The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:

Open location in Google Maps: 50.849847, 5.687259

3 Annotations

First Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Maastricht is a city in the Netherlands, located in the southern part of the Dutch province of Limburg.

Throughout the Middle Ages, the city was a centre for trade and manufacturing of wool and leather but gradually economic decline set in. After a brief period of economic prosperity in the 15th century, the city's economy suffered during the wars of religion of the 16th and 17th centuries.

The important strategic location of Maastricht resulted in the construction of an impressive array of fortifications around the city during this period. The Spanish and Dutch garrisons became an important factor in the city's economy. In 1579 the city was sacked by the Spanish army under general Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma (Siege of Maastricht, 1579). For over fifty years the Spanish crown took over the role of the dukes of Brabant in the joint sovereignty over Maastricht. In 1632 the city was conquered by Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and the Dutch States General replaced the Spanish crown in the joint government of Maastricht.…

Second Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

L&M: Maastricht and the other towns canvassed as being sites for the 1667 peace treaty negotiations were in the frontier area near to the Spanish Netherlands held in common ownership by the seven united provinces and known as the 'Lands of the Generality'.…

Sjoerd22  •  Link

I remember visiting the Hotel Des Invalides in Paris and enjoying a wonderful display of wooden "maquettes", miniature representations of 17th century walled towns and fortifications. They were purpose built for Louis' artillery commanders to study lines of fire. Maastricht was one of the more spectacular ones, having a lot of steep inclines.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.