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Wikipedia

This text was copied from Wikipedia on 13 June 2021 at 6:02AM.

Saint Sepulchre-without-Newgate
Holy Sepulchre, London
Church of the Holy Sepulchre, London
Church of saint Edmund the (King and) Martyr and of the Holy Sepulchre (obsolete)
Church of saint/Saint Sepulchre, Holborn/Middlesex (dated)
Tower of St Sepulchre-without-Newgate Church.jpg
tower section of the church
LocationLondon, EC1
CountryUnited Kingdom
DenominationChurch of England
ChurchmanshipLow Church Evangelical
History
StatusParish church
Foundedbefore 1066
Founder(s)unknown
DedicationEdmund the (King and) Martyr and to the Holy Sepulchre
Consecratedbefore 1066
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationGrade I listed building
Designated4 January 1950
Architect(s)various
StyleGothic (tower)[1]
Years built15th century (rebuilt)
Completed1670 (reopened)[2]
Specifications
Other dimensions3-storey porch
Number of towers1
Bells12
Administration
ParishSt. Sepulchre with Christchurch, Greyfriars and St. Leonard, Foster Lane (as sole church of)
DeaneryCity of London (sole deanery in archdeanery)
ArchdeaconryLondon
DioceseLondon
ProvinceCanterbury
Clergy
Priest in chargeRev. David Ingall

Holy Sepulchre London formerly and in some official uses Saint Sepulchre-without-Newgate is the largest Anglican parish church in the City of London. It stands on the north side of Holborn Viaduct across a crossroads from the Old Bailey, and its parish takes in Smithfield Market. During medieval times the site lay outside ("without") the city wall, west of the Newgate.

It has London's musicians' chapel in which a book of remembrance sits and an October/November requiem takes place – unusual for a church which believes in Low Church Evangelicalism. The church has two local army regiment memorials.

Its vicar is appointed by and the church is patronised by St John's College, Oxford, since 1622.

The immediately local appearance of all buildings is held to rigorous Planning Laws, being in a Conservation Area.[3]

History

The original (probably pre-Norman) church on the site was dedicated to St Edmund the King and Martyr.[2] In 1137 it was given to the Priory of St Bartholomew. From some point during the Crusades of that century the church was re-dedicated: to saint Edmund and the Holy Sepulchre, venerating the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. Knights passed by on the way to the Holy Lands.[2] This name became contracted linguistically and in the 21st century reference to the saint-king has been overwhelmingly dropped. The very early lessening of the first dedicaton helped to reserve that name for the small church which is east of St Paul's Cathedral named St Edmund, King and Martyr.[4]

The church is today the largest parish church in the city.[5] It was completely rebuilt in the 15th century[5] but was gutted by the Great Fire of London in 1666,[6] which left the outer walls,[7] the tower and the porch standing.[8] Lightly modified in the 18th century,[9] the interior of the church is a wide, roomy space with a coffered ceiling[10] installed in 1834; with plasterwork of three years later.[9] The church had considerable re-facing and alterations in 1878.[9] In World War II the 18th-century watch-house in its churchyard (to deter grave-robbers) was bomb-struck – yet was rebuilt. The vicar's residence was in the early 2000s fully renovated.

The interior of St Sepulchre

Among Mary I's persecutions, in 1555, the incumbent vicar was burned at the stake as a hereticRev. John Rogers.

The bell

The bells are in the nursery rhyme Oranges and Lemons as the "bells of Old Bailey".[11]

In 1605, London merchant tailor Mr. John Dowe paid the parish £50 (equivalent to £11,000 in 2019) to buy a handbell and to mark the execution of prisoners at the nearby gallows at Newgate.[12] This, the execution bell, is in a glass case in the nave. Between the 17th and 19th centuries, the clerk was responsible for ringing it outside the condemned man's cell in Newgate Prison the night before his execution and announcing the following "wholesome advice":[12][1]

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All you that in the condemned hold do lie,

Prepare you, for to-morrow you shall die;
Watch all, and pray, the hour is drawing near
That you before the Almighty must appear;
Examine well yourselves, in time repent,
That you may not to eternal flames be sent.
And when St Sepulchre's bell to-morrow tolls,
The Lord above have mercy on your souls.
Past twelve o'clock!

Given proximity to Newgate Prison and the Old Bailey, certain of the bells in its tower, aside from marking time, celebrating weddings and communion, were rung to announce executions. In the first years of the court this was as the condemned felon was led to Tyburn.[1][13]

Musicians' Chapel

By the north aisle is the Musicians' Chapel. As St. Stephen's chapel it hosted votive masses to 12th century monastic saint Stephen Harding until the English Reformation (break with Rome and its traditions) and during the votives revived by Mary I of England.[14]

The ashes of conductor Sir Henry Wood, founder of the country's annual late summer events The Proms, who learnt to play the organ at the church as a boy were interred here in the 1940s.[14]

It was rededicated to musicians by Dr. W.R. Matthews, Dean of St Paul's, on 2 January 1955 in the presence of many distinguished musicians including an orchestra conducted by Sir Malcolm Sargent and the BBC Singers.[14] Its four windows commemorate:

The chapel appearance and the Musicians' Book of Remembrance are maintained by the Friends of the Musicians' Chapel. A Service of Thanksgiving for all those in the book is held at the church each year as well as a requiem close to All Souls' Day. Many concerts and memorial events for musicians have been held in the church. In 2017 the vicar ceased parish funds financing the requiem and allowing of most free rehearsing time. A protest was held and many prominent musicians including John Rutter sought continued benevolence from the wider congregation and church patron. Attempts to mediate failed.

Army memorials

The south aisle of the church holds the regimental chapel of the Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) (merged to form the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers), to whom its gardens are a memorial.[15] The west end of the north aisle has memorials for the City of London Rifles (the 6th Battalion London Regiment).

Protection and recognition of architecture

The church has been designated a Grade I listed building (the highest grade) since 1950.[9]

Notable people associated with the church

Organ

The organ

The north aisle is dominated by a splendid organ built by Renatus Harris in 1670;[17] the organ case is its sole mention in the architectural listing, adding a date, 1677.[9]

The swell was added by John Byfield in c. 1730. The organ was enlarged in 1817 by James Hancock and by John Gray in 1828 and 1835, and Gray and Davison in 1849, 1852 and 1855. It was rebuilt in 1932 by Harrison and Harrison. A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register.[18] It is not currently playable. A Makin digital organ is used when required for services.

Organists

  • Francis Forcer 1676–1704
  • Thomas Deane 1705–1712
  • Benjamin Short 1712–1760
  • William Selby and Samuel Jarvis 1760–1773
  • Samuel Jarvis 1773–1784
  • George Cooper 1784–1799
  • George Cooper 1799–1843 (son of above)
  • George Cooper 1843–1876 (son of above)
  • James Loaring
  • Edwin Matthew Lott
  • Edgar Pettman
  • Frank B. Fowle c. 1921

See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b c .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}Piper, David; Jervis, Fionnuala. The Companion Guide to London. p. 350.
  2. ^ a b c "NEWGATE: Conservation Area Character Summary" (PDF). Corporation of London. 1999.
  3. ^ "Newgate Street Conservation Area [No. 6]". City of London Corporation.
  4. ^ "The City of London Churches: monuments of another age" Quantrill, E; Quantrill, M p24: London; Quartet; 1975
  5. ^ a b "The City Churches" Tabor, M. p127:London; The Swarthmore Press Ltd; 1917
  6. ^ Latham, Robert, ed. (1985). Samuel Pepys - The Shorter Pepys. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 484. ISBN 0-14-009418-0.
  7. ^ "The Survey of Building Sites in London after the Great Fire of 1666" Mills, P/ Oliver, J Vol I p124: Guildhall Library MS. 84 reproduced in facsimile, London, London Topographical Society, 1946
  8. ^ Cobb, G (1942). The Old Churches of London. London: Batsford.
  9. ^ a b c d e Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1064640)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 January 2009.
  10. ^ "London:the City Churches" Pevsner, N / Bradley, S New Haven, Yale, 1998 ISBN 0-300-09655-0
  11. ^ "Our Community — Bells". stsepulchres.org.
  12. ^ a b St. Sepulchre's and its neighbourhood. Old and New London, Volume 2. Cassell, Petter & Galpin (courtesy of British History Online). 1878. pp. 447–491.
  13. ^ "London's secret sights: 14 odd attractions you never knew were there". The Daily Telegraph.
  14. ^ a b c d "The London Encyclopædia" Hibbert, C; Weinreb, D; Keay, J: London, Pan Macmillan, 1983 (revised 1993, 2008) ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5
  15. ^ "The Visitors Guide to the City of London Churches" Tucker,T: London, Friends of the City Churches, 2006 ISBN 0-9553945-0-3
  16. ^ "The John Smith Window". St. Sepulchre-without-Newgate. Retrieved 22 December 2010.
  17. ^ Pearce,C.W. "Notes on Old City Churches: their organs, organists and musical associations" London, Winthrop Rogers Ltd 1909
  18. ^ http://www.npor.org.uk/cgi-bin/Rsearch.cgi?Fn=Rsearch&rec_index=N17580

External links

Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°31′0.07″N 0°6′8.47″W / 51.5166861°N 0.1023528°W / 51.5166861; -0.1023528

2 Annotations

Pedro  •  Link

St Sepulchre-Without-New-Gate

There is no saint called "Sepulchre". The church which stood on this site was originally dedicated to St. Edmund the Martyr - King of East Anglia. At the time of the Crusades the church was known as "St. Edmund and the Holy Sepulchre" and eventually "St. Sepulchre" - after the Holy Sepulchre of Christ in Jerusalem.

St. Sepulchre-without-Newgate is the largest church in the City of London. The tower and outer walls were built around 1450. Badly damaged in the Great Fire of 1666, the church was rebuilt by Wren's masons in 1670-71. The ashes of Sir Henry Wood, founder of the Promenade Concerts - the longest running continuous series of orchestral concerts in the world - are interred in the Musicians' Chapel where now can be found the Musicians' Book of Remembrance containing the names of over two thousand professional musicians.
On the south wall there is a stained glass window commemorating Captain John Smith, the first Governor of the state of Virginia, USA, whose exploits included sailing to America in "the little ships" in 1607, where he was captured by Indians and freed by Princess Pocahontas. Smith died in 1631 and is buried in the south aisle. St. Sepulchre's was the first London home of the School of English Church Music - now the RSCM - and the historic tower holds the twelve bells of the Old Bailey made famous by the nursery rhyme 'Oranges and Lemons'.

http://www.st-sepulchre.org.uk/history.htm

Terry Foreman  •  Link

St Sepulchre-without-Newgate, also known as the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Holborn), is an Anglican church in the City of London. It is located on Holborn Viaduct, almost opposite the Old Bailey. In medieval times it stood just outside ("without") the now-demolished old city wall, near the Newgate. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St_Sepulchre-without…

St Sepulchre is south-center (SW of West Smithfield) on this 1746 map
http://www.motco.com/Map/81002/SeriesSearchPlates…

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References

Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.

1661

1662

1664

1665

1668