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Sir Thomas Vyner, 1st Baronet (1588–1665) was a wealthy English businessman and politician who served as the Lord Mayor of London. Vyner supplied gold bullion to two English kings and to the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell. Born at North Cerney, Gloucestershire, on 15 December 1588, Vyner was the son of Thomas and Anne Vyner. After his father's death in 1600, Vyner was sent to London to live with his sister and brother-in-law, Samuel Moore.
Samuel Moore introduced Vyner to the goldsmithing trade. Vyner soon became a member of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths and later became its prime warden. In 1622, Vyner purchased a mansion in what was then the village of Hackney near London. On 8 July 1624, James I appointed Vyner to the office of comptroller of the mint. Under the regime of Oliver Cromwell, Vyner supplied large quantities of gold bullion to and created coinage for both the English government and the East India Company. In 1656, he and a partner purchased a large quantity of Spanish bullion to be converted into coins.
As Vyner became more successful in business, he started venturing into politics. In 1646, he was elected alderman of the Billingsgate ward of London, a post he would hold until 1651. In 1648, he was elected sheriff. In 1651, Vyner ran for election as alderman in the Langbourn ward. In 1653, he became the Lord Mayor of London. That same year, Vyner was knighted by Cromwell.
In 1660, with the loss of his post as alderman, Vyner appears to have retired from public service. On 18 June 1661 Charles II made Vyner a baronet.
Vyner died in Hackney on 11 May 1665. He was buried in St Mary Woolnoth church in Langbourn, although his monuunment was moved by his great nephew Robert Vyner to Gautby.
Vyner had three wives, four daughters, and two sons. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son George. George remained living in Hackney until his death in 1673. George's son and heir, Thomas, was baptised at St John's church, Hackney, in 1664.
- ^ Lee (1903), p. 1347.
- ^ "Hackney Pages 450-516 The Environs of London: Volume 2, County of Middlesex. Originally published by T Cadell and W Davies, London, 1795". British History Online.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed. (1903). "Viner, Thomas". Index and Epitome. Dictionary of National Biography. Cambridge University Press. p. 1347.
- Aylmer, G. E. (January 2008) [First published 2004]. "Vyner, Sir Thomas, first baronet (1588–1665)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28319. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Welch, Charles (1899). Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. Vol. 58. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 368. . In
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