Sjoerd • Link
A younger brother of the Jesuit Peter Talbot, who became Archbishop of Dublin. Colonel Richard Talbot, was also remarkable for his devotedness to the cause of the exiled monarch and stood high in royal favour. Under James II he became Duke of Tyronnell and Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland.
Pauline • Link
from L&M Companion
cr. Earl of Tyrconnel 1685 (1630-91). Groom of the Bedchamber to the Duke of York from 1660; gentleman-volunteer at the Battle of Lowestoft 1665. Leader of the Catholic interest n Ireland; and from 1685 commander of the army and James II's chief agent there.
From Warrington: "Richard Talbot, who figures conspicuously in Grammont's 'Memoires'. He married, first, Catherine Boynton, and secondly, Frances Jennings, elder sister of Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough. Talbot was created Earl of Tyrconnel by James II, and made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and elevated by him to the dukedom Tyrconnel after his abdication.
TALBOT, RICHARD, Earl and titular Duke of Tyrconnel (1630-1691), youngest son of Sir William Talbot; taken prisoner at the rout of Preston's army, 1647; was wounded at the siege of Drogheda, but escaped abroad; returning to England, was arrested by Cromwell on suspicion of plotting his murder, 1655, but also accused by Clarendon of being in the Protector's pay; gentleman of the Duke of York's bedchamber at the Restoration; imprisoned for challenging Ormonde, 1661; fought in the naval action at Lowestoft, 1665; engaged in various love affairs; as spokesman of the Irish Roman catholics opposed Ormonde in Ireland, and was again imprisoned, 1670; arrested for supposed complicity in the 'popish plot,' 1678; given command of the army in Ireland, Ormonde being recalled, and on accession of James II made Earl of Tyrconnel, with chief power in Ireland, and with the object of repealing Act of Settlement, bringing back Roman catholic domination, and making James II independent in England by means of an Irish army; protestant forces disbanded and oath of supremacy dispensed with; made viceroy, 1687; despatched three thousand men to King James's assistance in England; met James II at Kinsale; instigator of all James II's violent proceedings, including the attainder of 2,455 protestant landowners; made duke; commanded at the battle of the Boyne, 1690; advised James's retreat to France, and was left with full powers in Ireland; accused of treachery by the Irish party; left for France after the raising of the siege of Limerick, where he gained the full confidence of James and Louis XIV; returned with money and arms as lord-lieutenant, 1691, and commander-in-chief; died of apoplexy shortly after the battle of Aughrim.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.
Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.