3 Annotations

First Reading

CGS  •  Link

inkstand , Ist entry 1773
[Commonly believed to be f. STAND v. + DISH n.; but evidence is wanting for such a use of dish as would account for the assumed combination.] A stand containing ink, pens and other writing materials and accessories (see quots.); an inkstand; also, an inkpot.
1474-5 in Swayne Sarum Church-w. Acc. (1896) 17 Et in j quartari paupiri & in j standisshe viijd.


[a. OF. enque (11th c. in Hatz.-Darm.; in mod.F. encre):{em}late L. encaustum, a. Gr. {elenisacu}{gamma}{kappa}{alpha}{upsilon}{sigma}{tau}{omicron}{nu} the purple ink used by the Greek and Roman emperors for their signatures, f. {elenis}{gamma}{kappa}

{alpha}{giacu}{epsilon}{iota}{nu} to burn in (see ENCAUSTIC). The OF. form retained the Greek accent, while It. inchiostro (Old Milanese incostro, Diez) is due to the Latin stressing encau·stum, *encau·strum. The word has been adopted in Boh. as inkoust, formerly inkaust; and in Du. as inkt (older enkt).]

I. 1. a. The coloured (usually black) fluid ordinarily employed in writing with a pen on paper, parchment, etc. (writing ink), or the viscous paste used for a similar purpose in printing (printing or printer's ink).
When the word is used without qualification, the ordinary black writing-fluid is commonly meant. The various kinds of ink are distinguished by their colour, as black, red, blue, gold ink, etc.; by the purpose which they serve, as copying, lithographic, marking, printing (or printer's), writing ink; by some special quality, as indelible, invisible, sympathetic ink; by the place of manufacture, as China, Indian Ink, q.v.
c1250 M

1599 MARSTON Sco. Villanie I. iii. 183 What Academick starued Satyrist..with *inke-black fist, Would tosse each muck-heap, for some outcast scraps?

1605 SYLVESTER Du Bartas II. iii. III. Law 552 With *Ink-like Rheum the dull Mists' drouzy vapours Quench their home Fires.

3. In the names of vessels or receptacles for holding writing or printing ink, as ink-bottle, -box, -can, -case, -cup, -dish, -glass, -holder, -reservoir, -tin. Also INK-HORN, -POT, -STAND, -STANDISH.
1583 HOLLYBAND Campo di Fior 333 Hoe boye, reache me that *inke-bottell.

A stand for holding one or more ink-bottles or ink-glasses (often with a tray or rests for pens, etc.); sometimes applied to an inkspot.
1773 Lond. Chron. 7 Sept. 248/3 [In a list of articles made at Soho]. 1776 Trial Nundocomar 43/2 The ink-stand was near Bollakey Doss: he dipt his seal on the cushion, and sealed the bond.

Second Reading

Bill  •  Link

STANDISH, a standing Ink-horn for a Table.
---An Universal Etymological English Dictionary. N. Bailey, 1724.

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.