The overlays that highlight 17th century London features are approximate and derived from Wenceslaus Hollar’s maps:

Open location in Google Maps: 51.891739, 0.901208

3 Annotations

cgs  •  Link

Roman town and oysters, famous for its military connections and the Inter-regnum

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Colchester bayze AKA Colchester bays

The making of fine quality BAYS was apparently introduced to Colchester in Essex by Dutch makers from Sandwich in Kent in about 1565.
They were joined in the town by other immigrants who made a cloth of lower quality. Thus two distinctive fabrics with the same designation were made in the same town, as was the case with BARNSTABLE BAYS.
A feature of the bays of the Sandwich type were that they dyed well in the piece and their manufacture was strictly regulated, with all pieces marked, unlike the coarser varieties, which remained unregulated [Acts (1660)].
Eric Kerridge gives a good account of bays making in Colchester, and the complicated nomenclature used in the trade [Kerridge (1985)], for instance, they were also known as 'short BAYS'.
OED earliest date of use: 1667
Found used to make CLOAK
Found in units of YARD
Colchester has long been famous for its OYSTERs (sometimes called Colchesters for short, or Colchester natives). Their production around Colchester and on the other side of the estuary at Whitstable, has long been well organized and regulated.
The difficulties of transport are constantly emphasized by historians, yet the mechanisms of trade were sufficiently developed to allow OYSTERS that were grown and harvested around Colchester to be traded widely, and usually via the London market of Billingsgate in much of England.
They were widely known and bought in large numbers by some; for example both Samuel Pepys and Elizabeth Purefoy ordered them by the BARREL [Diaries (Pepys)]; [Eland (1931)].

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.


  • Oct