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Isaac Penington
Isaac Pennington (1584-1661).jpg
Member of the English Parliament
for City of London
In office
Preceded byParliament suspended since 1629
Succeeded by
Lord Mayor of London
In office
Preceded bySir Richard Gurney, 1st Baronet
Succeeded bySir John Wollaston
Personal details
Bornc. 1584
Died(1661-12-16)16 December 1661
Tower of London, England
ChildrenIsaac Penington
FatherRobert Penington

Isaac Penington[1] (c. 1584 – 16 December 1661)[2] was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1653. He was Lord Mayor of London in 1642 and a prominent member of Oliver Cromwell's government.


Penington was the son of Robert Penington and followed him in becoming a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers. He inherited several estates from his father and purchased one of his own. He made a fortune as a wine and cloth merchant. From 1626 he acted as financial agent to his second cousin, Admiral John Penington. He increased his commercial holdings in 1629 by becoming a partner in the brewery business of his second wife's family. He and his wife, Mary, the widow of Roger Wilkinson, a Citizen of the City of London,[3] were both staunch Puritans.

In 1638 Penington was elected Sheriff of London and became an alderman of the City of London for Bridge Without ward on 29 January 1639. He was Prime Warden of the Fishmongers Company in 1640.[4]

In April 1640 Penington was elected a Member of Parliament (MP) for the City of London in the Short Parliament.[5] He was re-elected MP for City of London for the Long Parliament in November 1640 and sat until 1653.[6] On 16 August 1642 Parliament appointed him Lord Mayor of London after removing the Royalist Sir Richard Gurney, 1st Baronet from the position. He became a Colonel of the White Regiment in 1642 and from 1642 to 1645 he was Lieutenant of the Tower of London.[4] In that capacity he was present during the execution of William Laud. He became Governor of the Levant Company in 1644, retaining the position to 1654.[4]

In January 1649, Penington was appointed a commissioner of the High Court of Justice at the trial of King Charles, but he was not one of the signatories of the King's death warrant. He served on the Rump's Council of State and on several government committees. He was made a knight in 1649. From 1650 he was the sole representative of the City of London in the Rump Parliament until it was forcibly ejected by Oliver Cromwell on 30 April 1653.[7]

After the Restoration, he was tried for high treason and imprisoned in the Tower of London, where he died on the night of 16 December 1661.[8]

Marriage & progeny

Penington married twice:[9][10]

  • Firstly, in 1614–15, to Abigail Allen, a daughter of John Allen of the City of London, by whom he had six children:
    • Isaac Penington, the Quaker;
    • Arthur Penington, who became a Roman Catholic priest, and was living in 1676;
    • William Penington (1622–1689), a merchant of London, who also became a quaker and follower of John Perrot;
    • Abigail Penington (married about November 1641);
    • Bridget Penington;
    • Judith Penington. Letters from Isaac Penington the younger to his sister Judith imply that she also became a quaker.
  • Secondly he married Mary Young, a daughter of Matthew Young, and widow of Roger Wilkinson, a Citizen of the City of London.[11]

See also


  1. ^ His name was spelt Isaac Pennington (House of Lords 1660, pp. 51–53)
  2. ^ Lindley 2004.
  3. ^ Bosville Macdonald, Alice (Lady Macdonald of the Isles), The Fortunes of a Family (Bosville of New Hall, Gunthwaite and Thorpe) Through Nine Centuries, Edinburgh, 1927, p.78[1]
  4. ^ a b c Beaven 1908, pp. 47-75.
  5. ^ Willis 1750, pp. 229,233.
  6. ^ Willis 1750, pp. 240,246.
  7. ^ Beaven 1908, pp. 261-297.
  8. ^ House of Lords 1662, pp. 51-53.
  9. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 15, (Owens-Pockrich), pp. 740-741
  10. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 44, Penington, Isaac (1587?-1660) by Charlotte Fell Smith[2]
  11. ^ Bosville Macdonald, Alice (Lady Macdonald of the Isles), The Fortunes of a Family (Bosville of New Hall, Gunthwaite and Thorpe) Through Nine Centuries, Edinburgh, 1927, p.78[3]


  • Beaven, Alfred P. (1908). "'Chronological list of aldermen: 1601-1650', The Aldermen of the City of London: Temp. Henry III - 1912". pp. 47–75, 261–297. Missing or empty |url= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link).mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background-image:url("//");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background-image:url("//");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background-image:url("//");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:9px;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-image:url("//");background-image:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//");background-repeat:no-repeat;background-size:12px;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}
  • House of Lords (4 June 1660). "4 June 1660". Volume 11: 1660-1666 (1767-1830). House of Lords Journal. 11. pp. 51–53. Retrieved 8 August 2011.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • House of Lords (2 February 1662). "7 February 1662". Volume 11: 1660-1666 (1767-1830). House of Lords Journal. 11. pp. 51–53. Retrieved 8 August 2011.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Willis, Browne (1750). Notitia Parliamentaria, Part II: A Series or Lists of the Representatives in the several Parliaments held from the Reformation 1541, to the Restoration 1660 ... London. pp. 229, 233, 240, 246.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Lindley, Keith (2004). "Penington, Isaac (c.1584–1661)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21840.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

Further reading

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for City of London
With: Thomas Soame 1640–1648
Samuel Vassall 1640–1648
Matthew Cradock 1640–1641
John Venn 1641–1650
Succeeded by
Robert Tichborne
John Ireton
Samuel Moyer
John Langley
John Stone
Henry Barton
Praise-God Barebone
Civic offices
Preceded by
Sir Richard Gurney, 1st Baronet
Lord Mayor of London
Succeeded by
Sir John Wollaston

1 Annotation

Bill  •  Link

Pennington. I am unwilling to be troublesome to the Court. This I shall take the boldness to say; (which shall be nothing but truth) I never had a hand in plotting, contriving malicious practices against his Majesty, demonstrated by utterly refusing to sign the Warrant for his Execution though often sollicited thereunto; I cannot deny but I sate amongst them that day of the Sentence but I cannot remember I was there when the Sentence passed. My sitting amongst them was out of ignorance, I knew not what I did, therefore I hope you wil believe there was nothing of malice in any thing I did. I was misled to it.
---An Exact and Most Impartial Accompt of the Indictment, Arraignment, Trial, and Judgment (according to Law) of Twenty Nine Regicides. 1679.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.