8 Annotations

First Reading

hazel-mary  •  Link

In seventeenth century England, as in Italy today, citrus trees were often grown in large pots which were kept outside in the summer and wheeled back indoors (into a heated orangery) to over winter, something they still do on a small scale at Chiswick House in London. There is an orangery - Dutch influenced - in the grounds of Ham House, and another, well documented, in Kew gardens, where it is currently being restored.

Susanna  •  Link


vincent  •  Link

"First Orange garden of England" and famous too. Reported by J. Evelyn sept.27 1658. It was Bedington (Nr. Cheme? & Bansted)the antient Seate of the Carews. --Interesting way of preventing frost burn -- "( being now over-growne trees, and planted in the ground, & secured in winter with Wooden Tabernacle & stoves:... the pomegranads beare here.... fully planted with Walnuts & Chery trees,which afford considerable rent:...." (profitable too. no gentleman farmer?

Pedro.  •  Link

Oranges, Mandarins, Tangerines, Sugar and Spice and all things nice

vicente  •  Link

a story of the Grape fruit and grapefruit. "some visitors to the States were offered grape_fruit, expecting fruit of the vine received Grape-fruit, Oh my! Sour Orange.

dirk  •  Link

transport of oranges

Interesting to know: to preserve the oranges during their transport by ship, they were usually packed in barrels filled with salt water. This lies at the origin of the salty taste of the "real" orange marmelade (containing the peel of the orange as well as the fruit).

Second Reading

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

"China oranges" -- In some Indo-European languages, the words for orange allude to the eastern origin of the fruit and can be translated literally as "apple from China".

The earliest mention of the sweet orange in Chinese literature dates from 314 B.C. ... Citrus fruits — among them the bitter orange — were introduced to Sicily in the 9th century during the period of the Emirate of Sicily.

The sweet orange was unknown until the late 15th century or the beginnings of the 16th century, when Italian and Portuguese merchants brought orange trees into the Mediterranean area. Shortly afterward, the sweet orange quickly was adopted as an edible fruit. It also was considered a luxury item and wealthy people grew oranges in private conservatories, called orangeries.

By 1646, the sweet orange was well known throughout Europe.

Louis XIV of France had a great love of orange trees, and built the grandest of all royal Orangeries at the Palace of Versailles. At Versailles potted orange trees in solid silver tubs were placed throughout the rooms of the palace, while the Orangerie allowed year-round cultivation of the fruit to supply the court. When Louis condemned his finance minister, Nicolas Fouquet, in 1664, part of the treasures which he confiscated were over 1,000 orange trees from Fouquet's estate at Vaux-le-Vicomte.

For more, see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ora…

San Diego Sarah  •  Link

Good to know the old ways are still being maintained by Chiswick House:

'In April about St. George his day, you shall set abroad your citron and orange trees, as also such other trees as you had kept within house from St. Martin's Day.' -- Richard Surflet, 1600

November 11 is St. Martin's Day

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Chart showing the number of references in each month of the diary’s entries.