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3 Annotations

First Reading

Second Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

The following were Governors of the Isle of Man during the Stuart Century:

Sir Thomas Gerrard (1595–1596)
Peter Legh (captain; 1596-?)
John Ireland
John Greenhalgh (1640–51)

William Christian (1656–?)
James Chaloner (1658–1660)
Lord Fairfax (1660)
Thomas Cobbe?
Isaac Barrow (1664–?)

Nicholas Stanley (1696–1701)
Charles Zedenno Stanley (1702–1703)
Robert Mawdesley (1703–1713)
Charles Zedenno Stanley (1713)
Alexander Horne (1713–1723)
John Lloyd (1723–1725)…

Governorships do not flow probably because of the presence of the Stanley family, who "owned" the Island:

On 31 October 1664, Pepys says: "This day I hear young Mr. Stanly, a brave young [gentleman], that went out with young Jermin, with Prince Rupert, is already dead of the small-pox, at Portsmouth."

"Mr. Stanley" was Edward Stanley (1639 – 1664), an unmarried younger son of James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby, KG (1607 – 1651) of Lathom House, Lancs., a supporter of the Royalist cause in the English Civil Wars.

Before inheriting the title in 1642, James Stanley was known as Lord Strange, and was the feudal Lord of the Isle of Man ("Lord of Man"), where he was known as "Yn Stanlagh Mooar" ("the Great Stanley").

James Stanley preferred the care of his estates to the royal court or public life. Nevertheless, when the Civil Wars started in 1642, Lord Strange devoted himself to the king's cause. With the death of his father on 29 September 1642 he succeeded as 7th Earl of Derby.

His plan to secure Lancashire and raise troops there was discouraged by King Charles at the beginning of the Civil Wars, as he was said to be jealous of Derby's power and royal lineage.

Derby's later attempts to recover the county were unsuccessful; he was unable to take Manchester, he was defeated at Chowbent and Lowton Moor, and in 1643 after gaining Preston, he failed to take Bolton and Lancaster Castle.
Finally, after successfully beating off the attack by Sir William Brereton on Warrington, Derby was defeated at the Battle of Whalley and withdrew to York, whereupon Warrington surrendered to the Parliamentarian forces.

In June 1643, Derby left for the Isle of Man to attend to affairs there.

In the summer of 1644 he took part in Prince Rupert's successful campaign in the north.
The Siege of Lathom House was relieved (heroically defended by his wife Charlotte de la Tremoille), and the town of Bolton was taken in what became known as the Bolton Massacre.

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Derby followed Rupert to the Battle of Marston Moor, and after the defeat of King Charles' cause, withdrew to the Isle of Man, where he held out for the king and offered asylum to royalist fugitives.

Derby's administration of the Isle imitated that of Thomas Wentworth in Ireland. It was strong rather than just. He maintained order, encouraged trade, remedied some abuses, and defended the people from the exactions of the church; but he crushed opposition by imprisoning his enemies, and aroused agitation by abolishing the tenant-right and introducing leaseholds.

Following King Charles' execution, Derby refused the terms offered him by Henry Ireton.

On 12 January, 1650 Derby was made a Knight of the Garter by the exiled Charles II.
Charles chose him to command the troops of Lancashire and Cheshire, and on 15 August 1651 he landed at Wyre Water in Lancashire in support of Charles II's invasion, and met up with Charles on 17 Aug., 1651.

Derby proceeded to Warrington but failed to obtain the support of the Presbyterians by refusing to take the Covenant, and on 25 Aug. was defeated at the Battle of Wigan Lane, escaping with difficulty as he was wounded.

Derby was with Charles II at the second Battle of Worcester, and on 3 Sept, 1651 accompanied him to Boscobel House.

On his way north alone, Derby was captured near Nantwich, court-martialed at Chester on 29 Sept., found guilty of treason under the terms of an Act which declared those who corresponded with Charles II were guilty of treason, and condemned to death.

His appeal to Parliament, although supported by Cromwell, was rejected. Derby escaped, but was recaptured.

He was taken to Bolton for execution because of his part in the Bolton Massacre.

He was beheaded on 15 Oct., 1651 at the market cross in Churchgate, Bolton, near the Man and Scythe Inn (owned at the time by Derby's family).

Today the market cross bears an inscribed tablet commemorating the execution.
In the Inn survives a chair inscribed "15 October 1651: In this chair James, 7th Earl of Derby sat at the Man and Scythe Inn, Churchgate, Bolton, immediately prior to his execution".
He was buried in the Derby Chapel in the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Ormskirk.

Derby had 6 sons, and was succeeded by Edward's oldest brother, Charles Stanley, 8th Earl of Derby, 2nd Baron Strange (1628–1672).
Charles Stanley had two sons:
William Stanley, 9th Earl of Derby, 3rd Baron Strange (c. 1655–1702), eldest son, who left only female children who inherited the barony of Strange;
James Stanley, 10th Earl of Derby, 6th Baron Strange (1664–1736…

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.