1893 text

Elizabeth, daughter of John Savage, second Earl Rivers, and first wife to William, fourth Lord Petre, who was, in 1678, impeached by the Commons of high treason, and died under confinement in the Tower, January 5th, 1683, s. p. — B.

This text comes from a footnote on a diary entry in the 1893 edition edited by Henry B. Wheatley.

4 Annotations

First Reading

cumsalisgrano  •  Link

see House of Lords for Story of privelege;
URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/….

[rivers street off Crutch Friars]
Elizabeth, daughter of John Savage, second Earl Rivers, and first wife to William, fourth Lord Petre

Elizabeth Scrope m. Earl Rivers [Savage ] Thomas 21 dec Dec 1647
Daughter of the Earl of Sunderland [Emmanuel Scrope]

child Richard [1654 - Aug 1712] , gleaned from

comes Rivers 15th on list of upper Barons

Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers PC (c. 1660 - August 18, 1712), was the second son of Thomas, 3rd Earl; and after the death about 1680 of his elder brother Thomas, styled Viscount Colchester, he was designated by that title until he succeeded to the peerage.

Early in life Richard Savage acquired notoriety by his dare-devilry and dissipation, and he was, too, one of the most conspicuous rakes in the society of the period. After becoming Lord Colchester on his brother's death he entered parliament as member for Wigan in 1681

Nix  •  Link

From the Oxford DNB article on her husband, William Petre, 4th Baron Petre:

Denied a significant role at the heart of national government on account of his religion Petre seems, at the Restoration, to have been content to live in quiet seclusion, overseeing the administration of his large Essex estates from his seat at Ingatestone Hall. However, the state of his troubled marriage to Elizabeth (d. 1665), eldest daughter of John Savage, second Earl Rivers, whom he married in or before 1655, returned him to the public eye. Though handsome and high spirited in her youth Elizabeth's infidelities and heavy drinking had caused the couple to separate at some point before the spring of 1664. Faced by a warrant for her arrest for debt she claimed that she was exempt from the charges on account of her privilege as a peeress of the realm. William Joyce, the unfortunate chaloner who had attempted to recoup his losses through the prosecution, was subsequently reported by her to the House of Lords' committee of privileges, and was imprisoned for contempt in April 1664 in a remarkable reversal of fortune. Joyce was released upon bail and was compelled to apologize to both the house and to Lady Petre upon bended knee. This, however, did not satisfy Elizabeth, who declared 'that Revenge was sweeter to her than milk' and provoked a public row with her husband, who thought that the conduct of his estranged wife was bringing him nothing but disgrace (Pepys, 5.128). Despite her vow to continue pursuing Joyce 'if she lived [to] the age of Methusalem' Elizabeth died, still unsatisfied, on 19 July 1665, and was denied burial in the traditional Petre burial vault, her body being relegated to the New Chapel at Ingatestone (Pepys, 5.126).

Second Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

Elizabeth Petre was a disorderly character, who had in 1655 already served a term of imprisonment. She had owed money for several years to William Joyce, who was a chandler in Covent Gardens and cousin of Pepys by marriage. About five months before her arrest Joyce had obtained a warrant against her, but she had escaped arrest by pleading privilege as a peeress. (Wives and widows of peers , as well as peers themselves, were at this time exempt from corporal arrest on charges of debt or trespass: Sir E. Coke, Reports, 1736, pt vi, 52b-54b. The privilege was reduced in the realm of William III.) Perhaps unfortunately the warrant against Lady Petre was not served until Parliament was in session and the committee of privilege in the House of Lords present to meet and her exemption from arrest upheld. (Per L&M footnote, 3 April 1664)

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.