6 Annotations

First Reading

Susanna  •  Link

Sir William Montagu

Sir William Montagu was a judge and politician (elected MP for Huntingdon in 1640). Future Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer (1676).


Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

MONTAGU, Sir WILLIAM (1619?-1706), judge; son of Edward Montagu, first baron Montagu of Boughton; educated at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge; barrister, Middle Temple, 1641; M.P., Huntingdon, 1640: Cambridge University, 1660; attorney-general to Charles II's queen, 1662; serjeant-at-law and lord chief baron of the exchequer, 1676; removed from the bench on his refusal to give an unqualified opinion in favour of the prerogative of dispensation, 1686 ; assessor to the convention. 1689.
---Dictionary of National Biography: Index and Epitome. S. Lee, 1906.

Third Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Sir Walter Montagu (1619?-1706) was a lawyer, and sat in 1640 for the Short Parliament for the family borough of Huntingdon.

During the Civil Wars his father, Edward Montagu MP, 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton, was imprisoned as a Royalist; his older brother, Edward, 2nd Baron Montagu, supported Parliament, while Walter remained neutral but was not appointed to local office until 1657.

As a cousin of Edward Montagu, 2nd Earl of Manchester, chancellor of Cambridge University, Walter was returned to the Convention Parliament at the 1660 Cambridge by-election.

Montagu probably served on 21 committees and made 4 recorded speeches. On 11 July 1660 he seconded the motion to except Queen Mother Henrietta Maria’s lands from the bill for confirming sales.

In the second session Montagu was appointed to the committee for attainting Oliver Cromwell.

At the 1661 general election, Montagu was returned at Stamford, 15 miles from his Northants. home.

Montagus record cannot be reliably distinguished from those of the Edward Montagu MP and George Montagu MP, especially in the early Cavalier Parliament; he was an active Member, and may have sat on 20 committees, taking the chair in 7. 26 of his speeches were recorded.
He was in favor of the execution of those under attainder, and was appointed to the committee for the bill.

On Charles II’s marriage, Montagu was appointed attorney-general to Queen Catherine.

Montagu was appointed to the conventicles committee and for a bill to prevention profanity in 1664.

In the 1665 Oxford session Montagu was on the committee for the five mile bill, and prepared reasons for a conference on the plague bill.

After the 1666 Great Fire, Montagu introduced a bill to prevent suits between landlords and tenants.

Although the proposed divorce of Lady Roos was detrimental to Queen Catherine’s interests, John Manners, Lord Roos was Montagu’s nephew, and on 12 Nov. 1666 he moved to allow Heneage Finch MP and Robert Milward MP to appear as Roos' counsel in the Lords.
Montagu acted as chairman of the bill to illegitimate Lady Roos’ children.

On 22 Jan. 1667 Walter Montagu MP was a manager of Lord Mordaunt’s impeachment.
On the fall of Clarendon he was ordered to search for precedents of impeachments, but took no further part.

In 1668 Montagu helped to amend the articles of impeachment against Henry Brouncker MP.

On 18 Nov. 1669 Walter Montagu MP was given responsibility for the private bill to settle the differences between Anne St.John Lee Wilmot, Dowager Countess of Rochester and the coheirs of Sir Thomas Pope.

After the Diary he was active in Parliament, for Queen Catherine, and as a judge - he worked on the Bloody Assizes with Judge Jeffries - Sir Walter Montagu MP lived to 88, dying on 26 Aug. 1706.

For more information, see https://www.historyofparliamenton…

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

During the Diary years, Sir George Montagu MP had chambers at Lincoln's Inn.

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

L&M: William Montagu MP was Sandwich's principal legal advisor.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.



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