The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:

Open location in Google Maps: 21.207459, 72.817383

3 Annotations

First Reading

Pedro  •  Link


The Dutch also founded a factory.

In 1664 the Maratha leader Shivaji sacked and looted Surat. When Shivaji arrived at Surat he demanded tribute from the Mughal commander and the small army stationed with him for port security. The tribute was refused and so after Shivaji took the city, he put it to sack. Surat was under sack for nearly 3 weeks, in which the Maratha army looted all possible wealth from Mughal & Portuguese trading centers. All this loot was successfully transported to Maharashtra before the Mughal Empire at Delhi was alerted. This wealth later was used for development & strengthening the Maratha Empire.

The only exception to the looting was the British factory, a fortified warehouse-counting house-hostel, which was successfully defended by Sir George Oxenden.

Wim van der Meij  •  Link

At Sam's time Sir George Oxenden was the chief factor of the East India Company. In 1686 the English removed to Bombay.

Second Reading

Terry Foreman  •  Link

A book whose frontispiece is an engraving of the Surat factory in 1638

The English factories in India, 1618-1669 : a calendar of documents in the India Office, British Museum and Public Record Office…

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.