This text was copied from Wikipedia on 21 November 2022 at 6:01AM.
|St Lawrence Jewry|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Heritage designation||Grade I listed building|
St Lawrence Jewry next Guildhall is a Church of England guild church in the City of London on Gresham Street, next to Guildhall. It was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666, and rebuilt to the designs of Sir Christopher Wren. It is the official church of the Lord Mayor of London.
The church was originally built in the twelfth century and dedicated to St Lawrence; the weathervane of the present church is in the form of his instrument of martyrdom, the gridiron. The church is near the former medieval Jewish ghetto, which was centred on the street named Old Jewry. From 1280 it was an advowson held by Balliol College, Oxford.
It is thought that the unusual alignment of the church may be because it was built on the site of the London Roman Amphitheatre, which was rediscovered as recently as 1988. Its remains can now be visited beneath the Guildhall Art Gallery.
In 1618 the church was repaired, and all the windows filled with stained glass paid for by individual donors.
The medieval church was destroyed in the Great Fire of London and rebuilt by Christopher Wren between 1670 and 1687. The parish was united with that of St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street, which was not rebuilt. The church is entirely faced in stone, with a grand east front, on which four attached Corinthian columns, raised on a basement, support a pediment placed against a high attic. George Godwin, writing in 1839, described the details of this facade as displaying " a purity of feeling almost Grecian", while pointing out that Wren's pediment acts only as a superficial adornment to the wall, rather than, as in Classical architecture, forming an extension of the roof.
Inside, Wren's church has an aisle on the north side only, divided from the nave by Corinthian columns, carrying an entablature that continues around the walls of the main body of the church, where it is supported on pilasters. The ceiling is divided into sunken panels, ornamented with wreaths and branches. The church is 81 feet long and 68 feet wide.
The church suffered extensive damage during the Blitz on 29 December 1940, and after the war the City of London Corporation agreed to restore it as Balliol College had no funds to do so. It was restored in 1957 by the architect Cecil Brown to Wren's original design. It is now a guild church which does not have its own parish and is not responsible to the parish authorities in its locality; it does not have to hold Sunday services.
The church was the burial place of John Tillotson, the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1691 to 1694; and of merchant Francis Levett, as well as the site of the wedding of his niece Ann Levett, daughter of William Levett, Dean of Bristol and former Principal of Magdalen Hall, Oxford.
Vicars (incomplete list)
- 1566–1570 William Palmer
- 1578–81 Samuel Perkins
- 1650–1656 Richard Vines was minister
- 1657–1659 Edward Reynolds
- 1661–1662 Seth Ward
- 1662–1668 John Wilkins
- 1668–1683 Benjamin Whichcote
- 1686–1721 John Mapletoft
- 1898–1920 James Stephen Barrass
- 2007–Present The Reverend Canon David Parrott
- St Lawrence and Mary Magdalene Drinking Fountain
- List of churches and cathedrals of London
- List of Christopher Wren churches in London
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- Historic England, "Church of St Lawrence Jewry (1064673)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 23 July 2017
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- Publications of the Harleian Society; Vol. XXVI, London, 1887
- "St Lawrence Jewry February 2016 Newsletter" (PDF). Company of Distillers. February 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- Catherine Ennis HonRCO (1955-20); Royal College of Organists; access date = 2021-01-16
- Catherine Ennis; Rhinegold
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- "Parkens, Samuel (PRKS567S)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Vines, Richard (VNS619R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Reynolds, Edward, D.D., creeds.net, accessed 11 June 2021
- "Ward, Seth (WRT632S)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Wilkins, John (WLKS639J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Whichcote, Benjamin (WHCT626B)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Mapletoft, John (MPLT648J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "Barrass, James Stephen (BRS884JS)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.