1893 text

The date of the origin of smoke jacks does not appear to be known, but the first patent taken out for an improved smoke-jack by Peter Clare is dated December 24th, 1770. The smoke jack consists of a wind-wheel fixed in the chimney, which communicates motion by means of an endless band to a pulley, whence the motion is transmitted to the spit by gearing. In the valuable introduction to the volume of “Abridgments of Specifications relating to Cooking, 1634-1866” (Patent Office), mention is made of an Italian work by Bartolomeo Scappi, published first at Rome in 1572, and afterwards reprinted at Venice in 1622, which gives a complete account of the kitchens of the time and the utensils used in them. In the plates several roasting-jacks are represented, one worked by smoke or hot air and one by a spring.

6 Annotations

Terry Bishop   Link to this

Leonardo da Vinci is also supposed to have sketched such a device around 1500.

Cumgranissalis   Link to this

not to be confused with poor jack which be hake a poor [lacking in flesh] fish.

Bill   Link to this

Sam bought "a hanging jack" on September 22. http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1660/09/22/

Bill   Link to this

JACK [from Scullion Boys, commonly called Jack, used to be Turnspits] an Engine, to roast Meat
---An universal etymological English dictionary. N. Bailey, 1675.

Bill   Link to this

A smoke jack is mentioned, along with some annotations, on October 23, 1660: http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1660/10/23/

Bill   Link to this

A jack is mentioned, along with some annotations, on January 13, 1662/63: http://www.pepysdiary.com/diary/1663/01/13/

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  • 1660