The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:

Open location in Google Maps: 50.824120, -0.133977

4 Annotations

First Reading

CGS  •  Link

a fishing village until princes discovered local talent.…

.....Although there is evidence of Roman and Saxon occupation of the site, the earliest mention of Brighton (Bristelmeston, Brichelmestone, Brighthelmston) is the Domesday Book record....
From a fishing town in 1656 it became a fashionable resort in 1756; its popularity increased after the visit of the prince of Wales
lifted from…

cum salis grano  •  Link

note names in the diary attributed to the Town of Brighton
"...come to Brighthelmstone, ..."and
"...that was the man that got the vessel to carry over the King from Bredhemson, ..."

cum salis grano  •  Link

another collection of spellings long lost
" For Brighthelmstone I have found Bredhemson, Brightsemson,
Broadhemson, and Brathhampston."…


Second Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

On 15 October, 1651 after taking a tortuous and often fraught route across southern England, Charles II reached the coast at Brighton.

The ship chosen to receive him was the collier Surprise, about 34 tons, 42 feet long and 30 feet broad. Her captain and owner, Nicholas Tattersell or Tattersall, had already agreed to take an unnamed passenger and his attendants across to France, but when he met the party and recognized the King, he was furious at being exposed to such danger. Delicate negotiation followed, and Tattersell eventually agreed to make the voyage in return for a further £200.

The Surprise duly crossed the Channel, and on 16 October, 1651 Charles II landed at Fecamp.

When the monarchy was restored in 1660, Charles II promptly bought the Surprise from Tattersell and renamed her the Royal Escape. The King had her moored in the Thames off Whitehall Palace, and showed her off to important visitors. Perhaps she was also a reminder of the potential insecurity of his position, or of God’s providence in preserving his life (or both).

As for Nicholas Tattersell, Charles II treated him with considerable generosity.

Charles commissioned him as captain of the frigate Sorlings on 25 July 1660 , then promoted him to captain of the powerful Third Rate man-of-war Monck on 20 April 1661, in which capacity Tattersell served until 12 February 1663. He then returned to his old life, albeit cushioned by the security of a £100 annuity for life,

By 1669 Nicholas Tattersell was skipper of the ketch Happy Entrance, trading between Sussex and London.

So for most of the Diary years, Capt. Tattersell would have been a celebrity in Brighthelmstone, talking about the good ol' days when he saved the King.

info from…

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.