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Bankside
St Paul's - Tate Modern.JPG
Bankside including the Tate Modern
Bankside is located in Greater London
Bankside
Bankside
Bankside shown within Greater London
OS grid referenceTQ319805
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtSE1
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly

Bankside is a district of London, England, and part of the London Borough of Southwark. Bankside is located on the southern bank of the River Thames, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) east of Charing Cross, running from a little west of Blackfriars Bridge to just a short distance before London Bridge at St Mary Overie Dock to the east which marks its distinct status from that of 'the Borough' district of Southwark. It is part of a business improvement district known as Better Bankside.

History

Toponymy

The 'banke' was reclaimed by the Bishop of Winchester who owned the manor of the Clink of which this is part. There is a map plan in the Duchy of Lancaster archive showing 'the way to the banke'.[1] The name is recorded in 1554 as the Banke syde and means 'street along the bank of the Thames'. It is formed from Middle English 'banke' and 'side'.[2] In 1860 Southwark Street was created to connect the Blackfriars and London bridge crossings here and that can be regarded as the area's informal southern perimeter.

Urban development

Bankside is the riverside of the former liberties of the Clink and Paris Garden. In the Elizabethan period, because of its location outside the jurisdiction of the City of London, the area of the Clink and Paris Garden were outside of the City of London's authority and so became occupied by the bear baiting pits and playhouses, including the Rose, the Hope Theatre, the Swan and the Globe Theatre of which a replica was constructed in the late 1990s. The history of the area is traced in a study that traces the earliest known history of a particular building on Bankside until the present day.[3] It has experienced regeneration in recent decades, becoming a significant tourist destination, and forms a business improvement district. The skyline of Bankside is dominated by the former Bankside Power Station, which now houses the Tate Modern.

A major new development in the area is the Bankside 1/2/3 complex on Southwark Street. Together, these three building house about 5,000 employees. Bankside 1, also known as the Blue Fin Building, was built-for and partially-occupied-by IPC Media, while Bankside 2 and 3 are occupied by The Omnicom Group Ltd. The architect for the buildings was Allies and Morrison.[4]

Governance

It is part of the Borough and Bankside Community Council which corresponds to the Southwark electoral wards of Cathedrals and Chaucer.[5] They are part of the Bermondsey and Old Southwark Parliament constituency and the Member of Parliament is Labour's Neil Coyle. It is within the Lambeth and Southwark London Assembly constituency and the London European Parliament constituency.

Transport

Since 1754 the Blackfriars Bridge formed a connection to the north and in 1819 Southwark Bridge has connected the area into the City. In 2000 a direct pedestrian connection was opened between the Tate Modern and St Paul's Cathedral via the Millennium Bridge, which also hosts two Cycle Hire stations [6] Blackfriars station on the City side north bank of the river has been redeveloped as part of the Thameslink Programme and opened a Bankside entrance in 2012. London Bridge and Southwark are the other stations closest to Bankside, located to the east and south of it respectively. It is served by bus routes 381 and RV1 which are hydrogen powered.[7]

See also

  • Bankside Farmers - A group of five early American colonists originally resident in the Bankside district of London.

References

  1. ^ 'Old Southwark and its People' by William Rendle 1878
  2. ^ Mills, D. (2000). Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  3. ^ Gillian., Tindall, (2007). The house by the Thames : and the people who lived there. London: Pimlico. ISBN 1844130940. OCLC 73956885.
  4. ^ "Land Securities London Portfolio - Bankside 1/2/3, SE1". Land Securities. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  5. ^ "Where's your community council". Southwark London Borough Council. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
  6. ^ "Bankside Mix tops the league on first day of Barclays Cycle Hire [2 August 2010]". London-se1.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-07-24.
  7. ^ "RV1 hydrogen bus fleet off the road due to the Olympics [21 July 2012]". London-se1.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-07-24.

External links

4 Annotations

Bill  •  Link

Bankside (The), SOUTHWARK, comprehends that portion of ground on the river-bank between "Bank-end" by Barclay's brewery, and "Bank-end" by the Castle or Falcon, near Blackfriars Bridge. These appear in the Token-books of about 1600 respectively as the "hether end of the Bank" east and "Bancke-ende" west. Bankside was of old the chief seat of vice and dissipation in London, and contained the Stews, Bear Gardens, and Playhouses.

The playhouses and bear gardens were nearly all put down in the time of the Commonwealth, one or two surviving to the time of Charles II. or a little later, until the sports were removed to Hockley in the Hole.

Afterwards the Bankside was chiefly occupied by gardens, riverside public-houses, and breweries, by founders, glassmakers, and largely by dyers.
---London, Past and Present. H.B. Wheatley, 1891.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Bankside is a loosely-defined area along the south bank of the Thames in the borough of Southwark. Bankside is also the name of a street in the district, which lies between Blackfriars Bridge (west) and London Bridge (east) and more or less defines the southern extent of the area.

Near the southern approach to the current London Bridge stands Southwark Cathedral, built in the 13th-century, but largely rebuilt in the 19th century. The cathedral contains the tombs of many famous people, including the poet John Gower, playwright John Fletcher, and memorials to the engraver Wenzel Hollar, William Shakespeare, and the American actor Sam Wanamaker (driving force behind building the new Globe Theatre finished in 1997).

The original Globe Theatre (1599) and other theatres and bear gardens (venues for bearbaiting) also stood in Bankside, located strategically just outside the city’s jurisdiction. The district became the residence of actors and the site of brothels. Cromwell closed them down.

In the 18th century it was known for its manufacturing industries, gardens, and public houses, and in the 19th and early 20th centuries it was an area of wharves and warehouses.

More info and pictures: https://www.britannica.com/place/Bankside

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1661

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1665

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1666

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1668