5 Annotations

First Reading

Michael Robinson  •  Link

Henley, Andrew, b. 1622 or 3, d. by or before 1700.

His library is the subject of a well known early sale catalog:

A catalogue of the libraries of Sr Andrew Henley, Kt & Bart, and an eminent clergyman, both deceased. Consisting of theological, historical, philological, mathematical, and medicinal authors, in the Greek, Latin, Spanish, French, and English tongues, in all volumes. With an appendix of prints, by the best Italian, French, &c. masters. Will by sold by auction at Toms Coffee House adjoyning to Ludgate, on Monday the 11th instant, at three afternoon; and the sale to be continued daily till all are sold. By John Bullord.
[London] : Catalogues will be sold at sixpence each, at Mr. Parkers under the Royal Exchange, Cornhil, Mr Bucks near the Temple-gate, Mr Hardings Newport-street, Leicester-fields, Mr Barnes in Pall Mall, booksellers, at the place of sale, 1700.

4to., [2], 55, [1], 49-52+ p. ; Wing 2nd. H1449 (ESTC 3 copies only) The identity of "An eminent clergyman" is unknown.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Sir Andrew Henley (1622-1675)
1st Bart. of Bramshill, Hamps. and of Henley, Somerset. The elder son of Sir Robert Henley, Master of the King's Bench Office, he married his first wife, Mary, daughter of Sir John Gayer, of London, merchant.

Michael Robinson  •  Link

Sir Andrew Henley (1622-1675)

Correspondence, 1659-69, now British Library, Mss. Sloane 813.

Third Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Andrew Henley’s father, Robert Henley of Henley, Som., 1629-42 was first cousin of the half-blood of Henry Henley; but by successive occupation of 2 lucrative offices, as a Six Clerk in Chancery, and then as chief clerk of the King’s Bench (worth £22,500), he outstripped the senior line in wealth and status, acquiring property in Somerset, Dorset and Hampshire, besides an ‘adventure’ of 5,500 acres in the fens.

When Andrew Henley (1622- 2675) was sequestrated, he claimed to have gone into the King’s quarters under constraint, and exhibited debts of £11,585, while his brother-in-law John Maynard MP produced counter-bonds from various creditors in the period 1629 to 1642 totalling £27,545.

Nevertheless, Andrew paid the heavy fine of £9,000 within a month.
Henley was said to have given £2,500 to needy Cavaliers.
He bought some bishops’ lands in Dorset and the manor of Great Bramshill in 1649, but he was probably never entirely debt free.

Henley married (1) after 1648, Mary (d. 30 July, 1666), daughter of Sir John Gayer, merchant and Fishmonger, of London, lord. mayor 1646-7, and they had 2 sons and 2 daughters,

Although ineligible as the son of a Cavalier, Andrew Henley was ‘incessantly importuned’ to stand for Hampshire at the general election of 1660, and sent a message to Richard Norton MP to the effect that he would not oppose him. An electoral bargain was struck:
"Whereas we began to hold it doubtful whether I should carry it for knight of the shire or not, so it was agreed that Col. Norton should decline his being burgess for Portsmouth and get me chosen there, and then I to decline being knight, so I am promised Col. Norton’s interest (who is governor) and not doubt but I shall [be] burgess of Portsmouth. But if I had been free and declared my mind sooner, I had undoubtedly been knight of the shire."
Henley was duly returned at a by-election for Portsmouth when Norton chose to sit for the county. He seems to have been an inactive Member of the Convention, although his baronetcy and knighthood suggest he was expected to support the Court as a silent voter in divisions.
(Andrew Henley MP was created 1st Bart. on 20 June, 1660 and knighted on 21 July, 1660.)

Although both Norton and John Bulkeley had promised to join with Henley at the next county election, in the changed circumstances of 1661 they were obliged to step down to borough seats, and he is not known to have stood again.
Henley was asked by the lord lieutenant to stay in the country while most of the deputy lieutenants attended Parliament ‘in case any commotions should arise by any restless spirits endeavouring to beget new broils’.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link


In 1662 Henley wrote to his Dorset agent: ‘You know how I am pressed for money. ... I have no other intrada but my rents to support myself.’ Presumably he was extravagant, but it is not known what he spent his money on, except in paying a French chef, against which the rector of Eversley directed a sermon on the sin of gluttony.

Henley was already involved in a dispute with the rector over tithes, and he also (more excusably) came into open conflict with Lord St. John (Charles Powlett MP) at a time and place that might have had serious consequences. According to Samuel Pepys:

SEE https://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/…

Lord St. John was quickly pardoned, and was soon in a position to retaliate by dropping Henley from the lieutenancy. But Henley had to petition Charles II after a prosecution had been started against him in King’s bench, and was not pardoned until 1668.
In the following year he added to his debts by the purchase of Eversley manor.

Andrew Henley MP married (2) on 20 May 1672, Constance, da. of Thomas Bromfield, merchant and Haberdasher, of Coleman Street, London, widow of Thomas Middleton of Stansted Mountfitchet, Essex.

Andrew Henley MP died on 17 May 1675, and was buried at Eversley.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.