18 Annotations

First Reading

David Quidnunc  •  Link

FOOD DICTIONARY -- 17th, 18th centuries

". . . glossaries compiled for six Prospect Books . . . of English cookery texts of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries."

David Quidnunc  •  Link

FOOD DICTIONARY -- Medieval to 1636

This glossary takes words from books in various languages from (about) 1380, 1415, 1450, 1569, 1594, and, apparently, several manuscripts. One source is an anonymous English work published in 1636. See bottom of their web page for details.

David Quidnunc  •  Link


"Here are six pages from the Gauger showing weights and measures from 1694."
Without much explanation, the site shows copies of a book giving some little-known weights and measures. For instance, 20 grains make a scruple, 3 scruples make a dram and 8 drams make an ounce. The pages are legible -- just -- and make for interesting browsing.

David Quidnunc  •  Link

International words & measurements

"The primary purpose of this document is to help cooks from different countries communicate with one another. The problem is that measurements and terms for food vary from country to country, even if both countries speak English."


David Quidnunc  •  Link

Ancient & Medieval Cooking, Brewing

Web site of Cindy Renfrow, an author of books on this subject.

"Cindy Renfrow delights in making historic recipe books more widely available to the modern reader for study and re-discovery."

Her web page of links is enormous, and many of the sites she links to are applicable to Pepys's day.


David Quidnunc  •  Link


Loads of links, all put on a timeline that you scroll down. Great concept.
Did you know that lemon meringue pie was around in 1692?

vincent  •  Link

preserving food: see and read a great book:
Salt: A World History at www.amazon.com or Borders
Buy Mark Kurlansky's book Now at 30% off. associate

Carolina  •  Link

Salt: A World history
Sounds dull - is not !

Spookily enough, I had stopped reading this book about a year ago, and my bookmark was on page 208 where it talks about the 17th and 18th centuries, and fleets of British ships would meet in Barbados and, accompanied by warships would go to one of the salt islands and the crews would work for months to load their ships.In 1684 Bermuda finally became a British colony and the first governor was given instructions to "proceed to rake salt"

Just about Sam's time in the Navy ?

A thoroughly interesting book.

dirk  •  Link

Menu of the Month

Over the diary year 1661/1662 I posted (more or less) regular monthly annotations with a Menu of the Month. These were taken from "The Gentlewoman's Companion: or, A Guide to the Female Sex", 1675 -- roughly contemporary to our Sam.

It would be a useless exercise to repeat these menus again for 1662/1663 and following years. But those who want to have another look at them, and to compare them with what Sam's having at any particular time of the year, can use the following (long) link:

Michael Robinson  •  Link

Compilation of receipts etc. from the "second Stewart age" (sic) c. 1650 - 1714

John Nott
The Cooks and Confectioner's Dictionary, 1726. Introduction and glossery by Elizabeth David. London: Lawrence Rivington, 1980

the introduction published also in Elizabeth David Is there Nutmeg In The House NY: Viking, 2001 pp. 183-193

Todd Bernhardt  •  Link

Sam and the Diary feature prominently in this interesting examination by Michael Quinion (author of several books on the English language and of the excellent World Wide Words site) about "messes in pots" (which looks at the history of pottages, gravies, soups, etc.):


Second Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Dr. Ros Barber recommends the following site for information on the origins of words, and what was correctly used when.
She is a senior lecturer in the Department of English and Comparative Literature at Goldsmiths, University of London, and Director of Research at the Shakespearean Authorship Trust and is three times winner (2011, 2014, 2018) of the Hoffman Prize for a distinguished work on Christopher Marlowe.

The Historical Thesaurus of English is available from the University of Glasgow. Their thesaurus allows you to find out how language is used through the ages. As an example, you can search “toilet” and find out how to refer to that in 1563, or parts of a person’s body in 1603, etc.

Explore at https://ht.ac.uk/

Third Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

The British Antiquarian Society’s Library has part of the Lemon Broadsides collection (miscellaneous broadsides presented by Thomas Hollis in 1757, and later catalogued and arranged chronologically by treasurer Robert Lemon in 1866).

Many of the early broadsides published up to the mid-17th century are unique copies. Around 130 are digitized in high-quality and available to view with transcripts via the freely-accessible EBBA (English Broadside Ballad Archive).



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