Tuesday 7 June 1664

Up and to the office (having by my going by water without any thing upon my legs yesterday got some pain upon me again), where all the morning. At noon a little to the ‘Change, and thence home to dinner, my wife being ill still in bed. Thence to the office, where busy all the afternoon till 9 at night, and so home to my wife, to supper, and to bed.

16 Annotations

Cumsalisgrano  •  Link

Oh! Oh! where be thy travel blanket, thy blud be kept mighty cool on that windy Tems.

Carl in Boston  •  Link

His Mousie is Ill
It is too bad that Elizabeth is ill these three days, and will be with us for only five more years. I see by the encyclopedia of this website that she will die in 1669, five years hence. First, I am staggered by the profundity of the encyclopedia dissertations on her tombstone. Swerving back to the present purpose, Elizabeth is much better off at home enduring gastroenteritis with Sam laying upon her bed, ready to share what she has got, and with her maids and household round about. She is much better off at home, with clean clothing and bedding, and fresh bedding supplied as soon as she needs it. Back then, hospitals were where you went to die, even until the 1960s. Now hospitals are where you go to get cured and live some more years. Believe me, I have 12 years on the clock that I wouldn't have had years ago, and life is good. Sam is somewhat like a fraternity boy among the wealthy, engaging in their amours and dissipations, but really faithful unto his wife underneath it all, even willing to get sick when she is sick.
Last time I wrote in this fashion and tenor, the ladies came out to speak a little. Now what have you got to say, this about that?

Terry F  •  Link

"where all the morning"

I realized that we have seen this phrase before! How many times? A search shows this is the 25th time, and all within the past 15 months. On Saturday 28 March 1663, Pepys first wrote what became a catchphrase. Surely there are other catchphrases besides this one and "and so to bed.". We all use them.

AussieRene  •  Link

"Never in all my life" used to be a favourite of Sam's.

Firenze  •  Link

On hospitals, you might recollect contemporaneous Sir Thos. Browne - 'For this world, I count it not an inn, but an hospital: I place not to live, but to die in'.

On Pepysian catchphrases: social occasions tended to be 'very merry'. Not so many of those lately.

Robert Gertz  •  Link

"...so home to my wife, to supper, and to bed."

A rather touching undercurrent of growing concern...I'm getting the impression Sam is getting very nervous for and focused on Bess' illness after thinking it was the equivalent of our 24 hour bug. Thankfully no pigeons at her feet yet...

Robert Gertz  •  Link

War events...

One subject I notice Sam doesn't mention despite the naval board's weekly meetings with York and Sam's own interest in New England mast supply is the grant of the New Netherlands colony in what will become New York to the Duke of York which occured in March 1664. It's rather a big deal as the colony had become a major Dutch success story and Cromwell had hoped but failed to capture it. An ambitious naval operation against the colony must soon be getting underway since the colony will actually be taken in September.

Of course another puzzle is that the Dutch took so few steps to secure the colony despite its value. Perhaps indicating their pretensions to global power are a mite overarching?

http://www.coins.nd.edu/ColCoin/ColCoinIntros/N... for a little background.

Mary  •  Link

Hospital admission for Elizabeth? Never!

In order to obtain admission to a London hospital (e.g. St. Bartholomew's) one had to prove both sickness and poverty (written proof required of the latter). Most people were nursed at home, by friends or possibly in the home of a 'professional' nurse who would charge for her services.

Andrew Hamilton  •  Link

On the British acquisition of New Netherland, from Wikipedia, an article that throws some light on the question raised by Robert Gertz. It would appear that the Dutch weren't finding the New World colony very profitable:

"In March of 1664, Charles II of England resolved to annex New Netherland and to "bring all his Kingdoms under one form of government, both in church and state, and to install the Anglican government as in old England". In the face of this the Directors of the Dutch West India Company comforted themselves that the religious freedom of the colony rendered military defense against New England unnecessary. They wrote to Director-General Peter Stuyvesant, "we are in hopes that as the English at the north (in New Netherland) have removed mostly from old England for the causes aforesaid, they will not give us henceforth so much trouble, but prefer to live free under us at peace with their consciences than to risk getting rid of our authority and then falling again under a government from which they had formerly fled."

"On August 27, 1664, four English frigates sailed in New Amsterdam's harbor and demanded New Netherland's surrender. They met no resistance because previously, numerous citizens' requests for protection by a suitable garrison against "the deplorable and tragic massacres" by the natives had gone unheeded. That ongoing lack of sufficient garrisons, ammunition and gun powder, as well as the indifferent responses from the West India Company upon frequent and urgent requests for reinforcement of men and ships against "the continual troubles, threats, encroachments and invasions of the English neighbors and government of Hartford Colony" made New Amsterdam defenseless. Stuyvesant made the best of a bad situation and negotiated successfully for good terms from his "too powerful enemies." The capture of the city was one out of a series of attacks on Dutch colonies that resulted in the Second Anglo-Dutch War between England and the Dutch Republic.

"During the negotiations over the Articles of Transfer, Petrus Stuyvesant and his council secured the principle of tolerance in Article VIII, which assured New Netherlanders that they "shall keep and enjoy the liberty of their consciences in religion" under English rule. In the 1667 Treaty of Breda, the Dutch did not press their claims on New Netherland. The status quo, with the Dutch occupying Suriname and the nutmeg island of Run, was maintained; no definitive solution was decided on.

"Within six years, the nations were again at war, and in August of 1673 the Dutch recaptured New Netherland with a fleet of 21 ships, then the largest one seen in North America. It comprised a squadron under the command of Vice-Admiral Cornelis Evertsen de Jongste sent out by Pieter Huybert, raadspensionaris of the Zeeland Chamber of the Dutch West India Company, and a squadron of the Amsterdam Chamber under the command of Jacob Binckes. They installed Anthony Colve as "governor" and renamed the city "New Orange", reflecting the installation of William of Orange as Lord-Lieutenant (stadtholder) of Holland in 1672 (He became King William III of England in 1689). However, after the conclusion of the third Anglo-Dutch war, 1672-74, -- the historic "disaster years" in which The Dutch Republic was simultaneously attacked by the French (Louis XIV), the English and the Bishops of Munster and Cologne -- the republic was financially and morally broke. The States of Zeeland had tried to convince the States of Holland to take on the responsibility for the New Netherland province to no avail. In November 1674, the Treaty of Westminster concluded the Third Anglo-Dutch War and ceded New Netherland definitively to the English. The province of New Netherland and the city of New Orange were renamed New York."

Terry F  •  Link

Good narrative and source, Andrew. The English will take New Netherland first this coming 29 Aug - 9 Sept.

Bradford  •  Link

"without any thing upon my legs": "Oh Mr. Pepys," cried Mrs. Lane, "what dashing calves you have!"

Pedro  •  Link

New Amsterdam.

Sam's only source of future foreign policy would be through Coventry, who is also on the Committee of Trade and Plantations.

"Customs officers reckoned that £10 000 a year was lost by Dutch shipments of tobacco. New Amsterdam, so Clarendon heard, was in undesirable communication with the regicides refuge at New Haven...

In January I664 a Committee of Council, including William Coventry, recommended immediate action. In March the Duke of York was named proprietor of a huge belt between Conneticut and the Delaware, and in the middle of May the Royal Commissioners left Portsmouth empowered primarily to correct the administration of all the colonies, but incidentally to expel the Dutch encroachers."

(British Foreign Poicy 1660-1672 by Feiling)

Robert Gertz  •  Link

Very real, Terry...Why didn't the Dutch send a small force to garrison? But I suppose that question is right up there with why did Napoleon sell off a huge territory in America that would have long outlasted his tinsel European empire? Hindsight's a wonderful thing.

Anyway, here's hoping 6/8/64 finds poor Bess in better health.

Terry Foreman  •  Link

"On the British acquisition of New Netherland,....It would appear that the Dutch weren’t finding the New World colony very profitable:"

And even observing article XL of The Charter of the Dutch West India Company (1621), they failed to defend their interests.

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