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Monument to Sir Thomas Vyner, attributed to Jasper Latham in 1672, at All Saints' Church in Gautby.

Sir Thomas Vyner, 1st Baronet (1588–1665) was a wealthy English businessman and politician who served as the Lord Mayor of London. Vyner supplied gold bullion to two English kings and to the Pretender Oliver Cromwell.

Born at North Cerney, Gloucestershire, on 15 Dec. 1588, Vyner was the son of Thomas and Anne Vyner. After his father's death in 1600, Vyner was sent to London to live with his sister and brother-in-law, Samuel Moore.

Samuel Moore introduced Vyner to the goldsmithing trade. Vyner soon became a member of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths and later became its prime warden. In 1622, Vyner purchased a mansion in what was then the village of Hackney near London. On 8 July 1624, James I appointed Vyner to the office of comptroller of the mint. Under the regime of Oliver Cromwell, Vyner supplied large quantities of gold bullion to and created coinage for both the English government and the East India Company. In 1656, he and a partner purchased a large quantity of Spanish bullion to be converted into coins.

As Vyner became more successful in business, he started venturing into politics. In 1646, he was elected alderman of the Billingsgate ward of London, a post he would hold until 1651. In 1648, he was elected sheriff. In 1651, Vyner ran for election as alderman in the Langbourn ward. In 1653, he became the Lord Mayor of London. That same year, Vyner was knighted by Cromwell.

In 1660, with the loss of his post as alderman, Vyner appears to have retired from public service. On 18 June 1661 Charles II made Vyner a baronet.[1]

Vyner died in Hackney on 11 May 1665. He was buried in St Mary Woolnoth church in Langbourn. Vyner had three wives, four daughters, and two sons. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son George.


  1. ^ Lee (1903), p. 1347.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainLee, Sidney, ed. (1903). "Viner, Thomas". Dictionary of National Biography. Index and Epitome. Cambridge University Press. p. cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}

Further reading

3 Annotations

JWB  •  Link

"Sir Thomas Vyner 1588-1665 who became Lord Mayor of .London was born at North Cerney. His mother was an Eycot. Thomas Vyner was a brother and uncle to Eycotts whose second wife was Anne Eycott was father of Sir Thomas Lord mayor in 1653. (See Will of Thomas Ekott 1583) He was knighted by Oliver Cromwell. Sir Tomas (b. 15 dec 1588 - d. 1665) was a goldsmith of London and Comptroller of the Mint. He married Anne daughter of Richard Parsons, Honor, daughter of George Humble and in 1661 Alice Bat. He had four daughters by Ann and 2 sons with Honor. His sister Mary was wife of Samuel Moore, goldsmith of London and his brother William Vyner of East Coope, Warwickshire, was father of Sir Robert Vyner (1631- 1688) who died at Windsor Castle. He was knighted at Whitehall in 1665, made baronet in 1666. He was sheriff of London at the time of the fire 1666. With his great wealth he bought the crown jewels of Charles II and furnished 300 000 pounds to the Restoration Navy."

Bill  •  Link

VINER, Sir THOMAS, baronet (1588-1665), lord mayor of London; came to London, 1600; brought up by Samuel Moore, goldsmith; alderman of London, 16461660, sheriff, 1648, lord mayor, 1653; knighted, 1654; created baronet, 1661; did much government banking business from James I's to Charles II's time; benefactor of the Goldsmiths' Company.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

There's now a small and largely unhelpful Wikipedia site for Sir Thomas Vyner:,...

On the last part of JWB's post above: "He was knighted at Whitehall in 1665, made baronet in 1666. He was sheriff of London at the time of the fire 1666. With his great wealth he bought the crown jewels of Charles II and furnished 300 000 pounds to the Restoration Navy."

BEWARE -- Vyner died in 1665, before the Great Fire. Undoubtedly he did something nice for Charles II to be sold Baronet in 1661. He was knighted by Cromwell. These notes may refer to someone else.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.