funeral, organized by the heralds, was held at St. Katherine Cree on 10 March, 1667/8, after which Alderman Sir Thomas Adams 1st Bart., was taken to Sprowston Hall, Norfolk, for burial.

Alderman Adams' will, proved in April 1668, left legacies to many charities, hospitals, and ministers' widows.

Some of these bequests are listed in
https://www.pepysdiary.com/encyclopedia/12312/

Renowned as a public benefactor, in his lifetime Sir Thomas gave his house at Wem as a free-school (Thomas Adams School) to the town, and endowed it;

he founded an Arabic professorship at Cambridge in 1643,

and paid for the printing of the Gospels in Persian, and for sending them into the east.

Despite suffering great losses in his estate, he left legacies to the poor of many parishes, to hospitals, and ministers' widows in his will.

From the introduction to Dean Nathaniel Hardy's printed version of his sermon after the 1666 Great Fire, it appears Sir Thomas Adams supported and protected Hardy throughout the Cromwell years at St. Dionis Church, London.

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1668